JaLCDOI 10.18926/15288
Title Alternative Nursing students' images of the elderly before and after a two-week nursing practice
FullText URL 008_1_085_090.pdf
Author Watanabe, Kumi| Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Niwa| Ikeda, Toshiko| Maeda, Makiko| Ohta, Takeo|
Abstract 2週間の特別養護老人ホームの実習前及び実習後の学生の老人イメージを20項目の尺度を用いて調査した。その結果,以下のことが明らかになった。 1. 実習後のイメージの平均得点は,「ユーモアのない」から「ユーモアのある」へ,「生気のない」から「生気のある」へと好ましい方向へ上昇し,一方「経験に富む」,「穏やかな」,「現実的な」は好ましくない方向へ変化した。 2. 3分の1以上の学生が実習後に特にイメージが変化した項目として「ユーモアのない/ユーモアのある」の項目をあげた。 3. 老人像は全体として「暇な」,「弱い」,「孤独な」という否定的な老人イメージと「経験に富む」,「暖かい」という肯定的イメージで捉えられており,このイメージは実習前後で共通していた。実習前後では全体として老人像に大きな変化はなかったものの,実習によって,より活動的な老人イメージを抱き,より現実的に老人をとらえていることが明らかになり,A園での老人看護学実習は教育上意義のある実習であると評価した。
Abstract Alternative This study investigated how nursing students perceived the elderly living in a nursing home for the elderly. Testing was done both before and after they experienced a two-week nursing practice at the nursing home. Three findings were obtained. (1) The students regarded the elderly not only as more humorous and vital but also less experienced, peaceful, and realistic before than after experiencing the practice. (2) Over a third of the students named humorous/not humorous as an item for which they experienced a marked change in image of the elderly. (3) The students generally regarded the elderly as being experienced, warm, bored, weak, and lonely. The findings indicate that the nursing practice provided the students with an opportunity to form better and realistic images of the elderly.
Keywords 老人 (elderly) イメージ (images) 看護学生 (nursing students) 看護実習 (nursing practice) 看護教育 (nursing education)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1997-09-10
Volume volume8
Issue issue1
Start Page 85
End Page 90
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307362
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11914
Title Alternative The ideas about nursing course of senior high school teachers.
FullText URL 005_047_052.pdf
Author Takabatake, Harumi| Maeda, Makiko| Ohta, Takeo| Kitajima, Kouichi| Kondo, Masuko|
Abstract 近年、4年制大学の増設をはじめとした看護課程における教育の変革が進められつつある。これは質の高い看護の人材を必要とする社会のニーズに応えたものである。著者らはこれらの看護課程に対する意見を、岡山県下の高校で進路指導をしている教師に尋ね、郵送による質問紙法を用いて33名の回答を得た。その結果、以下のことが分かった。1. 51.5%の教師は、看護大学が増えると進学希望者の関心は呼ぶとしており、36.4%は、学生数の一定の増加があるだろうとしている。また、36.4%は教師の立場から看護課程への進学を勧めやすくなると考えている。2. 高校の教師は看護婦不足の理由として労働条件の厳しさを指摘している。3. 高校教師は進路として看護課程を勧める理由を仕事の専門性と奉仕性を多くあげていた。これらは、高等教育化と看護職のイメージの改善の両方が必要であることを示唆している。
Abstract Alternative Currently, improvement of nursing curriculum has been done in Japan, including the establishment of a four year course at universitiy, responding to the social needs for man-power for high quality nursing. A questionnaire survey by mail was done in 1993, to get ideas about the nursing course of high school teachers giving advice to students wishing to go on to university or college. Thirty three high school teachers out of a total of 76 schools in Okayama prefecture responded. The results were as follows; 1, Seventeen teachers (51.5%) answered that the increase of a four year course at university would be an incentive to students. Twelve teachers (36.4%) said that it might increase the number of students choosing the course. And also 12 teachers (36.4%) thought that they could recommend this course to students more easily than before. 2, They pointed out the harsh working conditions as the reason for a shortage of nursing manpower. 3, Their reasons why they recommend the nursing course to students were firstly the specialty and secondly devotion to people.
