JaLCDOI 10.18926/15293
Title Alternative Differences in interpersonal values for three cohorts of new nursing students
FullText URL 007_2_129_134.pdf
Author Kato, Kumiko| Kondo, Masuko| Tada, Masako| Nagata, Hiroshi|
Abstract 医療短大入学年(1990年,1993年,1996年)において異なるコホートをなす看護学生の対人関係価値を入学直後に自己像と理想のナース像についてKG-SIV(Kikuchi-Gordon Survey of Interpersonal Values)によって測定した。その結果,自己像評定では入学年が進むにつれて「支持」や「独立」の価値を重視する傾向が増大するのに対し,「博愛」の価値は逆に重視されない傾向が見いだされた。また,特に1996年では理想のナース像に対する要求水準が低くなることも明らかになった。この結果を看護学生の社会化過程と関連づけて考察した。
Abstract Alternative KG-SIV (Kikuchi-Gordon Survey of Interpersonal Values) was administered twice to three cohorts of new nursing students admitted to School of Health Sciences, Okayama University, respectively, in 1990, 1993, and 1996. For the first testing, they indicated the values that were important to them, while for the second they indicated those that were important to an ideal nurse they had in their mind. Analyses showed that perceived values of Support and Independence increased while those of Benevolence decreased with the admission years. They also showed a reduced level of aspiration for an ideal nurse, particularly in 1996. Findings were discussed as they were related with a socialization process that nursing students would undertake in prospective nurse training.
Keywords 対人関係価値 (interpersonal values) 看護学生 (nursing students) コホート (cohorts) 社会化 (socialization)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1997-01-31
Volume volume7
Issue issue2
Start Page 129
End Page 134
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307249
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15292
Title Alternative The deveropment of introduction to nursing - The first report. From the viewpoint of Humanologies by Murtin Buber.
FullText URL 007_2_121_128.pdf
Author Kato, Kumiko|
Abstract 看護学概論は看護の本質を追究する教科である。近年,看護の質が論じられ,その中でも患者―看護婦関係の質や患者理解の質が重視されている。本研究は,マルチン・ブーバーの人間学の立場を理解し,人間を尊重した看護を実践したフローレンス・ナイチンゲールの生涯と看護婦観を彼の人間学の立場から分析した。更に,関係の仕方と看護の関係について言及した。
Abstract Alternative Introduction to nursing is a subject which inquire into the intrinsic nature of nursing. Recently, the quality of nursing has been discussed and the quality of patient-nurse relationship and patient understanding are brought to our notice. This paper aims to talk with the understanding of the Humanologies by Murtin Buber and to analyze the life and view of nurse of Florence Nightingale who had realised a human-respected nursing from viewpoint of the course of relationship that M. Buber discussed. Furthermore I discussed in relation to the quality of nursing and the couse of relationship by M. Buber'viewpoint.
Keywords 看護学概論 (Introduction to Nursing) 人間学 (Humanology) われ―なんじの関係 (I-thou relationship) フローレンス・ナイチンゲール (Florence Nightingale)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1997-01-31
Volume volume7
Issue issue2
Start Page 121
End Page 128
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307553
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15284
Title Alternative The development of introduction to nursing - The second report. Nursing educational counseling to understand I-thau relationship.
FullText URL 008_1_049_059.pdf
Author Kato, Kumiko|
Abstract 本研究は,看護学概論の展開―第2報として,マルチン・ブ-バーが述べた関係の仕方と看護の関わりについて,筆者の面接指導を使って説明する。面接対象は看護を学ぶ学生で,自己理解,他者理解に関して「われ―それ」の関係から「われ―なんじ」の関係を体験的に理解した。その関係の変化によって学生の患者理解は深まり,看護の質も変化した。この面接から筆者が考える人間尊重の看護とは,患者と看護婦の「われ―なんじ」の関係の中で行なわれることが解った。
Abstract Alternative In this study, the relationship between the quality of nursing care and Murtin Buber's concept of "the relation" is examined through the nursing educational counseling conducted by the writer. The subject of these nursing eucational counseling is a nursing student. The student's understanding of self and others has developed from "I-it relationship" to "I-thau relationship" as she experiences nursing care. Due to these change in the relation, her understanding of the patient and self-understanding has deepened, which consequently changed the quality of her nursing care. Through these nursing educational counseling, it has been recognized that the nursing care which is based on humanism is achieved in "I-thau relationship" between the nurse and the patient.
