Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Published by the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
ONLINE ISSN : 2186-7755

ギョウギシバの耐塩性における系統間差異

Utsugi, Tomo
Abstract
Nine strains of Cynodon dactylon grass were collected from various habitats as the seaside, the saline soil areas and the roadside. These strains were grown in sand culture under greenhouse at various NaCl treatments, and their growth, morphological variation, mineral contents and rooting were determined. The growth of most strains was increased by Cl concentrations of 1,000 ppm to 3,000 ppm, and addition of NaCl up to 5,000 ppm of Cl concentrations did not affect their growth. Furthermore all strains survived relatively well even when grown with Cl concentrations of 10,000 ppm. With increasing Cl concentrations, Na content in their tissues increased. Especially some strains which were collected from saline areas, had higher Na content in their tissues than those of other strains. It was also found that Cynodon dactylon may possess one mechanism for salt tolerance, which be related to restriction of Na translocation from root to top. Morphological characters of all strains at various NaCl treatments varied widely, and a relation between morphological variation and yield variation was found. In contrast, NaCl treatments significantly affected the rooting and the root growth of Cynodon dactylon.
Keywords
Cynodon dactylon
salt tolerance
strains
NaCl treatments
rooting
ISSN
0474-0254
NCID
AN00033029