JaLCDOI 10.18926/11771
Title Alternative Factors Affecting Home Care of Elders Report 1. Support Expected by the Elderly and Family
FullText URL 001_061_068.pdf
Author Ono, Tsuruko| Arakawa, Yasuko| Ohta, Niwa| Nanba, Jun| Ohta, Takeo| Shimizu, Masako| Ishii, Kiyoko|
Abstract For the rapid increase of the elders in population in Japan after the 2nd world war, the arrangement of medical care for aged persons, both therapeutic and preventive, has become the serious social problem. To estimate the possibility of care at home and needs of elders and their family for public and volunteer services, questionnaire survey was carried out at Konko town in Okayama prefecture, Japan, in August 1990. More than half of the 105 elders older than 65 years and living alone (group A, 9 males and 96 females) replied to want to be cared for at home and 178 families with elders (group B) wanted to care for them at home. As for services they would wish to be offered when they would become bedridden at home, while group A wished to be visited and cared for by 'physician', 'home helper' and 'neighbor' in order of high rate group B 'physician', 'public health nurse' and 'nurse'. As for facility or assistance services, the former wanted 'purchasing, sweeping and washing', food delivery' and 'calling on' and the latter 'care consultation', 'assist of body bath' and 'economic aid'. Other supports or cares were also hopefully expected by both groups. The results shows that well-arrangement and promotion of a variety of constitional and personal support for home cares for elders in the community must be urged.
Keywords Home Care Family Care the Elderly Support
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1991-03-25
Volume volume1
Start Page 61
End Page 68
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313467
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15332
Title Alternative 気管支肺胞洗浄液中リンパ球増多と患者年齢およびIgE系アレルギー反応との関連について
FullText URL 064_097_104.pdf
Author Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Kitani, Hikaru| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Kimura, Ikuro|
Abstract The proportion and number of lymphocytes in the airways were analyzed in 15 patients with a high proportion of lymphocytes in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid (more than 30%) and in 17 patients with less than 20% of BAL lymphocytes. 1. Both atopic and nonatopic asthma patients with a high proportion of BAL lymphocytes were aged more than 50 years. In contrast, the age of patients with less than 20% of BAL lymphocytes ranged widely, from 29 to 63 years, in the two asthma types. 2. Age at onset of the disease, serum IgE levels, and ventilatory function test were not related to the proportion of BAL lymphocytes. 3. In patients with a high proportion of BAL lymphocytes, the mean proportion of these cells was 47.3% in atopic patients and 36.4% in non-atopic patients, i. e., there was no significant difference between the two asthma types. The absolute number of BAL lymphocytes in these patients was significantly higher in atopic (5.62×10(6)) than in nonatopic asthma (0.77×10(6)) (p<0.01). These findings show that an increased number of lymphocytes in the airways is clearly related to patient age and IgE-mediated allergic reaction.
Abstract Alternative 気管支肺胞洗浄(BAL)液中のリンパ球頻度が30%以上の15例および20%以下の17例の気管支喘息患者を対象に,BAL液中リンパ球頻度と年齢およびIgE系反応との関連について検討を加えた。1.BALリンパ球が高頻度(30%以上)を示す症例は,アトピー型,非アトピー型を問わず,50才以上の年齢層に多い傾向が見られた。一方,BALリンパ球20%以下の症例の年齢は,29-63才まで幅広く分布していた。2.発症年齢,血清IgE値,換気機能とBAL液中リンパ球頻度との間には関連は見られなかった。3.BAL液中リンパ球頻度が高い症例では,アトピー型では平均リンパ球頻度は47.3%,非アトピー型では36.4%であったが,両群間には有意の差は見られなかった。しかし,BAL液中のリンパ球の絶対数は,アトピー型(5.62×10(6))において,非アトピー型(0.77×10(6)) に比べ有意に高い値を示した(p<0.01)。これらの結果は,気道内リンパ球の増加は,患者年齢とIgE系反応と密接に関連していることを示唆している。
Keywords BAL lymphocytes patient age IgE-mediated allergic reaction bronchial asthma
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1993-06
Volume volume64
Start Page 97
End Page 104
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307637
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15327
Title Alternative Inhibitory effect of furosemide on histamine release from human basophils
FullText URL 063_095_098.pdf
Author Kitani, Hikaru| Kusaura, Yasuhiro| Honke, Naoko| Tanimizu, Masakuni| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Mifune, Takashi| Okazaki, Morihiro| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Abstract furosemideは利尿剤として知られているが,吸入することにより気道収縮に対して抑制的に作用することが近年報告されている。その抑制作用の機序を明らかにする目的で,furosemide添加による末梢血好塩基球からのヒスタミン遊離に対する抑制効果を検討した。健常人4例,アトピー型気管支喘息患者8例を対象として全血法で抗ヒトIgE刺激によるヒスタミン遊離を観察した。なお,furosemideの最終濃度は0,1,10,100μg/mlに調整して添加実験を行った。健常人,気管支喘息いずれにおいても,furosemide添加による末梢血好塩基球からのヒスタミン遊離に対する抑制効果はみられなかった。
Abstract Alternative Inhibitory effect of furosemide on histamine release from basophils induced by anti-IgE was examined in 4 healthy subjects and 8 patients with atopic asthma. The experiments of basophil histamine release were carried out by using whole blood method. The mean values of histamine release after 15 min preincubation with furosemide at various concentrations were not significantly decreased, in both healthy and asthmatic subjects compared to those of histamine release without furosemide. The results obtained here show that furosemide does not inhibit histamine release from basophils by the whole blood method.
