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ID 31636
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Author
Hong, Kui
Kusano, Kengo Fukushima
Morita, Hiroshi
Fujimoto, Yoshihisa
Wang, Xian
Yamanari, Hiroshi
Ohe, Tohru
Abstract

Ischemic preconditioning has been acknowledged as a powerful method of decreasing ischemic injury. However, the antiarrhythmic mechanism of ischemic preconditioning during ischemia is unclear. We studied the effects of ischemic preconditioning on arrhythmias and cardiac electrophysiology during ischemia in Langendorff rat hearts (n = 44). In the non-preconditioned group (PC(-); n = 24), the hearts underwent 5-min zero-flow global ischemia without any prior ischemic preconditioning. In the preconditioned group (PC(+); n = 20), the hearts were preconditioned by three cycles of 3-min zero-flow global ischemia and 5-min reperfusion before undergoing 5-min global ischemia. Ischemic preconditioning reduced the incidence of ischemia-induced arrhythmias (PC(-); 38.9%, PC(+): 8.3%, p < 0.05), shortened monophasic action potential duration (MAPD, P < 0.05), attenuated conduction delay (conduction time; PC(-): 234.2%, PC(+): 173.4%, P < 0.05) and increased the ventricular fibrillation threshold. Although the shortening of MAPD in PC(-) hearts was not influenced by the presence or absence of arrhythmias, conduction time prolongation at 3-min was more obvious in PC(-) hearts with arrhythmia than in PC(-) hearts without arrhythmia (PC(-) with arrhythmia: 220.2%, PC(-) without arrhythmia: 190.7%, P < 0.05). We concluded that ischemic preconditioning could protect the rat hearts from ischemia-induced arrhythmias and postulated that attenuation of conduction delay during ischemia might be an important factor in the antiarrhythmic action of ischemic preconditioning.

Keywords
preconditioning
ischemia
arrhythmia
Amo Type
Article
Published Date
1999-10
Publication Title
Acta Medica Okayama
Volume
volume53
Issue
issue5
Publisher
Okayama University Medical School
Start Page
233
End Page
238
ISSN
0386-300X
NCID
AA00508441
Content Type
Journal Article
language
英語
File Version
publisher
Refereed
True
PubMed ID
Web of Sience KeyUT