JaLCDOI 10.18926/15404
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_2_41.pdf
Author Prokop Jiri| Myojin Sho|
Abstract The fundamental objective of this paper is to aggregate and establish a set of practical principles, guidelines, and procedures to clarify and improve classification yard design and to enhance the efficiency of the design process. The paper primarily addresses theoretical and technical aspects of hump yard height and grade design, placement of the switches and the retarders. It attempts to compile and document yard design procedures, based on the Theory of Energy Head and Energy Loss. This procedures are applicable to the design of new yards, rehabilitation of the existing yards of different types and sizes including manually operated as well as highly automated classification yards.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1993-03-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue2
Start Page 41
End Page 58
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307241
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15402
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_2_27.pdf
Author Totsuji, Hiroo| Kishimoto, Tokunari| Totsuji, Chieko|
Abstract The behavior of the Yukawa system in external one-dimensional force fields is analyzed by the molecular dynamics simulation. The formation of layered structures at low temperatures is observed and the relation between the number of layers and characteristic parameters of the system is obtained. Since the Yukawa system serves as a model of clouds of dust particles in plasmas (dusty plasma) which play an important role in plasma processes of semiconductor engineering, the results may be useful to control the quality of semiconductor wafers in such processes. In simulations, periodic boundary conditions are imposed in two dimensions and deformations of periodic boundaries are allowed in order to reduce the effect of boundaries without giving too much constraint on the symmetry.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1996-03-29
Volume volume30
Issue issue2
Start Page 27
End Page 37
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307582
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15401
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_2_21.pdf
Author Tachibana Hiroyuki| Totsuji, Hiroo|
Abstract In order to apply quantum waveguides to electronic devices, we calculate the electrostatic potential in the split-gate quantum wire and establish the relation between the electrostatic potential and the square well potential which is usually assumed in simulations of these waveguides. The height and width of the square well potential are expressed as simple functions of the gate voltage and their dependencies are clarified. The results may be useful in calculating the characteristics of electronic devices based on quantum waveguides as functions of controllable parameters such as gate voltage.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1996-03-29
Volume volume30
Issue issue2
Start Page 21
End Page 25
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307620
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15399
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_2_1.pdf
Author Kajihara, Yasuhiro| Osaki, Hirokazu|
Abstract Precedence relation in assembly has been determined by experience only. Now, an expert system is developed for determining such precedence relation. The conjugate states of the units of a product are shown in face frames and unit frames following the frame model. Seven rules are formulated. They consider geometrical interference of units, and make the precedence relation enable operation time to be shorter, and the number of JIG and substandards to be smaller. These rules are programized by computer language(PROLOG).
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1993-03-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue2
Start Page 1
End Page 9
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307210
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15396
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_1_81.pdf
Author Abe, Hirofumi|
Abstract This paper aims to examine the impact of JR (Japan Railways) Seto Ohashi Line on residential land value. First, the study examines the trends in land value in the area along JR Seto Ohashi Line by applying the area comparison method. The method estimates the effect of JR Seto Ohashi Line on residential land value by comparing land values between the study area and the Okayama Metropolitan Area. Second, the property value method is applied to measure the effect of railroad construction. The effect is estimated with a residential land-value regression, which is calibrated using land value data along the Seto Ohashi Line. Finally, the results are compared with the empirical studies in the Greater Tokyo Region, and various features of the impact of railroad construction on land value are identified.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-11-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue1
Start Page 81
End Page 92
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307856
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15392
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_1_45.pdf
Author Kagawa, Naoki| Wada, Osami| Hai, Xu| Koga, Ryuji| Sano, Hiroya| Inubushi, Kazuyuki|
Abstract A prototype device based on the tunable diode laser absorption spectrometry was constructed and the atmospheric methane concentration near the terrain in a rice paddy field was measured. An open optical path of 50 m length was employed along with a PbSnTe diode laser. Diurnal change of methane density with 30 seconds temporal resolution was recorded associated with meteorological parameters. A feasibility was proven for a practical application for in situ study of atmospheric methane.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-11-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue1
