Author Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Ashida, Kozo| Tsugeno, Hirofumi| Okamoto, Makoto| Nishida, Norikazu| Nagata, Takuya| Takata, Shingo| Yokoi, Tadashi|
Published Date 2003-02-01
Publication Title 岡大三朝医療センター研究報告
Volume volume73
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14886
FullText URL 72_074_079.pdf
Author Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Ashida, Kozo| Tsugeno, Hirofumi| Okamoto, Makoto| Nishida, Norikazu| Yokoi, Tadashi| Takata, Shingo| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Abstract 高齢者喘息の病態に対する加齢および喫煙の影響について,若干の検討を加えた。高齢者喘息,特に70才以上の喘息では,HRCT上の1950HU以下の肺のlow attenuation area(LAA)は,苦青年者喘息と比べ有意に増加していた.また,同時にこの年齢層では残気量の有意の増加,拡散能の有意の低下が見られた.% LAAと% 1秒量との間には,喘息の非喫煙例,喫煙例,肺気腫(全例喫煙例),いずれにおいても相関が見られた。しかし,% LAAと拡散能との間には,喘息の喫煙例および肺気腫では相関が見られたが,非喫煙例では有意の相関は見られなかった。これは,喫煙の拡散能におよぽす影響が大きいことを示唆しているものと考えられた。
Abstract Alternative Influences of aging and cigarette smoking on the pathophysiology in elderly patients wish asthma were examined in 152 patients with asthma and 14 patients with pulmonary emphysema. The low attenuation area (LAA) <-950 HU of the lungs on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) was significantly larger in patients over age 70 years than in those under age 49 years. A significant increase in residual volume (RV) of the lungs and significant decrease in the value of DLco were observed in these patients over age 70 compared to the values in those under age 49. A significant correlation between % LAA and % FEV1.0 was found in patients with asthma (in both smoker and nonsmoker) and with pulmonary emphysema. However, any correlation between % LAA and the value of DLco was not observed in nonsmoking patients with asthma, suggesting that the influence of smoking on DLco is remarkably larger than the influence of aging.
Keywords 高齢者喘息 (asthma in the elderly) 気腫化傾向 (emphysematous changes) HRCT 残気量 (residual volume) DLco
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 2002-02-01
Volume volume72
Start Page 74
End Page 79
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308085
Author Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Ashida, Kozo| Iwagaki, Naofumi| Nagata, Takuya| Fujii, Makoto| Takata, Shingo| Yokoi, Tadashi| Hamada, Masanori| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Published Date 2004-02-01
Publication Title 岡大三朝医療センター研究報告
Volume volume74
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15326
Title Alternative Clinical evaluation of an endoscopic image filing system, Olympus SDF-3
FullText URL 063_074_078.pdf
Author Ochi, Koji| Miyake, Hirofumi| Matsumoto, Shuji| Seno, Toshinobu| Tanaka, Juntaro| Harada, Hideo| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Tanizaki, Yosiro|
Abstract 光ディスクとパーソナルコンピュータを組み合わせた内視鏡画像ファイリングシステムは電子内視鏡の画像の保存・管理,検索・再生などに威力を発揮する。今回,われわれはオリンパス社製内視鏡ファイリングシステムSDF-3を使用する機会を得たので,その有用性や問題点の検討を行った。有用性としては,①内視鏡画像を検査終了後直ちに再生し,再検討できる,②多数の項目についての検索や統計処理が可能である,③限られたスペース内で大量の画像データの一括保存・管理が可能であるなどが挙げられる。一方,問題点としては,①内視鏡再生画像は画質が劣化する,②検索機能を十分に活用するにはかなり煩雑な人力操作を必要とする,③光ディスクの清掃が必要であるなどがあげられる。本内視鏡ファイリングシステムに今後必要な改良点やその展望についても合わせて考案を加えた。
Abstract Alternative Olympus SDF-3, an endoscopic image filing system using an electronic endoscope in conjunction with a personal computer and an optical disk, has been recently developed. We evaluated the usefulness of this filing system with 449 cases of gastroduodenal endoscopy. As a result, we have found that this filing system has following advantages : (1) one can review endoscopic images immediately after endoscopic examinations ; (2) previously documented endoscopic image can be searched and reviewed in a short time ; (3) statistical analysis of documented cases is facilitated. However, it has some disadvantages as well to be improved : (1) quality of endoscopic images is deteriorated in the process of filing ; (2) putting patients' data into the filing system is time-consuming ; (3) frequent cleaning of an optic disk is required. This endoscopic image filing system needs to be further developed and refined.