Keywords 看護学概論 (introduction to nursing) われ―なんじの関係 (I-thou relationship) 人間尊重 (human respect) 看護 (nursing)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1997-09-10
Volume volume8
Issue issue1
Start Page 49
End Page 59
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307584
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15239
Title Alternative The subjective lived experience that patients have with chronic renal disease
FullText URL 012_1_019_026.pdf
Author Idei, Fumiko| Kato, Kumiko|
Abstract 本研究では慢性腎疾患を有する若い成人の内的経験世界を検討した。5名の患者が疾病に関してどのようなことを経験しているのかについて非組織的な深層面接を受けた。分析の結果,患者の内的経験世界は,(1)患者が経験している感情や思考,(2)疾病や自己についての解釈,(3)重要な他者への信頼,(4)自己の変化と発達(成長)という4つに特徴づけられることが明らかになった。しかるべき質の高い看護を提供するためには,看護者は,患者の内的経験世界を理解することが必要である。
Abstract Alternative This study explored the inner experiences of young adults with chronic renal disease. Five patients received an in-depth and non-structured interview for what they were experiencing as related to the disease. Analyses showed that the patients' inner experiences could be characterized as follows : (1) feelings and thoughts the patients experience, (2) interpretations they give to the disease and to their self, (3) reliance they place on significant others surrounding them and (4) change and development they make in their self-concept. Nurses are required to understand the inner experiences of patients in order to provide them with due care of high quality.
Keywords 慢性腎疾患 (Chronic renal disease) 青年後期 (Young adulthood) 主観的体験世界 (Subjective lived experience) 自己 (Self) 重要他者 (Significant others)
Publication Title 岡山大学医学部保健学科紀要
Published Date 2001-12-25
Volume volume12
Issue issue1
Start Page 19
End Page 26
ISSN 1345-0948
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307642
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11809
Title Alternative The effective nursing educational plan for the elderly at hospital discharge. - through the questionnaires for the nurses and the elderly patients -
FullText URL 007_2_159_164.pdf
Author Ikeda, Toshiko| Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Niwa| Inoshita, Hikari| Sato, Yoshie| Watanabe, Kumi| Kato, Kumiko| Takata, Setuko|
Abstract 近年の急速な高齢化社会にともない複数の疾病や種々の障害をもちながら自宅で療養する高齢者が増加してきている。このような状況でいったん入院療養した高齢者が自宅へ帰り生活をしていくにはかなりの困難が予測される。高齢者が退院し自宅での生活にスムーズに適応できるか否かは看護婦の退院指導の良否に関わってくる。そこで指導側の看護婦の指導計画や指導方法、内容について調査すると共に受け手の患者の指導希望内容との比較を行い有効な退院指導のあり方を検討した。患者の心配事や援助や相談の希望内容と看護婦の重要とする指導内容はほぼ同様の内容であった。その内容は日常生活に関すること、病気や健康に関することが多かった。看護婦の退院指導の計画でカンファレンスをしている看護婦はしていない看護婦に比べ指導内容の経済的なこと、趣味や生きがいに関する事、生活環境、家族の協力に関することを重要とすると回答したものが有意に多かった。
Abstract Alternative The elderly with chronic disease or handicaps who receive nursing home care is currently increasing. They may have some difficulties in their daily life after hospital discharge. The proper nursing educational plan may determine their post-hospital life without anxiety. The purpose of this study is to find out the effective nursing educational plan for them. Therefore, we investigated the contents of the nursing educational plan for their hospital discharge and what elderly patients need in their post-hospital life. As a result, both contents were similar. Those were about their daily life, disease, health. And there were significantly defferences between well-discussed plan and no discussed plan in the items of economy, hobbies, purpose of life, home environment, family cooperation. Results from this study suggest that more detailed discussion among nurses at hospital discharge is necessary to determine the individual nursing educational plan of elderly patients in their post-hospital life.