Start Page 45
End Page 53
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307877
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15390
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_1_27.pdf
Author Hirashima Masao| Inaba, Hideo|
Abstract Heating and refrigerating technique such as snow melting of road and cold storage by utilizing temperature difference between underground soil and atmosphere is widely used[1-4] in a cold area. In the 1st Report, heat transfer characteristics of two phase closed thermosiphon for extracting geothermal energy is studied fundamentally. In the empirical study, heat extract rate is measured in connection with the change of atmospheric temperature utilizing real two thermosiphons on the site. Temperature distribution on the surface of the thermosiphon and underground soil around it is also measured. Based on the data of the empirical experiment, it is confirmed that prevention of freezing for fire hydrant can be achieved by geothermal heat utilizing two phase closed thermosiphon. Present paper describes the heat transfer behavior of the thermosiphon as the 2nd report.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-11-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue1
Start Page 27
End Page 32
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307336
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15389
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_121.pdf
Author Kuk Hun| Tanino, Tetsuzo| Tanaka, Masahiro|
Abstract In this paper we provide some theoretical results on stability and sensitivity analysis in convex vector optimization. Given a family of parametrized vector optimization problems, the perturbation maps are defined as the set-valued map which associates to each parameter value the set of minimal points (properly minimal points, weakly minimal points) of the perturbed feasible set with respect to an ordering convex cone. Sufficient conditions for the upper and lower semicontinuity of the perturbations map are obtained. We also provide quantitative properties of the perturbation maps under some convexity assumptions.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1995-12-28
Volume volume30
Issue issue1
Start Page 121
End Page 131
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307414
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15388
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_1_11.pdf
Author Hirashima Masao| Inaba, Hideo|
Abstract To prevent freezing of road and aquaduct by extracting geothermal heat with two phase closed thermosiphon has been widely used in a cold area. Both heat transfer characteristics in the underground soil and function of the thermosiphon to extract geothermal heat have to be made clear for the purpose of the above system. This study is directed for the purpose to prevent freezing of fire hydrant and composed of the fundamental experiment and the empirical experiment. In the fundamental study, heat transfer behavior is studied experimentally in the small size filling bath representing the underground soil layer. After recording temperature distribution, heat transfer coefficient is measured, they are proceeded into the correlation between the dimensionless number of Nusselt, Rayleigh and Fourier. The fundamental study is described as the first report.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-11-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue1
Start Page 11
End Page 26
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307419
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15387
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_2_9.pdf
Author Sakakibara, Akira| Kanadani, Teruto|
Abstract Fatigue strength of Al-Cu alloy was examined by a repeated tensile mode when the specimens were aged and reversion annealed. The specimen quenched from 723K and aged fully around room temperature showed fatigue strength which depended on the existence of soft layer, while the specimen quenched from 723K and aged in the same way showed fatigue strength independent of the existence of the soft layer. Fatigue strength of the specimen, of which the soft surface layer was removed, was the same for either quenching temperature. Fatigue strength became higher when the soft surface layer was thickened with reversion annealing for 600s at 323K after aging. The soft surface layer was thought to increase fatigue strength of the aged Al-Cu alloy as well as Al-Zn alloy.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1996-03-29
Volume volume30
Issue issue2
Start Page 9
End Page 13
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307694
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15386
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_111.pdf
Author Ye Ju| Tanaka, Masahiro| Tanino, Tetsuzo|
Abstract Mutation is one of the important operators in genetic algorithm. In traditional genetic algorithm, mutation is activated stochastically. In this way it is unknown and cannot be controlled for which individuals to be mutated. Therefore, it is unavoidable that some good individuals are destroyed by mutation and then the evolutionary efficiency of the genetic algorithm is dampened. Owing to this kind of destructivity of mutation, the operator of mutation has to be limited within a very small probability, and the potentiality of mutation is consequently limited. In this paper, we present an evolutionary chain-based mutation and a control strategy of reasonable competition, in which the heuristic information provided by the evaluation function is well utilized. This method avoids the blindness of stochastic mutation. The performance improved in this method is shown by two examples, a fuzzy modeling for the identification of a nonlinear function and a typical combinatorial optimization problem-the traveling salesman problem.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1995-12-28