Keywords 画像ファイリングシステム (image filing system) 電子内視鏡 (electronic endoscope)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1992-06
Volume volume63
Start Page 74
End Page 78
ISSN 0913-3771
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307278
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15518
Title Alternative Clinical significance of spa therapy in patients with steroid-dependent intractable asthma
FullText URL 065_119_127.pdf
Author Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Kitani, Hikaru| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Kajimoto, Kazuhiro| Yokota, Satoshi| Takata, Ichiro|
Abstract 気管支喘息のなかでも,副腎皮質ホルモン依存性の喘息は,もっとも重症難治性であり,薬物療法のみでコントロールすることは極めて困難である。著者らの現在までの成績では,このようなステロイド依存性重症難治性喘息に対して,温泉療法は有効であった。このことは,喘息の治療,とりわけ重症難治例の治療には温泉療法が必要不可欠であることを示している。今回は,その臨床的有用性および機序について,若干の考察を加えた。1.臨床病型では,Ib型やII型に重症難治症例が多く,温泉療法はこれらの病型に対して有効であった。2.年齢別検討では,発症年齢では30才以上,また現年齢では40才以上の症例に対して温泉療法は有効であった。3.温泉療法による換気機能の改善では,小ないし細気管支領域の閉塞の改善がより高度であった。4.温泉療法により,気道過敏性が低下することが観察された。5.温泉療法により,高度に低下した副腎皮質機能の改善が見られた。5.ヨードゾル吸入,鉱泥湿布療法,温泉プール水泳ないし歩行訓練などが,喘息の治療に適した温泉療法と判断された。
Abstract Alternative It is very difficult or sometimes impossible for phisicians to control steroid-dependent intractable asthma (SDIA) without glucocorticoids because of the severity of asthma and low responsiveness to usual antiasthma drugs. Our previous studies have shown that spa therapy improves the symptoms and signs of patients with SDIA, suggesting that spa therapy is highly required for the treatment of SDIA. In this article, the effects and action mechanisms of spa therapy on SDIA were summarized according to the results previously described. 1. Spa therapy is more effective in patients with hypersecretion (type Ib) and bronchiolar obstruction (type II) than in those with simple bronchoconstriction (type Ia). 2. Spa therapy is more effective in patients with the age at onset over 30, and in those with the age over 40 years. 3. Obstructive dysfunction in small airways is more improved compared to that in medium or large airways by spa therapy for asthma patients. 4. Bronchial hyperresponsiveness of asthma patients is suppressed by spa therapy. 5. Markedly suppressed function of adrenocortical glands is improved by spa therapy. 6. Complex spa therapy including swimming training in a hot spring pool, inhalation of iodine salt solution and fango therapy is effective and clinically useful for the treatment of asthma patients.
