JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54189
FullText URL 70_2_103.pdf
Author Mu Mu Shwe| Hlaing Myat Thu| Khin Saw Aye| Aye Aye Myint| Mya Thida| Khin Shwe Mar| Khin Khin Oo| Khin Sandar Aye| Shigeru Okada| Kyaw Zin Thant|
Abstract Molecular and epidemiologic investigations suggest a causal role for human papillomavirus (HPV) in anogenital cancers. This study identified oncogenic HPV genotypes in anogenital cancers among men and women in a 2013 cross-sectional descriptive study in Myanmar. In total, 100 biopsy tissues of histologically confirmed anogenital cancers collected in 2008-2012 were studied, including 30 penile and 9 anal cancers from Yangon General Hospital and 61 vulvar cancers from Central Women's Hospital, Yangon. HPV-DNA testing and genotyping were performed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Overall, 34% of anogenital cancers were HPV-positive. HPV was found in 44.4% of anal (4/9), 36.1% of vulvar (22/61), and 26.7% of penile (8/30) cancers. The most frequent genotypes in anal cancers were HPV 16 (75%) and 18 (25%). In vulvar cancers, HPV 33 was most common (40.9%), followed by 16 (31.8%), 31 (22.7%), and 18 (4.6%). In penile cancers, HPV 16 (62.5%) was most common, followed by 33 (25%) and 18 (12.5%). This is the first report of evidencebased oncogenic HPV genotypes in anogenital cancers among men and women in Myanmar. This research provides valuable information for understanding the burden of HPV-associated cancers of the anus, penis, and vulva and considering the effectiveness of prophylactic HPV vaccination.
Keywords human papillomavirus (HPV) ano-genital cancer Myanmar genotyping of HPV cross-sectional study
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2016-04
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue2
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 103
End Page 110
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27094835
Web of Science KeyUT 000377626300005