Keywords 気管支喘息 (Bronchial asthma) フロセミド (Furosemide) ヒスタミン遊離 (Histamine release)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1992-06
Volume volume63
Start Page 95
End Page 98
ISSN 0913-3771
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307119
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15326
Title Alternative Clinical evaluation of an endoscopic image filing system, Olympus SDF-3
FullText URL 063_074_078.pdf
Author Ochi, Koji| Miyake, Hirofumi| Matsumoto, Shuji| Seno, Toshinobu| Tanaka, Juntaro| Harada, Hideo| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Tanizaki, Yosiro|
Abstract 光ディスクとパーソナルコンピュータを組み合わせた内視鏡画像ファイリングシステムは電子内視鏡の画像の保存・管理,検索・再生などに威力を発揮する。今回,われわれはオリンパス社製内視鏡ファイリングシステムSDF-3を使用する機会を得たので,その有用性や問題点の検討を行った。有用性としては,①内視鏡画像を検査終了後直ちに再生し,再検討できる,②多数の項目についての検索や統計処理が可能である,③限られたスペース内で大量の画像データの一括保存・管理が可能であるなどが挙げられる。一方,問題点としては,①内視鏡再生画像は画質が劣化する,②検索機能を十分に活用するにはかなり煩雑な人力操作を必要とする,③光ディスクの清掃が必要であるなどがあげられる。本内視鏡ファイリングシステムに今後必要な改良点やその展望についても合わせて考案を加えた。
Abstract Alternative Olympus SDF-3, an endoscopic image filing system using an electronic endoscope in conjunction with a personal computer and an optical disk, has been recently developed. We evaluated the usefulness of this filing system with 449 cases of gastroduodenal endoscopy. As a result, we have found that this filing system has following advantages : (1) one can review endoscopic images immediately after endoscopic examinations ; (2) previously documented endoscopic image can be searched and reviewed in a short time ; (3) statistical analysis of documented cases is facilitated. However, it has some disadvantages as well to be improved : (1) quality of endoscopic images is deteriorated in the process of filing ; (2) putting patients' data into the filing system is time-consuming ; (3) frequent cleaning of an optic disk is required. This endoscopic image filing system needs to be further developed and refined.
Keywords 画像ファイリングシステム (image filing system) 電子内視鏡 (electronic endoscope)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1992-06
Volume volume63
Start Page 74
End Page 78
ISSN 0913-3771
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307278
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15325
Title Alternative 気管支喘息患者における細胞性免疫,ガンジダ抗原に対する遅延型反応の抑制
FullText URL 063_069_073.pdf
Author Tanizaki, Yosiro| Kitani, Hikaru| Okazaki, Morihiro| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Harada, Hideo| Ochi, Koji| Kimura, Ikuro|
Abstract Delayed cutaneous hypersensitivity towards Candida albicans was examined in 200 patients with bronchial asthma in relation to patient age and the level of total IgE. 1. Delayed skin reactivity towards C.albicans was depressed in the patients between the ages of 10 and 20 and in those over the age of 61. A significant difference was present in delayed skin reactivity between the groups of 10-20 and 41-50 years old. 2. The frequency of the patients with positive delayed skin reactivity towards C.albicans was the highest in those with low levels of total IgE (0 -100 IU/ml) and the low est in those with high levels of total IgE (over than 1001 IU/ml). The results suggest that cell-mediated immunity towards C.albicans is depressed re lating to atopics in the patients between 10 and 20 and to aging in the patients over 61.
Abstract Alternative 気管支喘息200例を対象にカンジダに対する即時型および遅延型皮膚反応を観察し,これらの皮膚反応と年令,血清IgE値との関連について検討を加えた。1. カンジダに対する遅延型皮膚反応は,10~20才の年齢層および61才以上の年齢層の症例において,その陽性率の低下が観察された。そして,10~20才の年齢層と41~50才の年齢層の症例では,両者間で陽性率の有意の差が見られた(p<0.001)。2. カンジダに対する遅延型皮膚反応の陽性率は,血清IgE値が低い(0~100 IU/ml)症例において最も高く,一方血清IgE値が高い(1001IU/ml以上)症例において最も低いという傾向が見られた。これらの結果は,カンジダに対する細胞性免疫は,10~20才の年齢層ではアトピーと,また61才以上の年齢層では加齢と関連して抑制されることを示唆するものと考えられる。
Keywords cell-mediated immunity (細胞性免疫) bronchial asthma (気管支喘息) atopics (アトピー) aging (加齢) カンジダ
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1992-06
Volume volume63
Start Page 69
End Page 73
ISSN 0913-3771
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307949
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15324
Title Alternative 臨床所見および検査成績からのスコアーによる喘息分類の特徴
FullText URL 063_063_068.pdf
Author Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Kitani, Hikaru| Okazaki, Morihiro| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Tanimizu, Masakuni| Honke, Naoko| Kusaura, Yasuhiro| Takatori, Akimasa| Okuda, Hiroyuki| Kimura, Ikuro|
Abstract Twenty six patients with bronchial asthma was classified by clinical symptoms and singns (clinical diagnosis), and the classification by clinical diagnosis was compared with the classification by a score calculated from clinical findings and examinations (score diagnosis). 1. Of 12 subjects with type Ia classified by clinical diagnosis, 8 cases with 0 to 49 ml/day of expectoration were evaluated as type Ia by score diagnosis. While four type Ia cases with 50 to 99ml/day of expectoration were calssified as type Ib by score diagnosis. The increased incidence of eosinophils in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of these four cases was similar to the incidence in type Ib cases with hypersecretion. 2. All of 6 subjects with type Ib by clinical diagnosis were estimated as type Ib by score diagnosis. 3. Of 8 cases with type II by clinical diagnosis, 7 cases were assessed as type II by score diagnosis. One case with type II by clinical diagnosis and with the score of 10 points was evaluated as questionable type II by score diagnosis.