Keywords 重症難治性喘息 (intractable asthma) 換気機能 (ventilatory function) ヨードゾル吸入 (inhalation of iodine salt solution) 鉱泥湿布療法 (fango therapy) 温泉プール水泳訓練 (swimming training in a hot spring pool)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1994-09
Volume volume65
Start Page 119
End Page 127
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307310
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15149
Title Alternative A case report of severe allergic reactionsinduced by black fly bites
FullText URL 065_017_021.pdf
Author Kitani, Hikaru| Takata, Ichiro| Yokota, Satoshi| Kajimoto, Kazuhiro| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Mifune, Takashi| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Abstract 多数のブユに刺されたのを契機に重症反応を呈するようになった29歳男性例について,アレルギー学的検討を行った。血清IgE値が高値(4591U/ml)であったが,免疫グロブリン,抗核抗体,血清補体価,CD4,CD8陽性リンパ球出現頻度などいずれも正常であり,またハウスダスト,カンジダその他16種類の吸入性抗原,ミツバチ,スズメバチ,アシナガバチ,ゴキブリ,ヤブカ,ユスリカなどの昆虫抗原に対する特異的IgE抗体はいずれも陰性であった。一方ニッポンヤマブユ抗原による好塩基球からのヒスタミン遊離は陰性であったが,皮膚反応,IgE抗体は陽性を示したことから,本症例における重症化因子としてIgE系反応の関与が示唆された。なおEBウイルス抗体価の検討では,EBV-EADR抗体はすべて陰性,EBNA-EIA抗体はIgG抗体のみ陽性であり,EBウイルスの既感染状態と判断されたが,病因との関連は明らかではなかった。
Abstract Alternative Allergic examinations were studied on the 29 years old male case, who suffered from severe systemic reactions by black fly bites, after the episode of much black fly bites in 1987. The level of serum IgE was high in the case, and both skin reaction and specitic IgE antibodies to whole body extract of black fly (Simulium nacojapi) were positive. The results obtained here suggest that IgE-mediated allergic reaction would play an important role in the severe systemic reactions induced by black fly bites.
Keywords 昆虫アレルギー (lnsect allergy) ブユ (Black fly) IgE系反応 (lgE-mediated reaction)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1994-09
Volume volume65
Start Page 17
End Page 21
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307240
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14840
Title Alternative Multidetector-CT findings of dissecting aortic aneurysum and coronary artery disease. Based on the case of dissecting aortic aneurysum and coronary artery disease.
FullText URL 72_055_061.pdf
Author Ashida, Kozo| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Tsugeno, Hirofumi| Okamoto, Makoto| Takata, Shingo| Yokoi, Tadashi| Nakai, Mutsuo| Makino, Hirofumi| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Abstract 2000年になり多列検出器高速CT (Multi-detector CT,以下MDCT)が出現し,大動脈疾患や心電図同期での冠動脈狭窄病変診断への臨床応用が開始された.当院でも2001年7月からMDCTが稼動し,日常臨床診療に貢献している. 今回,解離性上行大動脈瘤(DeBakeyII)(以下DAA)と冠動脈疾患(LAD# 7の閉塞)を合併した患者を診療した.MDCTによるCT - Angiography (以下CTA)が両者の診断に非常に有用であった.患者の負担は100mlの末梢静脈内への造影剤の投与と約数十秒間の呼吸停止だけで,解離性大動脈瘤並びに冠動脈狭窄病変の診断にそれぞれ非常に有用であった.三次元診断の鮮明な画像が得られ,かつ低侵襲度のMDCT並びにCTAは,今後益々臨床の場で血管造影検査の強力なファーストチョイスの診療手段になると考える.
Abstract Alternative Multidetector-CT (MDCT) and CT-Angio hase proven to be extremely useful in diagnosis of dissecting aortic aneurysum (DM) and coronary artery disease (CAD) . We report a case of DM complicated with CAD which was diagnosed by new MDCT.