Keywords 高齢者 (The elderly) 退院指導 (discharge) 自宅療養 (nursing home care) nursing educational plan
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1997-01-31
Volume volume7
Issue issue2
Start Page 159
End Page 164
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313478
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11732
Title Alternative Interpersonal values in 4-year course nursing students : Comparisons with 3-year course nursing students and students not majoring in nursing science
FullText URL 010_1_029_034.pdf
Author Nagata, Hiroshi| Kato, Kumiko| Sasano, Kanji|
Abstract 1999年4年制看護課程に入学した看護学生の入学時の対人関係価値をKG-SIVによって現実の自己像とナースの理想像について調査し,これを同年に非看護課程に入学した学生と3年制看護課程に異なる時期(1990年,1993年,1996年)に入学した看護学生3コホートと比較した。その結果,4年制看護学生は非看護学生に比べ,「博愛」と「同調」を重視する程度が強く,「支持」と「承認」,「独立」を重視する程度が弱かった。また,彼女ら の対人関係価値は3年制看護課程の学生のそれに類似していた。さらに,コホートの年次的移行のなかで看護学生の対人関係価値は「支持」と「独立」への動機づけが増大し,「博愛」への動機づけが滅退する傾向を見せた。
Abstract Alternative This survey studied the interpersonal values held by a cohort of students admitted to a four-year course of nursing program in 1999 to determine whether they had the same interpersonal values as the third-year course nursing students. The KG-SIV (Kikuchi-Gordon Survey of Interpersonal Values) was administered twice at the beginning of the program. The subjects described 'self' for the first testing, while they described 'ideal nurse' for the second testing. Their scores on the self and the ideal nurse were compared with those obtained for three cohorts of nursing students who started the three-year course of nursing program in 1990, 1993 and 1996, respectively. Their scores on self were also compared with the scores obtained for four-year course students not majoring in nursing. Analyses showed that compared to the students not majoring in nursing the four-year course nursing students rated the values of Benevolence and Conformity as more important, while they rated the values of Support, Recognition and Independence as less important. Their scores were simliar to the scores given by the three-year course nursing students. Also, the values of Support and Independence increased while those of Benevolence decreased across the four cohorts of nursing students. It was concluded that nursing students hold distinctive interpersonal values as compared to non-nurses irrespective of their particular nursing program. Such values are ones that are beneficial to the nursing profession.
Keywords 対人関係価値 (interpersonal values) 看護学生 (nursing students) コホート (cohorts)
Publication Title 岡山大学医学部保健学科紀要
Published Date 1999-12-20
Volume volume10
Issue issue1
Start Page 29
End Page 34
ISSN 1345-0948
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002314023
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11712
Title Alternative The process of establishment of the Faculty of Health Sciences, Okayama University Medical School and the construction of nursing curriculum in the department of nursing
FullText URL 010_2_123_133.pdf
Author Hayashi, Yuko| Ikeda, Toshiko| Kato, Kumiko| Ota, Niwa|
Keywords 看護学教育 (nursing education) 看護学専攻カリキュラム (nursing curriculum) ヒューマンナーシング (human nursing) ヘルスプロモーション (health promotion)
Publication Title 岡山大学医学部保健学科紀要
Published Date 2000-03-24
Volume volume10
Issue issue2
Start Page 123
End Page 133
ISSN 1345-0948
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313604