Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Published by the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
ONLINE ISSN : 2186-7755

イチゴ’女峰’花粉稔性の変化と日射量、気温並びに体内炭水化物、無機養分濃度との関係

Yoshida, Yuichi Kaken ID researchmap
Tanimoto, Keiichiro
Abstract
Changes in pollen fertility in forcing strawberry cv. Nyoho(Fragaria×ananassa Duch.)were investigated to clarify the factors affecting fruit malformation caused by poor fertilization which occurs with plant dwarfing and yeild decreace in February to March .Pollen were sampled from 15 greenhouses of strawberry growers,and relationships between pollen germination and climatic factors,mineral and carbohydrate concentration in leaves were analyzed.Pollen fertility decreased in January and February with decrease in light intensity and outside air temprerature,and increace in fruit load.It was suggested that the occurrence of fruit malfomation may be mainly caused by the decrease in pollen fetillity. There were highly significant relationships between the pollen fertility and light intensity in 1 to 3 days before anthesis,minimum outside air temperature on the day of anthesis,and carbohyrates,P,K and Ca concentration in the leaves.No constant relationship could be found between polln fertility and leaf N concentration.Pollen fertility at the beginning of harvest for second inflorescence(January)was improved with CO2 enrichment.These results indicate that the poor pollen development may result from the shortage of photosynthate caused by low light and fruit load.
Keywords
Fragaria×ananassa Duch.
pollen
light energy
nitorogen nutrition
CO2 enrichment
ISSN
0474-0254
NCID
AN00033029