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ID 30864
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Author
Uchida, Susumu
Sakagami, Kenichi
Orita, Kunzo
Abstract

We investigated the effects of fractionated sera obtained from cancer patients by double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) plus antitumor agents on murine pulmonary metastasis. Fractions of the sera, in combination with natural human tumor necrosis factors (nTNF) and cyclophosphamide (Cy), were systemically administered to Lewis lung carcinoma-bearing mice. When the second filtrate (a plasma fraction containing substances composed of smaller molecular weight compounds) combined with low-dose nTNF (1,000 U/kg) and Cy (250 micrograms/kg) was administered to the mice, the degree of metastasis was significantly suppressed compared with the control group (p less than 0.01). In contrast, the discarded fluid (a plasma fraction containing larger molecular weight compounds) combined with the same doses of nTNF and Cy caused little inhibition of metastasis. Also, the discarded fluid significantly suppressed natural killer activity compared with normal sera (p less than 0.01). The results suggested that DFPP combined with nTNF and Cy is an efficient procedure to remove immunosuppressive factors from the sera of cancer-bearing hosts, to enhance the host antitumor immunity, and to suppress tumor proliferation.

Keywords
double filtration plasmapheresis
serum fractions
tumor necrosis factors
cyclophosphamide
synergistic effect
Amo Type
Article
Published Date
1989-12
Publication Title
Acta Medica Okayama
Volume
volume43
Issue
issue6
Publisher
Okayama University Medical School
Start Page
337
End Page
344
ISSN
0386-300X
NCID
AA00508441
Content Type
Journal Article
language
英語
File Version
publisher
Refereed
True
PubMed ID
Web of Sience KeyUT