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ID 32859
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Author
Murakami, Shinichiro
Fujino, Hidemi
Takeda, Isao
Kumagishi, Kanae
Abstract

The skeletal muscle is classified into 2 types, slow oxidative or fast glycolytic muscle. For further characterization, we investigated the capillary architecture in slow and fast muscles. The rat soleus and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles were used as representatives of slow and fast muscles, respectively. To investigate capillary density, sections of both types of muscle were stained with alkaline phosphatase;the soleus muscle showed more intense reactivity, indicating that it had a denser capillary structure than the EDL muscle. We then injected fluorescent contrast medium into samples of both muscle types for light and confocal-laser microscopic evaluation. The capillary density and capillary-to-fiber ratio were significantly higher, and the course of the capillaries was more tortuous, in the soleus muscle than in the EDL muscle. Capillary coursed more tortuously in the soleus than in the EDL muscle. Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) activity, an indicator of mitochondrial oxidative capacity, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression were also significantly higher in the soleus muscle. Thus, we conclude that slow oxidative muscle possess a rich capillary structure to provide demanded oxygen, and VEGF might be involved in the formation and/or maintenance of this highly capillarized architecture.

Keywords
skeletal muscle
capillaly
succinate dehydrogenase activity
vascular endothelial growth factor
Amo Type
Original Article
Published Date
2010-02
Publication Title
Acta Medica Okayama
Volume
volume64
Issue
issue1
Publisher
Okayama University Medical School
Start Page
11
End Page
18
ISSN
0386-300X
NCID
AA00508441
Content Type
Journal Article
language
英語
File Version
publisher
Refereed
True
PubMed ID
Web of Sience KeyUT