Abstract Alternative 気管支喘息36例を対象に,臨床病態による喘息の分類(臨床診断)を試み,この分類と臨床所見および臨床検査より求めたスコアーによる分類(スコアー分類)との比較検討を行った。1.臨床分類でIa.単純性気管支攣縮型と診断された12症例のうち,1日喀痰量0-49mlの8症例は,スコアー分類では同様にIa.型と分類された。一方,1日喀痰量50-99mlの4症例はスコアー分類ではIb.型(気管支攣縮+過分泌型)と分類された。これら4症例のBALF中好酸球増多はIb.型に類似した病態であった。2.臨床診断によりIb.型に分類された6症例はいずれもスコアー診断でもIb.型と分類された。3.臨床診断によりII.型(細気管支閉塞型)と分類された8症例のうち,7症例はスコアー診断でもII.型と分類されたが,1症例はスコアー10でII.型の診断基準に合わず,questionable II.型と診断された。
Keywords asthma classification (喘息分類) bronchoconstriction (気管支攣縮) hypersecretion (過分泌) bronchiolar obstruction (細気管支閉塞) score diagnosis (スコアー診断)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1992-06
Volume volume63
Start Page 63
End Page 68
ISSN 0913-3771
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307348
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15322
Title Alternative 高齢者健常人および気管支喘息患者におけるカンジダ特異的IgGおよびIgG(4)抗体について
FullText URL 063_058_062.pdf
Author Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Kitani, Hikaru| Okazaki, Morihiro| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Kotoh, Naoki| Tada, Shinya| Kimura, Ikuro|
Abstract Specific IgG and IgG(4) antibodies against Canadida albicans were exmined in 48 healthy and 69 asthmatic subjects to analyze the mechanism causing an increased production of these immunoglobulins. 1. The level of C.albicans-specific IgG and IgG(4) antibodies was higher, not significantly in IgG(4), in asthmatics under 30 years of age, compared with healthy subjects of the same age group. 2. Specific IgG and IgG(4) antibody levels in both healthy and asthmatic subjects showed a tendency to increase with aging, and significant difference was present between cases under 30 years and cases over 70 years of age. 3. Any difference in the production of specific IgG and IgG(4) was not observed in elderly cases older than 60 years between healthy and asthmatic subjects.
Abstract Alternative 高齢者(61才以上)の健常人48名および気管支喘息患者69例を対象に,カンジダ特異的IgGおよびIgG(4)抗体を測定し,その増加の機序について若干の検討を加えた。なお,対照としては,30才以下の健常者および気管支喘息患者を選んだ。1.カンジダ特異的IgGおよびIgG(4)抗体価は,30才以下では,健常人に比べ気管支喘息症例で高い傾向が見られ,特異的IgG抗体では両者間に有意の差が見られた(p<0.05)。2.カンジダ特異的IgGおよびIgG(4)抗体は,健常人および気管支喘息症例いずれも加齢とともに増加する傾向が見られ,71才では,30才以下の症例に比べ有意に高い抗体価を示した。3.61才以上の高齢者では,特異的IgG,IgG(4)抗体いずれにおいても,健常人と気管支喘息患者との間に有意の差は見られなかった。
Keywords Candida albicans (カンジダ特異的IgG) Specific IgG IgG(4) Bronchial asthma (気管支喘息) Aging (加齢)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1992-06
Volume volume63
Start Page 58
End Page 62
ISSN 0913-3771
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307284
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11769
Title Alternative The Study of Nursing Care of Dying Patients and Their Families - Ritual Behaviors and Wordings of Nurses -
FullText URL 001_051_060.pdf
Author Takata, Setuko|
Abstract The purpose of this study was to obtain the basic data for the study of "Nursing care of dying patients and their families". I investigated 59 nurses working at hospitals in Tokushima know their ritual behaviors and their wordings that nurses and their families made for dying patients at moment of their death in the hospital. The results were; 1) Typically, two ritual behaviors were reported at attending patient's death. One was "Tamayobi"; calling dying patient's name to commend his soul to God or Hotoke. Other was "Matugo no mizu", giving water to dying patient to sympathy him. Few nurses didn't know "Tamayobi". Many nurses knew "Mstugo no mizu", however, only a few nurses did it in the hospital. 2) Nurses talked with their families in many ways around their last hours. This wordings included not only to explain dying patient's care, but also to alleviat the grief of their families much more.
Keywords Tamayobi Matugo no mizu
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1991-03-25
Volume volume1
Start Page 51
End Page 60
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313482
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15320
Title Alternative 気管支喘息における気道の反応性および炎症反応におよぼす加齢の影響について
FullText URL 064_089_096.pdf
Author Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Kitani, Hikaru| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Kajimoto, Kazuhiro| Sugimoto, Keisuke| Harada, Hideo| Kimura, Ikuro|
Abstract Ventilatory function, cellular composition in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and release of chemical mediators from leucocytes were examined in 25 older asthmatics (mean age 66.7 years) and 25 younger asthmatics (mean age 45.1 years) in relation to clinical asthma types. 1. Ventilatory function tests showed that the values of ventilatory parameters such as % MMF, % V(50) and % V(25) were lower in older subjects than in younger subjects, and a significant difference was found in the % V(50) value between the two age groups. Regarding clinical asthma types, the values of % MMF, % V(50), and V(25) were significantly lower in both younger and older subjects with type II. 2. In analysis of cellular composition in BAL fluid, the proportion of BAL lymphocytes was significantly lower in type II older subjects than in younger subjects with the same type. A significantly increased proportion of BAL neutrophils was observed in both younger and older subjects with type II. 3. The release of leukotriene C(4) (LTC(4)) from leucocytes was significantly lower in type II older subjects than in younger subjects with the same type, and LTC(4) release in patients with type II was also significantly lower than that in those with other asthma types in both younger and older subjects. The release of histamine and leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) from leucocytes was not significantly different between the two age groups. These results demonstrate that ventilatory function, cellular composition in BAL fluid, and the release of chemical mediators from leucocytes are affected by aging and clinical asthma types.
