ID 19943
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Author
Oshima, Mitsuko
Wei, Yanlin
Yamamoto, Masaki
Motomizu, Shoji
Abstract
A spectrophotometric method for the determination of total carbonate in water samples was developed. The method is based on the color change of an acid-base indicator in relation to the concentration of permeable gas substances through a membrane. By using a new portable FIA system equipped with a gas-diffusion unit, a highly sensitive and on-site determination of total carbonate in aqueous solutions was investigated. A new color-change system with 4-(2',4'-dinitrophenylazo)-1-naphthol-5-sulfonic acid (DNN5S) was developed. Absorbance changes of the reagent solution were measured at 450 nm with a light-emitting diode (LED) as a light source. A new type of gas-diffusion unit was used, and was constructed with double tubing: the inner tubing was a micro porous PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene) tubing (1.0 mm inner diameter and 1.8 mm outer diameter, pore size 2 μm, porosity 50%); the outer tubing was made of glass with 2.0 mm inner diameter. The optimized system conditions were as follows: the sample size was 200 μl, the temperature of the air bath for the gas-diffusion unit was 25℃, and the length of the gas-diffusion unit was 15 cm; each flow rate was 0.3 ml min(-1). For measuring carbonate at low concentrations, a method for preparing water with less carbonate was proposed: the carbonate content of the water was decreased down to 5×10(-7) M. The calibration graph was rectilinear from 1×10(-6) M to 10(-3) M, and the detection limit (corresponding to a signal-to-noise ratio of 3) was 1×10(-6) M of carbonate. The relative standard deviation (RSD) of ten measurements of 2.3×10(-5) M Na(2)CO(3) solution was 1.9%. The total carbonate in various kinds of water (such as river, sea, rain, distilled and ultra purified) was determined.
Published Date
2001-11-10
Publication Title
Analytical Sciences
Volume
volume17
Issue
issue11
Publisher
日本分析化学会
Start Page
1285
End Page
1290
ISSN
0910-6340
NCID
AA10500785
Content Type
Journal Article
language
英語
OAI-PMH Set
岡山大学
Copyright Holders
日本分析化学会
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DOI