ID 55621
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Hishikawa, Nozomi Department of Neurology, Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University
Fukui, Yusuke Department of Neurology, Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University
Sato, Kota Department of Neurology, Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University
Kono, Syoichiro Department of Neurology, Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University
Yamashita, Toru Department of Neurology, Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University
Ohta, Yasuyuki Department of Neurology, Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University
Deguchi, Kentaro Department of Neurology, Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University
Abe, Koji Department of Neurology, Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University
Abstract
AIMS: The world is rapidly aging, and is facing an increase of late-elderly dementia patients. It is important to investigate the characteristic features of late-elderly dementia in a super-aged country. METHODS: We examined 1554 patients with cognitive decline in Department of Neurology, Okayama University Hospital, Okayama, Japan, divided into three subgroups according to the age: young-elderly (age ≤64 years), middle-elderly (age 65-74 years) and late-elderly (age 75 years), and investigated the cognitive, affective and activities of daily living functions (ADL), especially in late-elderly patients compared with young-elderly and middle-elderly patients. RESULTS: Among 1554 patients, Alzheimer's disease dominated at 62%, and age-dependently increased up to 69% in the late-elderly group. The total scores of four cognitive tests were significantly worse with aging for specific subscales of orientation, recall, visual retention, word fluency and so on. In contrast, total scores of the affective tests showed only an increase in the apathy scale in the late-elderly group. Each subgroup showed depressive/depression in 63.2-55.2%, and apathy in 44.2-54.8%. Furthermore, instrumental ADL items significantly deteriorated in the late-elderly group, which statistically correlated with Mini-Mental State Examination score. CONCLUSIONS: These results show that the late-elderly group is characterized by significant cognitive declines, increasing apathy, and instrumental ADL decrease. The cognitive decline may be related to such affective and ADL declines.
Keywords
affective functions
cognitive function
daily living function
late-elderly dementia
super-aged country
Note
This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Wiley
Published Date
2016-04
Publication Title
Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Volume
volume16
Issue
issue4
Publisher
Japan Geriatrics Society
Start Page
458
End Page
465
ISSN
1444-1586
NCID
AA1155729X
Content Type
Journal Article
language
英語
OAI-PMH Set
岡山大学
Copyright Holders
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.ja
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isVersionOf https://doi.org/10.1111/ggi.12492