JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32859
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Murakami, Shinichiro| Fujino, Hidemi| Takeda, Isao| Momota, Ryusuke| Kumagishi, Kanae| Ohtsuka, Aiji|
Abstract <p>The skeletal muscle is classified into 2 types, slow oxidative or fast glycolytic muscle. For further characterization, we investigated the capillary architecture in slow and fast muscles. The rat soleus and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles were used as representatives of slow and fast muscles, respectively. To investigate capillary density, sections of both types of muscle were stained with alkaline phosphatase;the soleus muscle showed more intense reactivity, indicating that it had a denser capillary structure than the EDL muscle. We then injected fluorescent contrast medium into samples of both muscle types for light and confocal-laser microscopic evaluation. The capillary density and capillary-to-fiber ratio were significantly higher, and the course of the capillaries was more tortuous, in the soleus muscle than in the EDL muscle. Capillary coursed more tortuously in the soleus than in the EDL muscle. Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) activity, an indicator of mitochondrial oxidative capacity, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression were also significantly higher in the soleus muscle. Thus, we conclude that slow oxidative muscle possess a rich capillary structure to provide demanded oxygen, and VEGF might be involved in the formation and/or maintenance of this highly capillarized architecture.</p>
Keywords skeletal muscle capillaly succinate dehydrogenase activity vascular endothelial growth factor
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2010-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume64
Issue issue1
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 11
End Page 18
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 20200579
Web of Science KeyUT 000274868300002