JaLCDOI 10.18926/11384
Title Alternative The Survey on Familiar Living Things for the 9th Graders (about 15 year-olds) and High-School Science Teachers(around 35 yrar-olds): Comparison of Two Age Groups.
FullText URL 005_0033_0042.pdf
Author Tanaka, Kenji| Honda, Yosinobu| Tamaki, Ai|
Abstract 中学校3年生と高等学校理科教諭とを回答者とし、「多様な生物」に関する意識と、現行の小・中学校理科(生活科を含む)教科書に示されている「身近な生物」の身近さの程度とを問うアンケート調査を実施し、回答結果を比較分析してきた。中学3年生より高等学校理科教諭の方が、「多様な生物」に対する関心度が高いこと、自信度が高いこと、「身近な生物」により身近でることを、また、中学3年生と高等学校理科教諭とも、「生物の多様性」に関連した基本方針への関心も基盤となる学問的な知識も十分とは言い難いこと、植物より動物に対して自信度が高いこと、識別されている生物(種)数は現実より非常に多いと考えていることを、明らかにした。
Abstract Alternative Respondents were the 9th graders (about 15-year-olds) and high-school science teachers (32-year-olds or so). For two age groups, surveys were conducted to find the perception of familiar living things. The living things were picked out from the science textbooks (including the Life Environmental Studies). The questions are to what extent respondents are familiar with these living things, and how much perception respondents have of 'diverse living things.' Results of the survey are: High-school science teachers have a greater interest and more confidence in diverse living things than 9th graders. Teachers find 'familiar living things' much familiar and closer to them. Neither 9th graders nor science teachers have a sufficient knowledge and awareness of basic policies related to biodiversity. Both respondents have more confidence in animals than plants, and both of them wrongly estimate that a larger number of life are found and given names.
Keywords 調査報告 (investigation report) 身近な生物 (familiar living things) 比較分析 (comparative analysis) 中学生 (the 9th Graders) 高等学校理科教諭 (high-school science teachers)
Publication Title 岡山大学教育実践総合センター紀要
Published Date 2005
Volume volume5
Issue issue1
Start Page 33
End Page 42
ISSN 1346-3705
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313849
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11382
Title Alternative Comparative Study of Biodiversity (Biological Diversity) at the Lower Secondary Education in USA, Austria and Japan.
FullText URL 005_023_032.pdf
Author Tamaki, Ai| Tanaka, Kenji|
Abstract 学習指導要領と教科書を手がかりに、アメリカ、オーストリア、日本の前期中等教育段階において、「生物の多様性」がどのように扱われているかを比較検討した。示されている生物については、総数はオーストリアが最も多いものの、種類の偏りは3国とも類似していた。また、想定されている学習の内容・方法は、3国とも「遺伝子・種・生態系の多様性」に関する内容があるものの、扱いに大きな偏りがあった。「生物の多様性」の扱われ方が大きく変化していく可能性を秘めている。
Abstract Alternative The purpose of this study is to examine how biodiversity is treated at the lower secondary education in USA, Austria, and Japan. By comparing the national curriculum standards and some textbooks, we found that: The Austrian textbooks have the largest number of living things. The breakdown of categories and their imbalance are similar among three countries. The diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems are written in textbooks of three countries, but there are great variations in the way that biodiversity is dealt with. There are likely to be major changes in the approach to teaching biodiversity.
Keywords 生物の多様性 (Biodiversity) 前期中等 (Lower Secondary Education) アメリカ (USA) オーストリア (Austria) 日本 (Japan)
Publication Title 岡山大学教育実践総合センター紀要
Published Date 2005
Volume volume5
Issue issue1
Start Page 23
End Page 32
ISSN 1346-3705
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313507
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11381
Title Alternative "Biodiversity (Biological Diversity)" in the Austrian School Subject "BIOLOGIE UNDUMWELTKUNDE" at the Lower Secondary Education.
FullText URL 005_013_022.pdf
Author Tamaki, Ai| Tanaka, Kenji|
Abstract オーストリアの前期中等教育段階(第5~8学年)の教科「生物・環境」において、環境教育に関わる新しい課題となっている「生物の多様性」がどのように扱われているかを、学習指導要領と教科書を手がかりに分析した。「生物の多様性」の概念を規定してはいないものの、生態系を軸とした学習を通して、「生物の多様性」を扱っているといえることがわかった。
Abstract Alternative The purpose of this study is to examine how biodiversity is treated in the "Biologie und Unweltkunde (Biology and Environment)", which is the Austrian school subject at the lower secondary school. By analyzing the national curriculum standard and the textbooks, we found that: school subject does not specife the 'Biodiversity' as a technical term or in the index, but includes general ideas of biodiversity, using other related contents, especially ecology.
