Herein, we report a novel method for the determination of polyamines in a sample extracted from Arabidopsis thaliana by capillary electrophoresis (CE) using salicylaldehyde-5-sulfonate (SAS) as a derivatizing reagent. An aldehyde group of SAS forms a Schiff base with amino groups of aliphatic polyamines, resulting in an anionic species with an absorption band in the ultraviolet region. The derivatization method was straightforward since the derivatives were formed by mixing a sample with the derivatizing reagent at a neutral pH. In addition, the negative charges induced by SAS led to a high resolution with a short analysis time. This method permitted the separation of five polyamines, which play important roles in plants. However, further improvement in sensitivity was needed for the determination of the polyamines in plant samples. Therefore, the CE method was coupled with solid-phase extraction (SPE) using an ion-pairing formation with sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate. The SPE method improved the concentration limits of detection to sub-μM levels, which corresponded with a 10-fold enhancement. The calibration curves for cadaverine, putrescine, and spermidine were linear with concentrations that ranged from 1 to 20 μM and correlation coefficients (R2) were greater than 0.998. The proposed method was applied to the determination of spermidine in a plant sample, Arabidopsis thaliana.
©The Royal Society of Chemistry 2013
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