Keywords 解敵性大動脈瘤 (disecting aortic aneurysum) 冠動脈 (coronary artery) 狭心症 (anglna Pectoris) 多列検出器CT(マルチスライスCT) (MDCT) CT血管造影 (CT-Angiography)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 2002-02-01
Volume volume72
Start Page 55
End Page 61
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308046
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15095
Title Alternative Mechanisms of pancreatic fibrosis
FullText URL 067_115_120.pdf
Author Ochi, Koji| Chowdhury, Riaz| Ichimura, Mitsuko| Matsumura, Naoki| Tanaka, Juntaro| Mizushima, Takaaki| Yamamoto, Ryoichi| Harada, Hideo| Yokota, Satoshi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Abstract 膵の線維化は慢性膵炎に特徴的な病理組織所見の一つであるが,その発生機序については不明な点か多い。慢性膵炎はいったん発症すれば,進行性かつ非可逆性であるとされるが,その非可逆性に膵の線維化が関与するとされる。膵の線維化の発生機序を明らかにし,線維化に対する根本的な治療法の確立が望まれるところである。そこで,本稿では今後の膵の線維化の研究課題を明らかにする目的で,現在までの膵臓線維化の発生機序に関する知見を整理した。
Abstract Alternative Pancreatic fibrosis is an outstanding morphological feature in chronic pancreatis although it is seen in pancreatic cancer and convalescent stage of acute pancreatitis. Progressive fibrosis in chronic pancreatitis leads to the destruction and contributes to irreversiblity of chronic pancreatitis. Exact mechanisms of pancreatic fibrosis is not yet unclear, although advances in molecular biology have revealed possible roles of cytokines and growth factors in it. We summarized our understanding of pancreatic fibrosis in the revIew.
Keywords 膵臓 (pancreas) 線維化 (fibrosis) サイトカイン (cytokine) 慢性膵炎 (chronic pancreatitis)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1996-11
Volume volume67
Start Page 115
End Page 120
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307876
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14943
Title Alternative Interferon and pancreatitis
FullText URL 070_084_087.pdf
Author Ochi, Koji| Matsumura, Naoki| Mizushima, Takaaki| Hasuoka, Hideaki| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Abstract インターフェロンは慢性肝炎や悪性腫瘍の治療など,広く臨床の場に用いられるようになった。その副作用の一つとして,膵炎があり,その多くは急性膵炎である,慢性膵炎の報告もあり,膵炎はインターフェロンを用いる場合に知っておくべき副作用である。そこで,膵炎とインターフェロンの関係について現在までに知られている知見について概説する。
Abstract Alternative Pancreatitis is known to be one of the adverse effects of interferon, which has been widely used for treatment of chronic hepatitis and malignant diseases. In this paper, we reviewed pancreatitis as adverse effects of interferon and effect of interferon on the pancreas.
Keywords インターフェロン (interferon) 急性膵炎 (acute pancreatitis) 慢性膵炎 (chronic pancreatitis)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1999-12
Volume volume70
Start Page 84
End Page 87
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308150
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14842
Title Alternative The relationship between the magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine and lowback pain
FullText URL 72_066_070.pdf
Author Takata, Shingo| Yokoi, Tadashi| Nishida, Norikazu| Okamoto, Makoto| Tsugeno, Hirofumi| Ashida, Kozo| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Niiya, Kenji| Tanimoto, Mitsune|
Abstract (目的) MRlは腰痛をきたす疾患の診断に必須な検査法である。腰痛と腰椎MRl所見との関係を明らかにすることを目的として検討した。(対象と方法)腰痛を訴えた30例を対象とし、腰椎MRl所見の頻度を調査した。全例に温泉療法を施行した。  (結果)全症例において腰椎MRl上異常所見を認めた。少なくとも1つ以上の椎間板の変性病変をもつ症例は30例中27例(90% )で、椎間板変性はL4/5levelで最も多く認められた(30例中18例)。椎間板ヘルニア を示す症例は30例中10例(33.3% )であった。神経根圧迫を持つ症例は30例中8例(26.7% )であった。腰椎圧迫骨折を持つ症例は30例中6例(20% )であった。温泉療法により腰痛が改善した症例は30例中17例(56.7% )であった。  (結論)腰痛症患者は腰椎MR止異常所見を有した。温泉療法により腰痛の改善を認めたので、MRL上で認めた形態学的異常は必ずしも機能的異常や症状に直結しないと思われた。
Abstract Alternative (Purpose) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is essential to diagnosis of diseases which happen low back pain. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between low back pain and the characteristics on MRI scans of the lumbar spine. (Materials and Methods) We performed MRI examinations of lumbar spine in 30 patients with low back pain and examined the prevalence of abnormal findings on MRI scans of the lumbar spine in 30 patients with low back pain. (Results) Overall in present study, all patients with low back pain had abnormalities around the lumbar spines on MRI. Disc degeneration was present in one or more lumbar levels in 27 (90% ) of all the subjects. The disc degeneration was most commonly observed at U/LS, where 18 (60% ) of all the subjects displayed evidence of disc degeneration. Disc herniation was found in 10 (33.3% ) of all the subjects. Nerve root compression at one level or more was observed in 8 (26.7% ) of the subjects. Compression fracture at one level or more was observed in 6 (20% ) of all the subjects. Spa therapy improved low back pain in 17 (56. 7% ) of the subjects. (Conclusion) All patients with low back pain had abnormalities around the lumbar spines on MRI. Because spa therapy improved low back pain, morphological abnormalities on MRI scans don't always connect with functional abnormalities and symptoms.
