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Chinese ant extract preparations (CAEP) are a Chinese traditional medicine which is mainly used as a health food or drink for the treatment of rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic hepatitis, sexual hypofunction, and antiaging in China. The effects on free radicals were examined by electron spin resonance spectrometry using the spin trapping agent 5.5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-1-oxide (DMPO). Superoxide radicals (3.35 x 10(15) spins/ml) were quenched 50% by the extract at 0.5 mg/ml. The CAEP extract at 0.7 mg/ml inhibited 50% of hydroxyl radicals (52.0 x 10(15) spins/ml) generated by the Fenton reaction. Against DPPH radical, the scavenging action of CAEP was observed at 1.8 mg/ml of the extract and 50% of the DPPH radicals (8.14 x 10(15) spins/ml) were quenched. In vitro tests showed that CAEP inhibited the production of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, an index of lipid peroxidation, in rat brain homogenate.
free radical scavenger
Acta Medica Okayama
Okayama University Medical School
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