Keywords 看護婦イメージ 看護教育 (Nursing education) 高校教師 (Teachers of senior high school) Nursing carriculum
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1995-01-31
Volume volume5
Start Page 47
End Page 52
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313898
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11912
Title Alternative Images of nurses by senior high school students wishing to go on to the nursing course
FullText URL 005_037_045.pdf
Author Maeda, Makiko| Takabatake, Harumi| Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Takeo| Kitajima, Koichi|
Abstract 本研究では、看護課程志望の高校生が看護職に対してどのようなイメージを持っているのか、看護教育機関の希望や将来の看護職種の希望は看護職に対するイメージと関係があるのかを明らかにしたいと考えた。岡山県下の全ての高校に在学中の看護課程志望高校生に対して、質問紙調査をおこなった。222名から回答が得られ、分析を行った結果、以下のことが明らかになった。1)看護課程志望高校生は看護職に対して非常に良いイメージを持っており、同時に労働条件の厳しさも理解していた。その良いイメージとは、看護職の持つ尊さや献身性に由来する自負心と、資格のもつ現実的利点であった。しかし、看護職の専門性を表す、高度な知識・判断・技術、生涯教育の必要性の認識は低かった。2)短大・大学を志望する高校生は、看護学校・准看護学校志望者に比べ、看護職は生涯教育を必要とするとイメージしていた。3)看護婦、保健婦、助産婦のどの職種を希望するかによって、看護職に対するイメージに違いがあった。
Abstract Alternative A qusetionnaire survey was done by senior high school students wishing to go on to the nursing course in Okayama Prefecture, to know what images of nurses they had, what course for nursing education they wished to best for and what they would like nursing profession to be. Results of analysing data obtained from 222 students were as follows; 1. They had favorable images of nurses in high rates, although they also recognized the harsh working conditions. Those images were thought to be derived from the preciousness of nursing, devotion to people, and advantage of the license. But recognition of specialty of nursing indicated by items such as knowledge, judgement, skill and continuing education was low. 2. Necessity of continuing education was recognized by students wishing to go on to university or junior college better than students of vocational school of registered and assistant nurses. 3. Images of nurses were different by their choice of profession such as clinical nurses, public health nurses and midwives which they would like to be in the future.
Keywords 看護職に対するイメージ (images of nurses) 高校生 (senior high school students) 看護課程 (nursing course) 看護職種 (nursing profession)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1995-01-31
Volume volume5
Start Page 37
End Page 45
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313845
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11910
Title Alternative Self-evaluation ability of nursing college students on basic nursing care technics
FullText URL 005_029_035.pdf
Author Ohi, Nobuko| Kondou, Masuko| Ikeda, Toshiko| Tokunaga, Junko| Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Maeda, Makiko| Takabatake, Harumi| Takata, Setuko|
Abstract 我々は、基礎看護技術の2回の実技試験の結果より、学生の自己評価能力について検討した。1. 2回の実技試験共、学生の自己評価点は教官評価より、約1点高かった。2. 2回目の実技試験の方が、自己評価と教官評価の一致率の高い者が有意に多かった。3. 3分の1の学生が、2回の試験共過大評価の方が多かった。4. 高い一致率を示した評価項目の多くは、評価の視点が明確な動作のものであった。5. 低い一致率を示した評価項目の多くは、評価の視点が判断を必要とするものであった。
Abstract Alternative We studied about self-evaluation ability of the nursing collge students based on two times test on basic nursing care technics. The self-evalution of the students was approximately one point higher than the evaluation of their instractors in the both tests. In the second test, the seif-evaluation of the students coincided in the higher rate with the evaluation of their instructors than in the first test. One-third of the students over-estimated their own basic nursing skills. The item of the evaluation in the high coincidente rate suggests that the evaluation was clear. On the other hand, most of the item of the evaluation in the low rate of coincidence rate sugests that the view point of the evaluation was needed more considerration.