Abstract Alternative 25例の老年者気管支喘息と25例の若壮年者喘息症例を対象に,換気機能,気道内細胞成分の頻度,白血球からの化学伝達物質遊離などの気道反応と関連した要素について,喘息の臨床病型との関連のもとに検討を加えた。 1. % MMF, % V(50), % V(25)などの換気パラメーターは老年症例において全般的に低く, % V(50)では若壮年症例に比べ有意の低値を示した。臨床病型別では,II型喘息において,両年齢群とも他の病型に比べ% MMF, % V(50)及び% V(25)値は有意に低い傾向が見られた。 2. 気管支肺胞洗浄(BAL)液中のリンパ球頻度は,II型の老年症例において若壮年症例に比べ有意に低い値を示した。BAL液中好中球頻度は,いずれの年齢群においても,他の病型に比べ有意に高い値を示した。 3. 白血球からのLTC(4)遊離は,II型の老年症例において若壮年症例に比べ,また他の臨床病型に比べ有意に低い値を示した。ヒスタミンおよびLTB(4)遊離には両年歯群間に有意の差は見られなかった。これらの結果は,換気機能,気道内細胞成分の頻度,白血球からの化学伝達物質遊離などが,加齢や臨床病態により影響を受けることをある程度示しているものと考えられた。
Keywords Ventilatory function (換気機能) Cellular composition in BAL fluid (気道内細胞成分) chemical mediators (化学伝達物質) aging (加齢) clinical asthma type (臨床病型)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1993-06
Volume volume64
Start Page 89
End Page 96
ISSN 0918-7839
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307744
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15319
Title Alternative Effects of vitamin D and exercise on bone mineral density (BMD) measuured by QCT
FullText URL 064_071_074.pdf
Author Hiramatsu, Junnichi| Kawaraya, Masashi| Yokota, Satoshi| Sugimoto, Keisuke| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Mifune, Takashi| Kajimoto, Kazuhiro| Kitani, Hikaru| Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Nakai, Mutsuro| Akiyama, Tsuneo|
Abstract 40才~84才(平均64.1才)の患者38例における骨塩量を,ある期間(1~15カ月,平均8.2カ月)をおいて2回,定量的QCT(quantitative computed tomography)法を用いて測定し,その経時的変化によって,骨粗鬆症に対する治療法の効果判定を試みた。その結果,(1)全体として骨塩量に有意の増加は認められなかった。(2)骨強化剤使用例についても骨塩量に有意の増加は認められなかった。(3)運動療法施行者においても骨塩量に有意の増加は認められなかった。以上のことから骨粗鬆症の治療においては,約1年弱の経過では著明な反応は得られにくいものと思われた。ただし,一部の運動療法施行者,骨強化剤使用者において,骨塩量の著明な上昇が認められており,さらに経時的な観察が必要と思われた。
Abstract Alternative Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured twice in 38 patients aged 40 to 84 years old for the last one year to evalute the effects of vitamin D and exercise on BMD. 1) In all patients, The BMD did not significantly increase. 2) In patients with vitamin D for osteoprosis, the BMD did not significantly increse compared to those without the drug. 3) In patients with exercise therapy, the BMD did not show any significant increase compared to those without exercise.
Keywords 骨粗鬆症 (Osteoprosis) 定量的QCT法 (QCT) 加齢 (Aging) 運動療法 (Exercise) ビタミンD (Vitamin D)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1993-06
Volume volume64
Start Page 71
End Page 74
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307358
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15318
Title Alternative 老令者の気管支喘息,各臨床病型における換気機能の特徴
FullText URL 063_044_049.pdf
Author Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Kitani, Hikaru| Okazaki, Morihiro| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Tanimizu, Masakuni| Honke, Naoko| Kusaura, Yasuhiro| Takatori, Akimasa| Okuda, Hiroyuki| Kimura, Ikuro|
Abstract Ventilatory function was examined in 20 elderly patients with bronchial asthma in relation to clinical asthma types, and the results were compared with those of younger asthmatics. 1. Ventilatory parameters such as FEV(1.0%), % PEFR, % MMF, % V(50) and % V(25), which repressent obstructive ventilatory dysfunction, were in general lower in older asthmatics than in the youger cases. 2. The values of % V(50) and % V(25), representing ventilatory dysfunction in small airways, were significantly lower in the older subjects with type Ib and II compared to the younger cases with same types. 3. Markedly decreased values in ventilatory parameters, particularly in % MMF, % V(50) and % V(25) were observed in both older and younger subjects with type II. The results suggest that ventilatory function decreases with aging and the decrease is related to the pathophysiological changes in the airways.