Keywords 腰痛症 (Disc disease) MRl (Magnetic resonance imaglng) 椎間板変性 (Lumbar spine)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 2002-02-01
Volume volume72
Start Page 66
End Page 70
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308103
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14987
Title Alternative Clinical effect of spa therapy on lumbargo
FullText URL 068_051_058.pdf
Author Okamoto, Makoto| Ashida, Kozo| Yamamoto, Kazuhiko| Iwagaki, Naofumi| Tsugeno, Hirofumi| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Tada, Shinya| Harada, Mine|
Abstract 腰痛症患者12例を対象に温泉療法の臨床効果について検討した。臨床効果の判定は,日本整形外科学会の腰痛治療成績判定基準に基づき,自覚症状,他覚症状,及び日常生活動作などの項目を中心に,治療前後で比較検討した。その結果,自覚症状,日常生活動作,総計では,治療前に比べ治療後に有意の改善がみられた。また改善指数や改善率での検討でも温泉療法の有効性が示唆された。年齢別(60才以上と60才未満),入院期間(80日以上と80日未満)別の 検討では,65才未満の症例,80日以上の入院の症例において,改善指数,改善率が,有意差はみられなかったもののより高い傾向がみられた。
Abstract Alternative Clinical effect of spa therapy was evaluated in 12 patients with lumbargo by a scoring system based on the standard judgement of therapy for lumbargo by Japanese Society of Orthopedics. The score for each category of subjective symptoms, objective symptoms, daily life activity, and disorder of urinary bladder, and total score calculated from each score were compared before and after spa therapy. A significant improvement of subjective symptoms, daily life activity, and total score was observed after spa therapy. However objective symptom was not significantly improved. The effects of spa therapy was larger in patients under age of 65, and in those who had long-term spa therapy more than 80 days during their admission. The results suggest that spa therapy IS effective for patients with lumbargo.
Keywords 腰痛症 (lumbargo) 温泉療法 (spa therapy) 腰痛治療判定基準 (scoring system based on the standard judgement of therapy for lumbargo)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1997-12
Volume volume68
Start Page 51
End Page 58
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308321
Author Takata, Shingo| Ashida, Kozo| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Hamada, Masanori| Iwagaki, Naofumi| Kikuchi, Hiroshi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro|
Published Date 2008-03-01
Publication Title 岡大三朝医療センター研究報告
Volume volume76
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15167
Title Alternative A case of rheumatoid arthritis with hypoproteinemia probably induced by diseasemodifying antirheumatic drug, D-Penicillamine
FullText URL 062_080_083.pdf
Author Kitani, Hikaru| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Mifune, Takashi| Okazaki, Morihiro| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Abstract 症例は52歳女性で,慢性関節リウマチ(RA)はclassical,stageIV, class 2であった。症状は進行性で加療を行うも改善がみられなかった。平成元年11月RA症状の増悪のための再入院後,Penicillamine 100~200 mg,Sulfasalazine 500mgを合せて投与を行ったところ,血沈,CRP等の検査所見は改善傾向を示したが入院時には正常値であった血清蛋白量がその後5.1g/dlまで低下し,下肢浮腫が出現,その後さらに血清蛋白量は4.1g/dlにまで減少した。治療により蛋白量は5.8g/dlにまで回復したが,低蛋白血症の原因としてはD-Penicillamineの関与が疑われた。
Abstract Alternative A patient with classical rheumatoid arthritis was treated with D-Penicillamine and other drugs. In the course of treatment, the episodes of hypoproteinemia were found twice. The first hypoproteinemia was improved almostly by supportive therapy and withdrawl of administration of medicines, including D-Penicillamine. The second hypoproteinemia was severe and resistant to the treatment. It was suggested that the agent eliciting hypoproteinemia in this case might be D-Penicillamine.