Keywords 自己評価 (self-evaluation) 基礎看護技術 (basic nursing care) 実技試験 nursing college student
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1995-01-31
Volume volume5
Start Page 29
End Page 35
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313546
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11904
Title Alternative A Study of community nursing Practice of basic nursing educaition curriculum - Analysis of practice repord by student nurses -
FullText URL 005_009_015.pdf
Author Ono, Tsuruko| Ohta, Takeo| Maeda, Makiko| Takabatake, Harumi|
Abstract 地域看護実習は、地域における看護の役割を理解することを主なねらいとして、保健所で実習を行っているが、保健所実習が地域看護実習の目標を達成しているかは否かを、学生の実習記録を分析し検討した。80%以上の学生が体験している実習内容は、家庭訪問、集団検診、共同作業所、健康相談等である。実習目標の記載状況は「実習項目別実習記録」及び実習全体のまとめ「総括」の記載内容から抽出し分析した。目標記載率70%以上であった実習項目は、実習目標①(地域の人々の生活及び健康問題の理解)は共同作業所、グループ指導、家庭訪問であり、目標②(保健サービスの実態の理解)では家庭訪問であった。また「総括」では目標②の記載率が高く、目標③(地域の看護活動の実態を学ぶ)の記載率67%と予測に反して高くなかった。今後地域看護、継続看護に関する講義のあり方を含めて、地域看護実習の位置づけを再検討する必要がある。
Abstract Alternative Practice reports at the health center for 1 week written by 152 student nurses were analysed to know wether they achieved their goal of the course for community nursing or not. More than 80% students attended at home visits, mass health examination, common workshops for mentally disordered persons and health counsclling. Practice for understanding peoples'lives and health problems in the community were well achieved in practice at the common workshop, group guidance and home visit. They understood about health care and servicesin the community through home visits. Their comprehension of role of the community nursing was not so sufficient as expected for mark of curriculum.
Keywords 地域看護実習 (community nursing practice) 保健所実習 (practice at public health center) 実習目標 (goal of the course for community nursing) 看護基礎教育課程 (basic narsing education curriculum)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1995-01-31
Volume volume5
Start Page 9
End Page 15
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313788
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11898
Title Alternative An Experiment of the discovery study system in basic nursing technique in intramural practice -Help of eating and excreting-
FullText URL 004_121_124.pdf
Author Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Kondo, Masuko| Ikeda, Toshiko| Tokunaga, Junko| Oi, Nobuko| Maeda, Makiko| Takata, Setuko|
Abstract The content of nursing education and the effective ways of studying nursing have been investigated by teachers of nursing. Therefore, in the lesson of "Basic Nursing Technique" did we examine the educational way in which the students' will to study nursing can be heightened and the students are able to work independently and creatively. we focused on the educational way which adopted the discovery study system in the lessons of "Help of Eating" and "Help of Excreting". From the viewpoint of the students' intention to study and their work, the effect of this educational way was researched according to their self-appreciation. As a result, the following four points were made clear by the introduction of the discovery study system. (1) The students could cooperate more easily in studying nursing. (2) The students' interest in nursing was heightened more than before. (3) The students could enhance their will to study nursing and work independently. (4) The items of "Sense of Purpose" and "Ingenuity" were less evaluaoed than the other items.
Keywords 発見学習 食事の援助 排泄の援助 体験学習 教育効果
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1994-01-31
Volume volume4
Start Page 121
End Page 124
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313644
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11888
Title Alternative A new scale for student nurses to rate image of the elderly
FullText URL 004_083_087.pdf
Author Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Niwa| Ikeda, Toshiko| Maeda, Makiko| Nagata, Hiroshi| Ohta, Takeo|
Abstract Our prior scale for student nurses to rate image of the elderly is inadequate both in number of items used and in exaustiveness of possible images they have. This study attempts to construct a new rating scale by decreasing the number of the previous items and by incorporrating pertinent novel items. A new scale reported here consisits of 20 items, with 15 items being determined through a factor analysisi of the previous 38 items and 5 items being selected after a survey of relevant studies.
Keywords 老人看護 学生実習 老人イメージ尺度 因子分析
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1994-01-31
Volume volume4
Start Page 83
End Page 87
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313451
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11851
Title Alternative Changes of Student Nurses' views and Images of the Elderly before and after Practicing at Nursing Homes
FullText URL 003_105_113.pdf
Author Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Niwa| Ikeda, Toshiko| Maeda, Makiko| Ito, Hisae| Ohta, Takeo|
Abstract A questionnaire survey was done by 76 third year-students of the nursing course before and after practicing at the two nursing homes in 1989. The same questions about their views and images of the aged person were given twice and compared. Question to image consists of 38 paired items respectively opposed to be rated on a seven-point scale. The results showed that their views and images had changed from idealistic to realistic as a result of their practices. These were some differences found in these changes by the home and the period of practice.