Abstract Alternative 60才以上の老年気管支喘息20例(平均年令;66.7才)を対象に,その換気機能について,臨床病態別に59才以下の症例(平均年令;44.9才)との比較検討を行った。1.FFV(1.0%), % PEFR, % MMF, % V50, % V25などの閉塞性換気障害を表すパラメーターは,59才以下の症例に比べ老年症例で全般的に低い傾向が見られた。2.小ないし細気管支領域の換気榛能を反映すると考えられる% V(50)および% V(25)は,Ib型およびII型喘息を示す老年症例において,59才以下の症例に比べ,有意に低い値を示した。3.II型喘息症例では,59才以下および老年症例のいずれにおいても, % MMF, % V(50)および% V(25)は他の臨床病型にくらべ著明に低い値を示した。これらの結果は,気管支喘息における換気機能は,加令とともに低下傾向を示すこと,そしてその低下は臨床病態と関連していることを示しているものと考えられた。
Keywords Ventilatory function (換気機能) small airways (細気管支) clinical asthma types (臨床病型) elderly asthmatics (老年者気管支喘息)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1992-06
Volume volume63
Start Page 44
End Page 49
ISSN 0913-3771
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307531
Author Sugimoto, Manabu| Kawai, Fusako|
Published Date 1998
Publication Title 岡山大学資源生物科学研究所報告
Volume volume5
Issue issue2
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11763
Title Alternative Immunological Abnormalities of Alveolar Macrophages in Patients with Sarcoidosis
FullText URL 001_039_050.pdf
Author Nakata, Yasunari|
Abstract Bronchoalveolar lavage is an invaluable means of accurately evaluating the inflammatory and immune processes in the human lung. Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disorder characterized by heightened immune processes at sites of disease activity. The lung is most commonly involved. Although granulomas are charactaristic pathologic features of this disease, a number of studies suggest that the initial lesion in the lung is a T-cell alveolitis (an accumulation of T-cellls in the lung). There are a lot of findings that show abnormal functions of alveolar macrophages obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage in the release of various monokines and arachidonic acid metabolites and metabolize oxygen. In this review, the abnormalities of alveolar macrophages implicated in pulmonary T-cell alveolitis and fibrosis are reviewed and their potential roles in the lungs are discussed.
Abstract Alternative 間質性肺疾患の肺病変の検討は気管支肺胞洗浄法の開発により病巣よりの免疫担当細胞を容易に得られるようになり近年急速に発展した。一方では分子生物学の進歩はこれらの細胞の産生する各種サイトカイン、代謝産物の分離と、その作用機序を明らかにした。そしてサルコイドーシスの肺病巣の免疫担当細胞においても細胞表面抗原の発現異常、外来抗原の貪食・消化の異常、サイトカインの産生・放出の異常、活性酸素の産生・放出の異常、アラキドン酸代謝の異常時、多岐にわたって多くの成績が報告されている。本論文では免疫担当細胞のうち、特に肺マイクロファージの機能異常とサ症の初期病変と考えられる肺胞へのリンパ球の異常集積、alveolitis形成および胞隔の線維化との関与について検討をおこない、本症の発症機序について考察を加えた。
Keywords sarcoidosis alveolar macrophage monokine metabolize oxygen arachidonic acid metabolite
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1991-03-25
Volume volume1
Start Page 39
End Page 50
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313772
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15316
Title Alternative 老年者の気管支喘息. アレルギー反応と気道細胞反応
FullText URL 063_039_043.pdf
Author Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Kitani, Hikaru| Okazaki, Morihiro| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Tanimizu, Masakuni| Honke, Naoko| Kusaura, Yasuhiro| Ochi, Koji| Harada, Hideo| Kimura, Ikuro|
Abstract Clinical features of bronchial asthma in the elderly were analyzed by observlng IgE-mediated allerglc reactions evaluated by immediate skin reaction and specific IgE antibodies to allergens, ventilatory function and cellular composition in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid. 1. The frequency of positive immediate skin reaction and positive RAST score to allergens was in general low in the elderly patients over age 70. 2. Ventilatory function was widely variegated, and fifteen cases (60%) of the 25 Subjects showed considerably high values of FEV(l.0%), % PEFR, % MMF, % V(50) and % V(25), and the mean value of FEV(1.0%) in these cases was 71.3%. 3. The decreased value of % V(25) was related to BAL neutrophilia in 2 cases, but any correlation was not found between BAL neutrophilia and decreased value of % V(25) in 9 csese of the eleven subjects who had the BAL examination. The results show that in asthma of elderly patients, IgE-mediated allergic reactions are weak, and that a decreased value of % V(25) can be observed without BAL neutrophilia.
Abstract Alternative 70才以上の老年者気管支喘息の特徴について,アレルゲンに対する即時型皮膚反応および特異的IgE抗体,換気機能,気管支肺胞洗浄液(BAL)中の細胞成分などにより検討した。1.アレルゲンに対する即時型皮膚反応および特異的IgE抗体の陽性率は,全般的にかなり低い傾向を示した。2.換気機能にはかなりのばらつきが見られたが,25例中15例(60%)では,,いずれの換気パラメー ターもかなり高い値を示し,これらの症例の平均FEV(1.0%)は71.3%であった。3.BALを施行した11例中,% V(25)値の低下とBAL中好中球増多との間に関連の見られた症例は2例のみで,他の9例では% Ⅴ(25)値の高度な低下にもかかわらず,BAL中の好中球増多は見られなかった。これらの結果より,老年者気管支喘息では,IgEにmediateされるアレルギー反応は全般的に弱いこと,またBAL液中好中球増多なしに% V(25)値の高度な低下が出現してくることが示された。
Keywords elderly subjects (老年者) lgE-mediated allergic reaction (IgE系反応) ventilatory function (換気機能) BAL neutrophilia (BAL好中球) bronchial asthma (気管支喘息)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1992-06
Volume volume63
Start Page 39
End Page 43
ISSN 0913-3771
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307727
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11759
Title Alternative 長期ホルマリン固定により失活したProliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen (PCNA) の免疫反応性回復条件の基礎的検討 ―マイクロウェーブ、オートクレーブの影響について―
FullText URL 007_1_009_015.pdf
Author Sakiyama, Junko| Ichimura, Mitsuko| Tohge, Hiroko| Endo, Hiroshi| Kawakami, Kaori| Kawatani, Yuki|
Abstract Using paraffin-embedded tissue sections of liver cancer obtained from autopsy which had been preserved in 10% buffered formalin solution for 6 months while PCNA immunoreactivity was lost, we examined the effects of heat processing by either microwave(MW) and autoclave(AC) in the presence of various processing solution. It appeared that AC processing took shorter time period than MW irradiation to restore equal immunoreactivity. With regard to immunoreactivity retrieval by MW irradiation,however, variation of the degree of retrieval depending on processing time was smaller than in AC, and so the stable consequences were obtained. Although AC processed tissues tended to be stained deep, prolonged processing time presented strong background staining and blurred nuclear margins which made it difficult to estimate the positive cell count. As for the effects of processing solution, there was little difference in retrieval of PCNA among 0.01 M citrate buffer (pH 6.0), saturated solution of lead thiocyanate and distilled water, but the least background staining was observed with distilled water. These observations suggest that MW irradiation of which effect of retrieval is less dependent of processing time and with the least background stainability, is superior to AC processing for PCNA immunoreactivity retrieval on formalin-fixed tissues.
