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ID 53910
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Author
Okada, Yukimasa
Tanaka, Takaaki
Fujii, Masataka
Abe, Nobuhiro
Abstract
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a potential complication occurring after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We investigated the incidence of VTE after TKA using contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT), and assessed the efficacy of VTE prophylaxis (fondaparinux and enoxaparin). At our hospital, 189 patients (225 knees) underwent TKA between April 2007 and October 2011. The 225 knees were divided into a control group with no VTE prophylaxis (31 cases), a fondaparinux group (107 cases), and an enoxaparin group (87 cases). Contrast-enhanced CT screening for VTE was performed in all cases on day 5 or 6 after TKA. D-dimer levels were measured on day 5 after TKA, and were significantly lower in the fondaparinux (9.8±3.8) and enoxaparin groups (9.4±4.9) than in the control group (15.6±9.8) (p<0.001). However, no statistically significant difference in the incidence of VTE was observed among the groups (control, 61.3%;fondaparinux, 49.5%;enoxaparin, 50.6%). Prophylaxis was not effective for the prevention of VTE as detected by contrast-enhanced CT after TKA. CT should be performed after TKA, even when VTE prophylaxis is used.
Keywords
venous thromboembolism
contrast-enhanced computed tomography
total knee arthroplasty
fondaparinux
enoxaparin
Amo Type
Original Article
Published Date
2015-12
Publication Title
Acta Medica Okayama
Volume
volume69
Issue
issue6
Publisher
Okayama University Medical School
Start Page
355
End Page
359
ISSN
0386-300X
NCID
AA00508441
Content Type
Journal Article
language
英語
Copyright Holders
CopyrightⒸ 2015 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version
publisher
Refereed
True
PubMed ID
Web of Sience KeyUT