Keywords 慢性関節リウマチ (Rheumatoid arthritis) 低蛋白血症 (Hypoproteinemia) D-ペニシラミン (D-Penicittamine) 抗リウマチ剤 (Disease-modifying antirheumatic drug)
Publication Title 環境病態研報告
Published Date 1991-08
Volume volume62
Start Page 80
End Page 83
ISSN 0913-3771
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307840
Author Mitsunobu, Fumihiro|
Published Date 1988
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume100
Issue issue5-6
Content Type Journal Article
Author 光延 文裕|
Published Date 1988-03-31
Publication Title
Content Type Thesis or Dissertation
Title Alternative The 84th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society of Balneology, Climatology and Physical Medicine (BCPM)
Author 光延 文裕|
Publication Title Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Published Date 2019-12-02
Volume volume131
Issue issue3
Start Page 171
End Page 172
ISSN 0030-1558
Related Url isVersionOf https://doi.org/10.4044/joma.131.171
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright (c) 2019 岡山医学会
File Version publisher
DOI 10.4044/joma.131.171
NAID 130007782622
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14841
Title Alternative Two male steroid-dependent asthmatics treated with etidronate
FullText URL 72_062_065.pdf
Author Tsugeno, Hirofumi| Okamoto, Makoto| Takata, Singo| Yokoi, Tadashi| Nishida, Kazunori| Ashida, Kozo| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Nakai, Mutsuo| Akiyama, Tsuneo| Hasegawa, Hisakazu| Tsuji, Takao|
Abstract 男性のステロイド依存性気管支喘息患者にエチドロネートを4年間の長期間にわたり投与した経験を得たので報告する。症例は,男性のステロイド依存性気管支喘息で,エチドロネート200mg/日・14日間投与を4ケ月おきに4年間にわたり反復投与し,活性型ビタミンD製剤 (VD)投与と併用した2例と,活性型VD製剤を単独授与した2例。椎体圧迫骨折数,境骨耗骨密度,海綿骨骨密度,皮質骨骨密度について,椎体X線像,PQCT(Stratec XCT960)を用いて4ケ月毎に測定し,48ケ月後の効果を検討した。エチドロネートを投与した症例1では,総骨密度と海綿骨はやや増加を認め皮質骨密度は減少していた。エチドロネートを授与した症例2では,総骨密度,海綿骨,皮質骨密度はいずれも減少を認めたが,VD単独投与した2例よりもやや減少が抑制されていたようであった。VD単独投与した2例ではいずれの項目も減少を認めた。これらの症例からは,エチドロネートは男性のステロイドによる骨傷害にも有効と考えられたが,現在投与継続途中であり,今後さらに検討を続ける必要がある。
Abstract Alternative We report an experience about administration of etidronate to male steroid-dependent asthmatics for a long time. For 4 years, two men with steroid-dependent asthma were treated with etidronate (200 mg / day, for 14 days) every 4 months and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (VD) together, and two patients were treated with VD alone. Vertebral fractures were evaluated by the lateral spinal X-ray films, and radial total bone mineral density (BMD) , trabecular BMD and the cortical BMD were measured by pQCT (Stratec XCT960) every four months. Trabecular and total BMD increased but cortical BMD decreased in the case 1 who was treated with both etidronate and VD. In the case 2 with etidronate and VD treatments, total and trabecular BMD decreased, but reduction of these indices seemed to be more suppressed than that in two patients with VD alone. According to these experiences, etidronate may be effective against the steroid-induced bone injury in men. Since periods treatment are not en-ough long to evaluate therapeutic effect of etid-ronate, we will have to continue the examination of these cases further more from now on.