Abstract Alternative 10%緩衝ホルマリンに6ヶ月間浸漬していた剖検材料(肝臓癌)のパラフィン包埋後の組織切片を用いて、ホルマリンの固定作用により失活したPCNAの免疫反応性の回復にマイクロウェーブ(MW)及びオートクレーブ(AC)による熱処理とその時用いる処理溶液が、どのような影響を与えるかについて検討した。その結果、同等の免疫反応性を回復するのには、AC処理の方がMW照射より短時間でよいことが解った。しかし、MW照射による免疫反応性回復では、処理時間による影響がAC処理に比べて少なく、安定した結果が得られた。また、PCNAの染色所見については、AC処理の方が濃く染まる傾向が見られた。しかし、処理時間が長くなるとバックグラウンドの染色性が高くなる、核の周囲ににじみ現象が見られる等の所見があり判定に困難をきたした。一方、処理溶液についてはクエン酸(0.01M pH6.0)、チオシアン酸鉛飽和溶液、蒸留水について検討を行った結果、PCNAの回復には差は認められなかったが、バックグラウンドの染色については蒸留水が最も少なかった。以上の結果により、ホルマリン固定により失活したPCNAの免疫反応性を回復するには、MW照射の方がAC処理より処理時間に関係なく安定した染色性が得られ、なおかつバックグラウンドの染色性が少ない等の点で優れていることが示唆された。
Keywords PCNA microwave (マイクロウェーブ) autoclave (オートクレーブ) immunohistological staining (免疫組織染色) formalin fixation (ホルマリン固定)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1996-09-30
Volume volume7
Issue issue1
Start Page 9
End Page 15
ISSN 0917-4494
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313519
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11758
Title Alternative Literature review on the adult kidney transplantation - based on nursing perspective-
FullText URL 007_1_001_007.pdf
Author Hayashi, Yuko|
Abstract 慢性腎不全の治療法の一つに腎移植がある。この文献検討の目的は、医学、精神医学、心理学、社会学ならびに看護学における腎移植に関する諸外国を含めた最近の研究論文を吟味し、今後の腎移植看護の実践や研究に必要な課題を明らかにすることである。文献検討は、看護学の立場から重要と思われる腎移植を受けた成人を対象にした研究論文を集めて、それを基に行った。その結果、腎移植は人工透析やCAPDよりもQOLを高める治療法であり、慢性腎不全患者にとっては期待が大きく関心の高い治療法であることが明確になった。また移植後に新たな身体的、心理的、精神的及び社会的な問題が生じることによって、レシピエントはストレスフルな状況にさらされやすいこと、レシピエントの効果的な対処の仕方がQOLを高めることなどがわかった。これらの知見から、腎移植看護の発展のためには、腎移植者の生活体験の意味を明らかにしたり、効果的な看護介入・教育の開発をめざした研究や、移植前から移植後を通じての継続的な看護の取り組みが今後の課題として考えられた。
Abstract Alternative Kidney transplantation is a preferable choice of therapy in the end-stage renal disease. The purpose of this review is to clarify the problems surrounding it and discuss the directions for future clinical nursing through the survey of the recent studies on the kidney transplantation. Worldwide literature concerning the nursing for the adult recipients undergoing kidney transplantation was studied. The majorty of studies were involved comparison of quality of life between transplants and dialysis populations. The results were follows.(1)) Successful transplantation recipients had the highest quality of life.(2)) The recipients however were often exposed to stressful situation due to the physical, mental, and psychosocial difficulties after transplantation.(3)) The effective coping way had to with the quality of life after transplantation. These results suggested that understanding the virtual life experiences of the recipients and researching the methods of the nursing intervention or education toward the recipients would be important for developing the high quality of life in recipients following kidney transplants.
Keywords 移植医療 腎移植 (kidney transplantation) QOL (quality of life) 対処 (coping) 腎移植看護 (nursing intervention) patient education
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1996-09-30
Volume volume7
Issue issue1
Start Page 1
End Page 7
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313915
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15314
Title Alternative 気管支肺胞洗浄液中に一過性の好中球増多をきたしたアトピー型喘息
FullText URL 064_052_059.pdf
Author Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Kitani, Hikaru| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Kajimoto, Kazuhiro| Sugimoto, Keisuke| Yokota, Satoshi| Hiramatsu, Junichi| Kawaraya, Masashi| Nakagiri, Yoshiyasu| Tada, Shinya| Kimura, Ikuro|
Abstract Clinical course of one asthma patient (64 years old, female), who had an increased proportion of neutrophils in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid, was observed in relation to the proportion of BAL cells and ventilatory function. The patient had large asthma attacks two times during her clinical course for 15 months observed. 1. An increased proportion of BAL neutrophils and suppression of ventilatory function were found after her first large asthma attacks. The increased proportion of BAL neutrophils continued for more than 5 months. A reduction in the proportion of BAL neutrophils was found 3 months after her second large asthma attack, accompanied by improvement of clinical symptoms and ventilatory function. The numbers of total cells and neutrophils in BAL fluid were also reduced. Transient increase in number of BAL lymphocytes was found 13 months after the first large attack when the number of BAL neutrophils was markedly decreased. The number of BAL eosinophils did not change during her clinical course.
