JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/53025
FullText URL 68_6_363.pdf
Author Ota, Seisuke| Hiramatsu, Yasushi| Kondo, Eisei| Kasahara, Akinori| Takada, Saimon| Umena, Sachio| Noguchi, Toshio| Tanimoto, Mitsune| Matsumura, Tadashi|
Abstract Leukocytosis is occasionally seen in patients with presumptive but undiagnosed myeloproliferative disorders (MPD). A 74-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for tarry stools, anemia, and marked peripheral leukocytosis of 1.4×10<sup>5</sup>/μL. Gastroenteroscopy revealed an acute gastric and duodenal mucosal lesion that was treated successfully via endoscopic hemoclipping. Bone marrow aspiration revealed marked megakaryocyte proliferation with atypia of naked nuclei and marrow hypercellularity (90% cellularity). A fluorescence in situ hybridization test could not detect the BCR-ABL fusion gene. Bone marrow aspiration later revealed further abnormalities of megakaryocytes. The patient died from cerebral bleeding. The present case fulfilled 2 of the 3 major criteria of primary myelofibrosis according to the World Health Organization 2008 classification:namely, megakaryocytic hyperplasia with hypercellular marrow and granulocytic hyperplasia. However, the megakaryocytic abnormality was not strictly compatible with the criteria. Instead, we considered prefibrotic primary myelofibrosis as a possibility, although myelodysplastic syndrome/myeloproliferative neoplasm, unclassifiable (MDS/MPN-U) was technically the correct diagnosis. The present case shows that MPN diagnosis remains difficult and suggests that other cases of peripheral leukocytosis with diagnosed MDS/MPN-U might include similar findings.
Keywords prefibrotic primary myelofibrosis leukocytosis anemia acute gastric mucosal lesion multiple cerebral hemorrhages
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2014-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume68
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 363
End Page 368
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2014 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 25519030
Web of Sience KeyUT 000346882200006