Volume volume30
Issue issue1
Start Page 111
End Page 120
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307635
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15385
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_1_1.pdf
Author Uno, Yoshiyuki| Kubota, Shin-ichiro| Nakajima, Toshikatsu| Ogata, Kojiro| Tada, Nobuhiko|
Abstract Direct patterning of copper coated ceramic circuit board is experimentally investigated with Q-switched Nd:YAG laser in order to shorten the time of the trial manufacture of electronic circuit board and to adapt the flexible design change. It is pointed out that the fast direct patterning the speed of which reaches about 100 mm/s is possible if the repetition frequency and the average power are selected properly. Furthermore cutting off and/or drilling of ceramic board are also possible under the condition that the repetition frequency is less than 3kHz. This technique makes it possible the mask1ess patterning of ceramic circuit board which has been widely used recently in place of conventional glass-epoxy or phenolic resin circuit board, and it leads to the shorter time limit of delivery as compared with the conventional end-milling method.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-11-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue1
Start Page 1
End Page 10
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307702
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15384
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_99.pdf
Author Wang, Ming| Wada, Osami| Koga, Ryuji|
Abstract A cylindric mirror was used, in place of a parabolic mirror, to collimate the crescent blue laser beam radiated from the Cerenkov SHG in channel waveguide configuration. The cylindric mirror radius is requested to be twice the focal length of the parabolic mirror. The focusing effect of the cylindric mirror in collimation can be compensated by slightly lifting the mirror in its normal direction. Under the condition that the mirror was declined by 5.56° and lifted by 25 μm, we got the collimated beam with divergence angle less than 1.3 mrad. In the focusing experiment, the collimated beam was focused with spotsize of 1.8 μm. The details on the analysis and experiment are reported.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1995-12-28
Volume volume30
Issue issue1
Start Page 99
End Page 110
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307418
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15383
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_89.pdf
Author Totsuji, Chieko| Sanaka Yoshiaki| Totsuji, Hiroo|
Abstract Based on the tight-binding method, electronic bands of the mixed perovskite oxides are calculated in order to develop the electronic theory of ferroelectric phase transitions in these mixtures which are difficult to describe within the phenomenological theories. Diagonal elements of Hamiltonian matrix of parent materials are assumed to differ by 0.1eV and mixtures are simulated by lattices of supercells containing 2(3) = 8 or 3(3) = 27 unit cells randomly assigned to either material. The width of the conduction and valence bands have maxima and the band gap has a minimum at intermediate mixing ratio. Results are in agreement with those of other analyses on random systems and even 2(3)-cell computation seems to serve as a first approximation for our purpose.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1995-12-28
Volume volume30
Issue issue1
Start Page 89
End Page 97
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307957
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15382
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_35_207.pdf
Author Nakanishi, Toru| Fujiwara Toru|
Abstract In the group signature scheme with a trusted party, a verifier can determine whether or not a signature is made by a member of the group, but cannot identify the member who signed the signature. In case of dispute later on, the signer can be identified by the trusted party. However, for efficient group signature schemes proposed so far, removing a member from the group can be not efficiently performed. In this paper, a group signature scheme with an easy membership canceling is proposed. By sending a request to use a resource together with the group signature on it to the manager of the resource, the manager can control anonymous accesses to the resource. In such an application, the proposed group signature scheme is suitable for canceling of the access privilege.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2001-03-27
Volume volume35
Issue issue1-2
Start Page 207
End Page 212
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307232
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15380
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_35_197.pdf
Author Nogami, Yasuyuki| Morikawa, Yoshitaka|
Abstract Modern communication engineerings, such as elliptic curve cryptographies, often requires algebra on finite extension field defined by modulus arithmetic with an irreducible polynomial. This paper provides a new method to detemine the minimal (irreducible) polynomial of a given proper element in finite extension field. In the conventional determination method, as we have to solve the simultaneous equations, the computation is very involved. In this paper, the well known "trace" is extended to higher degree traces. Using the new traces, we yield the coefficient formula of the desired minimal polynomial. The new method becomes very simple without solving the simultaneous equations, and about twice faster than the conventional method in computation speed.