Abstract Alternative 経過中に気管支肺胞洗浄(BAL)液中に一過性の好中球増多が観察されたアトピー型喘息症例について,若干の臨床的観察を加えた。症例は,64才の女性で,臨床症状,および血清IgE高値,ハウスダストに対するIgE抗体陽性などから,アトピー型喘息と診断された。なお,経過観察し得た15ヵ月の間に2回の大発作が観察された。1.第1回の大発作後,BAL液中好中球増多と換気機能の低下が観察された。そして,このBAL液中好中球頻度は明らかな改善が見られた。BAL液中の総細胞数および好中球の絶対数も徐々に減少傾向を示し,好中球頻度と同様,第2回目の大発作3ヵ月後には著明な減少が観察された。同時にこの時期には,BAL液中リンパ球の増加も見られた。しかし,BAL液中好酸球数は15ヵ月の経過観察中ほとんど変化は見られなかった。
Keywords Bronchial asthma (気管支喘息) transient BAL neutrophilia(一過性BAL液中好中球増多) ventilatory function (換気機能)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1993-06
Volume volume64
Start Page 52
End Page 59
ISSN 0918-7839
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307805
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15313
FullText URL 063_034_038.pdf
Author Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Kitani, Hikaru| Okazaki, Morihiro| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Tanimizu, Masakuni| Honke, Naoko| Kusaura, Yasuhiro| Kimura, Ikuro|
Abstract The serum levels of total IgE, IgG and IgG(4) were compared among five age groups of patients with bronchial asthma. 1. The level of serum IgE was significantly higher in the patients before the age of 29 than in those between the ages of 30 and 49 (p < 0.02), between 50 and 59 (p < 0.01) and between 60 and 69 (p < 0.01). The serum IgE level tended to increase in the patients over age 70. 2. The serum level of total IgG was significantly higher in the patients over age 70 compared with the level in the 30-49 (p < 0.05) and the 60-69 year old groups (p < 0.05). 3. The serum IgG(4) level was increased with aging, although no significant difference was found among the five age groups. 4. The IgG(4) level correlated to a certain extent with the level of serum IgE. The results reveal that the levels of total IgE, IgG and IgG(4) are increased in the elderly patients over age 70, and that there is a relationship between serum levels of total IgE and IgG(4).
Keywords Total IgE IgG IgG(4) aging bronchial asthma
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1992-06
Volume volume63
Start Page 34
End Page 38
ISSN 0913-3771
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307767
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11757
Title Alternative Lipid Peroxides (TBA reactive substances)and Fatty Acid Compositions in Mouse Serum with Whole-body Irradiation and in Tumor-bearing Mouse Serum with Local Irradiation
FullText URL 001_029_037.pdf
Author Yamamoto, Goki|
Abstract Effects of irradiation on lipid peroxides of mouse serum, Ehrlich solid tumor-bearing mouse serum, which tomor cells were transplanted to the leg, and its tumor tissue were studied by a thiobarbituric acid (TBA) color reaction in the acetic acid condition with (Fe-TBA value) or without (TBA value) ferrous ammonium sulfate. TBA reactive substances were caluculated into the amount of malondialdehyde. Besides, fatty acid and lipid compositions were analyzed as a substrates. Irradiated samples were isolated at 3 days after irradiations. The TBA value of normal mouse serum was expressed 17nmoles/ml of serum, and Fe-TBA value gave 2.4-fold of the TBA value. Although an increase TBA value was not observed by whole-body irradiation, a significant increase of Fe-TBA value was measured, indicating 2.5-fold at 10Gy exposure compared with the normal Fe-TBA value, and 5.5-fold with the TBA value. The TBA value of tumor-bearing mouse serum was 14nmoles/ml as a low rate to that of normal serum, but the Fe-TBA value gave same magnification of that of normal one. The TBA value of tumor-bearing mouse serum was not changed by the local irradiation to the tumor region of leg, but the Fe-TBA value was increased 2.8 and 4.4 times at 10Gy and 20Gy exposures, respectively, comparing with the non-irradiated one, and 7.7 and 10.5 times with the TBA value, respectively. The TBA value of solid tumor homogenate exhibited 1.16nmoles/mg of protein, and the Fe-TBA value, pointed out 5 times as much as the TBA value. Both values slightly increased by the irradiation. These facts suggest that a shift of TBA value of serum hard to get, but Fe-TBA value of serum distinctly increases by the irradiation. The fatty acid composition of mouse serum lipids showed an increment of relative percentages of linoleic and arachidonic acids by the whole-body irradiation. The relative percentage of fatty acid compositon of lipids from solid tumor-bearing mouse serum was similar tendency to that of normal one, and the local exposure to the tumor part was not affected the each percentage. The percentage of high unsaturated fatty acid of tumor lipids similar to that of serum lipids, and a decrease of the percentage of arachidonic acid was accounted by the irradiation. In relative percentages of lipid compositions, the percentage of choleste rolester of serum lipids increased by the whole-body irradiation, and that of phospholipid fraction was not changed. In the case of tumor-bearing mouse serum lipids, an increment of the percentage of cholesterolester was obtained as compared with that of normal serum lipids, and this percentage decreased by the local irradiation to tumor part with an increment of the percentage of phospholipid. The percentage of phospholipid in tumor lipids had decreased by the irradiation. The facts suggest that a cause of the increased Fe-TBA value of tumor-bearing mouse serum by the irradiation to tumor is due to the release of peroxidizable phospholipid into serum from the damaged menbranes of tumor cells at large doses to exposure.