Keywords 老人看護 学生実習 老人観 老人イメージ
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 105
End Page 113
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313390
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11817
Title Alternative Changes in role perception for breast cancer patients with children
FullText URL 007_2_189_199.pdf
Author Maeda, Makiko| Sato, Reiko|
Abstract アイデンティティの確立していない子供をもつ壮年期女性の乳癌発病後の役割意識の変化を、病者役割の受け入れと母親役割意識に焦点を当てて、質的帰納的に分析した。役割意識の変化は、母親役割意識と病者役割意識の関係から6群に分類され、母親役割意識内容に特徴があり、群によって乳癌のもたらす意味が異なった。乳癌のもたらす意味は、母親役割葛藤群では母親としての自己を脅かすもの、母親役割拡大群では母親役割維持のために克服するもの、母親役割目覚め群では母親役割の中に取り込み共存するもの、母親役割成長群では母親としての成長を促すチャンスとなるもの、自己改革群では自己自身の生き方を問うもの、変化なし群では簡単に乗り越えられるものであった。また病者役割の受け入れに葛藤を有する母親役割意識は、葛藤の特徴から、母親役割の強要による葛藤、代替不可能な母親役割の脅かしによる葛藤、乳房喪失による葛藤、子供への悪影響による葛藤、死を自覚した母親役割の葛藤の5つの葛藤を有する母親役割意識に分類された。以上から、子供を持つ乳癌患者に対する看護のあり方は、1)病状を正しく認識するための援助、2)患者の役割意識を考慮した援助、3)外来通院時の積極的働きかけの3点を重視する必要がある。
Abstract Alternative This study examined the changes in role perception experienced by breast cancer patients with children, analyzing how they accepted themselves as a sick person and how they perceived themselves as a mother. Data were collected by an interview and analyzed by qualitative and inductive methods. Finding showed six types of changes in role perception, with each type containing a particular meaning for the patients. Five types of maternal role perception were also found specifically for the mothers suffering conflicts in accepting their sick role. These findings indicate that nurses should take due consideration when providing adequate care to their breast cancer patients.
Keywords 役割意識 (role perception) 母親役割 (maternal role) 病者役割 (sick role) 壮年期乳癌患者 (breast cancer patients)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1997-01-31
Volume volume7
Issue issue2
Start Page 189
End Page 199
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313727
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11751
Title Alternative Nursing students' perception of their acquired basic skills in nursing practices : a comparison between a new and an old curriculum
FullText URL 006_047_053.pdf
Author Maeda, Makiko| Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Niwa| Ikeda, Toshiko| Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Takabatake, Harumi| Ohi, Nobuko| Takata, Setuko|
Abstract 平成2年度改正の新カリキュラムで学んだ学生と旧カリキュラムで学んで学生間に、卒業時の基礎看護技術の到達度に違いがあるかを明らかにするために、看護技術の基本的要素、日常生活の援助技術、診療時の援助技術の49項目の到達度について、3年制課程の3年生に質問紙調査を行った。対象者全体では、到達度の上位10位以内に日常生活の援助技術項目の37%が含まれ、到達度の下位10位以内に診療時の援助技術項目の37%が含まれていた。新カリキュラム群と旧カリキュラム群の比較では、21項目に有意差があった。新カリキュラム群の高い15項目は日常生活の援助技術と看護技術の基本的要素に関するものが多く、旧カリキュラム群が高い6項目は診療時の援助技術が多かった。カリキュラム改正に関係なく、日常生活の援助技術の到達度は高く診療時の援助技術は低い傾向にあったが、カリキュラム改正後はその傾向が強まり、さらに看護技術の基本的要素の到達度はカリキュラム改正後に比較的高くなっていることが明らかになった。新カリキュラムでは臨地実習時間を削減しているが、基礎教育で重視する日常生活の援助技術と看護技術の基本的要素は習得できていると考えられる。
Abstract Alternative A revision was made in a nursing curriculum in 1990. This study examined nursing students' perceived level of acquired 49 basic skills in nursing practices consisting of 11 basal elements of nursing skill, 19 skills in helping patients' daily activities, and 19 skills required in medical situations, comparing students receiving a new curriculum with those receiving an old one. Findings showed that in the rank ordering of all items from the best acquired to the least, collapsed across the two groups of students, 37% of the upper 10 items cocerned the skills in helping patients' daily activities, while 37% of the bottom 10 items concerned the skills required in medical situation. The students receiving the new curriculum perceived themselves better than those reseiving the old one for 15 items that were related with the basal elements of nursing skill and the skills in helping patients' daily activities, while the 6 items in the skills required in medical situations were perceived to be better acquired for the latter than the former students. The finding suggest that the new curriculum produced students who perceive themselves to be better achievers in the basic skills in nursing practices.
Keywords 基礎看護技術 (the basic skills in nursing practices) 到達度の学生評価 (students' perception of their acquirement) カリキュラム改正 (curriculum revision)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1996-02-29
Volume volume6
Start Page 47
End Page 53
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313682