Keywords finite field minimal polynomial irreducible polynomial higher degree trace trace cryptography
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2001-03-27
Volume volume35
Issue issue1-2
Start Page 197
End Page 205
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307992
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15379
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_63.pdf
Author Koshimoto Marcos| Mahmood Zaheed| Kagawa, Yukio|
Abstract Optical fibers or integrated optical waveguides have arbitrary cross-sectional index or refraction distribution. An efficient finite element method for analyzing the propagation characteristics of dielectric / optical waveguides with open boundary is presented. The propagation modes are hybrid, for which a variational expression is formulated in terms of the longitudinal electric and magnetic field components. Infinite elements are introduced to consider open boundary or to extend the region to infinity. Several specific examples are given and the results are compared with those obtained by other approximate methods. Very close agreements have been found.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1995-12-28
Volume volume30
Issue issue1
Start Page 63
End Page 73
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307545
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15377
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_47.pdf
Author Kagawa, Yukio| Sun Yonghao| Mahmood Zaheed|
Abstract Regular boundary element method is employed for the variational formulation of Helmholtz equation that governs the waveguiding problems. Like in the Charge simulation method, in this method, the source points associated with the fundamental solutions are allocated outside the domain so that the singular integrals which occur in the standard boundary element procedure can be avoided. First, the formulation is developed for the two-dimensional scalar Helmholtz problem solving for the axial components of either electric or magnetic fields. The application of the formulation is shown for simple hollow rectangular waveguide and dielectric-slab-loaded rectangular waveguide. Then the formulation is extended for the analysis of dielectric waveguides of open type incorporating axial components of both electric and magnetic fields, for the solution of the propagating modes which are generally of hybrid types. To show the validity and quality of the formulation, it is applied to a circular step-index optical waveguide and a dielectric rectangular waveguide. Very close agreements have been found when the solutions are compared with the ones obtained by different methods. One distinct merit of the extended formulation is that it has been fixed to suppress the spurious solutions which are encountered while solved by the conventional boundary element method.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1995-12-28
Volume volume30
Issue issue1
Start Page 47
End Page 62
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307187
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15374
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_35.pdf
Author Mahmood Zaheed| Kagawa, Yukio|
Abstract Divergence-free shape functions are proposed for the finite elements, with which inhomogeneously-loaded and arbitrarily-shaped waveguides are analysed. The method is based on vectorial finite element formulation employing edge elements. The shape functions used for the approximation of the fields are shown analytically to be divergence-free and as an evidence, the non-physical solutions that appeared in the longitudinal component finite element formulation have been shown to be absent. To show the validity of the elements, application is made for the analysis of rectangular waveguides loaded with dielectric slab and a waveguide with curved structure. The solutions obtained are compared with the analytical ones or the solutions reported elsewhere. The degree of accuracy has been found satisfactory.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1995-12-28
Volume volume30
Issue issue1
Start Page 35
End Page 46
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307293
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15372
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_25.pdf
Author Sun Yonghao| Kagawa, Yukio|
Abstract Identification of unknown electric charges or sources distributed in space is made from the data observed over the field boundary using dual reciprocity boundary element models. The inhomogeneous term of the Poisson field can equivalently be expressed as the linear combination of the functions associated with the particular solutions to transform into Laplace equation. For the solution procedure, the variational formulation is employed, in which the regular boundary integral approach is incorporated to avoid the singularity. Numerical examples are presented to demonstrate the availability and the capability.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1995-12-28
Volume volume30
Issue issue1
Start Page 25
End Page 33
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307314