Abstract Alternative 放射線照射に伴うマウス血清、大腿に移植形成させたEhrlich固定癌担癌マウス血清並びにその固型癌部組織の過酸化脂質の変化を酢酸酸性下、チオバルビツル酸発色法(TBA値)及びニ価鉄添加発色法(Fe-TBA値)で測定し、チオバルビツル酸反応陽性物質(TBARS)としてマロンジアルデヒド(MDA)に換算し評価した。合わせて過酸化反応基質としての脂肪酸組成と脂質組成を解析した。正常マウス血清のTBA値は本条件下で17nmoles MDA/ml値が得られ、Fe-TBA値はTBA値の2.4倍が得られた。全身照射によるTBA値の増加はみられなかったが、Fe-TBA値は半致死線量以上で明らかな増加がみられ、10Gy照射群で正常血清Fe-TBA値の2.5倍、TBA値に対し5.5倍が示された。担癌マウス血清のTBA値は14nmoles/mlで若干正常値に比し低値が得られたが、Fe-TBA値正常同様の倍率2.5倍値が示された。担癌マウス血清のTBA値は癌部10、20Gy局所照射により変化はみられなかったものの、Fe-TBA値は線量依存的に著しい増加がみられ、10Gyで対照値の2.8倍、20Gyで4.4倍値、TBA値に対し各7.7倍、10.5倍が得られた。固型癌部組織のTBA値は蛋白質当り1.16nmoles/mgが測定され、Fe-TBA値はTBA値の5倍であった。癌部照射でTBA値、Fe-TBA値とも若干の増加がみられた。これらのことから放射線照射によりTBA値の変化はみられ難いがFe-TBA値は増加することが示唆される。血清脂肪酸組成比では、全身照射によりリノール酸、アラキドン酸の増加がみられた。担癌血清脂肪酸組成比は正常のそれと同様であり、局所20Gy照射で変化はみられなかった。癌部組織の脂肪酸組成比においては、高級不飽和脂肪酸比は血清のそれと大差なかったが飽和脂肪酸比の変化が得られた。局所照射によりアラキドン酸比の減少がみられた。脂質組成比では、全身照射により血清のコレステロ-ル比の増加がみられたがリン脂質比は変化がみられなかった。担癌血清では正常に比し、コレステロールエステル比の増加がみられたが、局所照射により減少し、リン脂質比の増加が得られた。癌部組織の脂質組成比では照射によりリン脂質比の減少とトリグリセリド比の増加がみられた。これらのことから癌部局所照射により脂質過酸化反応の主たる基質としての過酸化物を含む細胞膜成分リン脂質の血清への流出が示唆され、これが癌部局所照射に伴う血清Fe-TBA値増加の一原因と考えられる。
Keywords Lipid peroxides Irradiation Mouse serum Tumor-bearing mouse serum Fatty acid composition
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1991-03-25
Volume volume1
Start Page 29
End Page 37
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313903
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15312
Title Alternative 老年者気管支喘息における気道炎症細胞.喘息重症度と関連した気道細胞反応の特徴
FullText URL 064_083_088.pdf
Author Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Kitani, Hikaru| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Kajimoto, Kazuhiro| Sugimoto, Keisuke| Yokota, Satoshi| Hiramatsu, Junichi| Nakagiri, Yoshiyasu| Harada, Hideo| Kimura, Ikuro|
Abstract Cellular composition of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid was examined in 11 elderly asthmatics over the age of 70, and the results were compared with those of 11 younger asthmatics under the age of 50. In the subjects with mild asthma, the proportion of BAL cells in the elderly subjects was 86.2% macrophages, 11.0% lymphocytes, 1.9% neutrophils, 0.9% eosinophils and 0.08% basophilic cells. The proportion of neutrophils and eosinophils in the BAL fluid was slightly higher in younger subjects with mild asthma compared with that in elderly subjects, although no significant difference was found between the two groups. In subjects with severe asthma, the proportions of lymphocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils and basophilic cells were more increased in both younger and older patients compared to those with mild asthma, and a significant increase in the number of BAL eosinophils was found in younger subjects with severe asthma compared to those with mild asthma (p < 0.05). However, no significant difference was present in the proportion of BAL cells between younger and older patients with severe asthma. The results reveal that BAL cells are more increased in subjects with suvere asthma than in those with mild asthma in both younger and older subjects, and show the possibility that this increase is more predominant in neutrophils in older subjects and in eosinophils in younger subjects.
Abstract Alternative 70才以上の老年者気管支喘息11例(平均年齢71.4才)を対象に,重症度と気道細胞反応との関連について検討を加えた。なお,対照として50才以下の喘息症例11例(平均年齢33.5才)を選んだ。1.老年者の軽症型喘息における気管支肺胞洗浄(BAL)液中の出現細胞の頻度は,マクロファージが86.2%,リンパ球が11.0%,好中球が1.9%,好酸球が0.9%,好塩基性細胞が0.08%であった。BAL液中の好中球,好酸球の頻度は若青年症例でやや高い傾向が見られたが,両群間に有意の差は見られなかった。重症例では,老年症例,若青年症例とも,軽症例に比べリンパ球,好中球,好酸球などのBAL細胞の出現頻度が増加しており,特に好酸球では若青年症例の重症例で軽症例に比べ有意に高い頻度が観察された。これらの結果は, リンパ球,好中球,好酸球などのBAL細胞は,軽症例に比べ重症例で増加してくること,そして,その増加は老年症例では好中球,若青年症例では好酸球の増加が特徴的であることを示唆しているものと考えられた。
Keywords Neutrophils (好中球) Eosinophils (好酸球) Bronchoalveolar lavage (気管支肺胞洗浄) asthma severity (喘息重症度)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1993-06
Volume volume64
Start Page 83
End Page 88
ISSN 0918-7839
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307736