Keywords 生物の多様性 (biodiversity) 教科書 (textbook) 前期中等教育 (lower secondary education) オーストリア (Austria) 生物・環境 (BIOLOGIE UND UMWELTKUNDE)
Publication Title 岡山大学教育実践総合センター紀要
Published Date 2005
Volume volume5
Issue issue1
Start Page 13
End Page 22
ISSN 1346-3705
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 40007056231
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11355
Title Alternative BIODIVERSITY of the "Integrated Science B" Textbooks in the Upper Secondary School.
FullText URL 004_025_034.pdf
Author Tamaki, Ai| Tanaka, Kenji|
Abstract 平成15年度から新設された高等学校「理科総合B」教科書における「生物の多様性(遺伝子・種・生態系の多様性)」の扱われ方を、学習指導要領と教科書を手がかりに分析した。実験・観察や課題研究には、様々な内容が取り上げられていたこと、示されている生物は、義務教育段階と同様、種類に未だ偏りがあること、そして、遺伝子・生態系の多様性の扱いに不十分さがあることを明らかにした。したがって、「生物の多様性」の扱われ方の現状は、多様であり、過渡期であるといえる。
Abstract Alternative This Biodiversity is added to the National Curriculum Standard as a basic concept. Biodiversity (diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems) is taken up by the "Integrated Science B" texbooks, which are established in 2003 for high school students. The purpose of this study is to examine how this biodiversity is treated in both National Curriculum Standard and textbooks. Regarding textbooks, various examples of boidiversity are dealt with in experiments, observations, and researches. Living things mentioned here are unbalanced in classification, as in the case with textbook of compulsory education. Diversity within species and of ecosystems are not adequately provided. As a result of these facts, the way biodiversity is treated are various, and still in transition.
Keywords 生物の多様性 ( Biodiversity (Biological diversity) ) 教科書 (Textbook) 理科総合B (Integrated Science B) 生物教育 (Biological Education)
Publication Title 岡山大学教育実践総合センター紀要
Published Date 2004
Volume volume4
Issue issue1
Start Page 25
End Page 34
ISSN 1346-3705
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313344
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11353
Title Alternative The Analysis of Questionnaires on Familiar Living Things: in the "Study of Science Instruction A" Class in the 4th Quarter of 2003 Academic Year.
FullText URL 004_011_024.pdf
Author Tanaka, Kenji| Tamaki, Ai|
Abstract 平成15年度第4四半期「理科授業研究A」受講生を回答者として、「多様な生物」に関する意識と現行の小中学校理科(生活科を含む)教科書に示されている「身近な生物」の身近さの程度とを問うアンケート調査を実施し、回答結果を分析・考察した。小学校教員になろうとする学生として、例えば、教科書で示されている生物の1/3は身近な生物ではなく、1/5は聴いたことさえない生物であること、また、「生物多様性条約」「生物多様性国家戦略」を誰一人として聴いたことがないことからわかるように、環境教育に関わる新しい課題「生物の多様性」に対処していくために必要な知識や関心があるとは言い難かった。教科書で示されている生物に対する検討だけでなく、教員養成に関しても検討が求められるものである。
Abstract Alternative The survey was conducted in the class of "Study of Science Instruction A." This course was offered by one of the authors (Tanaka) in the 4th quarter of 2003 academic year, to the students who were in the pre-service teacher education program for elementary school. Data were gathered from students on their attitudes, interests, characteristics, etc. of different living things, which were picked out from the science textbooks (including the Life Environmental Studies) of elementary/lower secondary school. The results are as follows. One-third of living things mentioned in textbooks were not so familiar to the respondents. The respondents had never heard of one-fifth of living things mentioned in texbooks. The terms "Convention on Biological Diversity" and "National Biodiversity Strategy of Japan" are totally unknown to all respondents. From these facts, it was found that students don't have sufficient knowledge and interest to cope with the Biodiversity, which one of the challenges for environmental education. Much consideration must be paid not only to the living things in the textbooks, but also to the pre-servicee teacher education program.
Keywords 調査報告 (student surveys) 身近な生物 (familiar living things) 理科教科書 (science textbooks) 小学校教員免許状取得希望者 (students in the pre-service teacher education program)
Publication Title 岡山大学教育実践総合センター紀要
Published Date 2004
Volume volume4
Issue issue1
Start Page 11
End Page 24
ISSN 1346-3705
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313625