Keywords エチドロネート 男性 ステロイド 気管支喘息
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 2002-02-01
Volume volume72
Start Page 62
End Page 65
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308188
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15127
Title Alternative Spa therapy and quality of life in patients with bronchial asthma
FullText URL 066_072_077.pdf
Author Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Kajimoto, Kazuhiro| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Yokota, Satoshi| Ochi, Koji| Harada, Hideo| Ikeda, Satoru| Taketa, Kazuhisa|
Abstract 気管支喘息のなかでも,ステロイド依存性重症難治性喘息では,気管支拡張薬その他の抗喘息薬のみでは発作のコントロ-ルが極めて困難であり,したがって副腎皮質ホルモンの長期投与を余儀なくされる。そして,投与薬剤,特に気管支拡張薬の心臓刺激作用や副腎皮質ホルモンの副作用,さらには運動誘発喘息がひき起こされやすいなどの理由により,体動制限が加えられることが多い。このことが,また精神活動の低下へとつながる。したがって,重症難治性喘息患者のQuality of life (QOL)を高めるためには,薬剤の副作用をできるだけ低くするための投与薬剤の減量をはかるとともに,十分な運動のもとに治療を行い全身状態の改善,それにともなう精神活動の活性化をはかる必要がある。かかる観点からすれば,温泉療法は最も理想的な治療法であり,その直接作用(気道への作用:気道浄化作用,気道粘膜正常化作用)により,白,他覚症状の改善,換気機能の改善,気道過敏性の低下などが観察される。また,間接作用(気道以外への作用)により,全身状態の改善,自律神経系の安定化作用,副腎皮質機能の改善作用などが見られる。すなわち,重症難治性喘息に対する温泉療法では,十分な運動のもとに,精神活動の活性化をともなった喘息症状の改善がはかられるため,患者のQOLをより一層高めることができると判断される。
Abstract Alternative Bronchial asthma is in qeneral a disease with good prognosis and can be controlled with usual antiasthmatic drugs. However, there are some patients whose asthma attacks can be controlled only with use of qlucocorticoids. In these patients, adverse side effects of many kinds of drugs containing bronchodilators and qlucocorticoids, and exercise-induced asthma attacks are often observed. Thus, the patients have to keep limitation of exercise during treatment of their asthma attacks, leading to decrease psychical activity. Complex spa therapy for bronchial asthma consists of swimming training in a hot spring pool (exercise), inhalation of iodine salt solution and fango therapy. Spa therapy has two kinds of actions : direct action to airways and indirect action to other organs except airways. The direct action of spa therapy improves subjective and objective symptoms, and ventilatory function, and suppress bronchial hyperresponsiveness. In contrast, improvemment of suppressed function of adrenocortical glands, of mental activity, and of autonomic nerve system is observed as indirect action of spa therapy. These actions play an important role for improvement of QOL of patients with bronchial asthma.
Keywords 温泉療法 (spa therapy) 重症難治性喘息 (lntractable asthma) 運動 (exercise) 精神活動 (phychical activity) QOL
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1995-09
Volume volume66
Start Page 72
End Page 77
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307919
Author Yokoi, Tadashi| Senda, Masuo| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Ashida, Kozo| Nishida, Norikazu| Tsugeno, Hirofumi| Okamoto, Makoto| Nagata, Takuya| Takata, Shingo| Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Inoue, Hajime|
Published Date 2003-02-01
Publication Title 岡大三朝医療センター研究報告
Volume volume73
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
Author Yokoi, Tadashi| Senda, Masuo| Hamada, Masanori| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Ashida, Kozo| Iwagaki, Naofumi| Nagata, Takuya| Fujii, Makoto| Takata, Shingo| Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Inoue, Hajime|
Published Date 2004-02-01
Publication Title 岡大三朝医療センター研究報告
Volume volume74
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper