JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/49041
FullText URL 66_6_449.pdf
Author Hanayama, Yoshihisa| Uchida, Haruhito Adam| Nakamura, Yoshio| Makino, Hirofumi|
Abstract Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are the first-line antihypertensive agents. In clinical practice, it is often difficult to achieve the recommended blood pressure level by ARBs in their ordinal dosages alone. This study examined the practical efficacy of a combination therapy of ARB with thiazide diuretics for lowering morning home blood pressure (MHBP) in comparison to high-dose ARB therapy in patients with morning hypertension administered an ordinal dosage of ARB. This study was performed in a prospective, randomized, open-labeled and blind-endpoint fashion. Patients were considered to have morning hypertension when their self-measured systolic MHBPs were 135mmHg or higher, irrespective of their diastolic MHBP and office blood pressures (OBPs). Forty-eight outpatients with morning hypertension receiving the ordinal dosage of ARB were given either losartan/hydrochlorothiazide (n=26) or high-dose ARB (n=22) in place of their previously prescribed ARB. No change in any medication was permitted during this period. Decreases of both systolic and diastolic MHBP after 3 months of treatment were significantly greater in the losartan/hydrochlorothiazide group than in the high-dose ARB group (p<0.05, respectively). The ratio of adverse events was somewhat high (23.1% in the losartan/hydrochlorothiazide group, 9.1% in the high-dose ARB group, respectively). However, there were no significant differences in any particular adverse event between groups. This study suggested losartan/hydrochlorothiazide might be superior to high-dose ARB for reducing morning home blood pressure.
Keywords losartan hydrochlorothiazide morning blood pressure angiotensin II hyperuricemia
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2012-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume66
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 449
End Page 459
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 23254579
Web of Sience KeyUT 000312966100004
Related Url http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/49736