JaLCDOI 10.18926/fest/11593
FullText URL 002_001_008.pdf
Author Hora, Akihito|
Abstract An aspect of the cut-off phenomenon is reviewed. It is a sort of critical phenomenon observed in a wide variety of diffusion. We introduce a framework in which such a phenomenon can be understood and analyzed in a rigorous manner. We illustrate the mechanism with some concrete models.
Keywords cut-off phenomenon critical time diffusion Markov chain on a graph symmetry
Publication Title 岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
Published Date 1997-01-10
Volume volume2
Issue issue1
Start Page 1
End Page 8
ISSN 1341-9099
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313764
JaLCDOI 10.18926/fest/11592
Title Alternative The Aesthetics in The Blue Light and German Mountain Films
FullText URL 003_179_191.pdf
Author Kanzaki, Ken-ichi|
Publication Title 岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
Published Date 1998-01-14
Volume volume3
Issue issue1
Start Page 179
End Page 191
ISSN 1341-9099
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313619
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15122
Title Alternative Study on the relationship between the bone mineral densities measured by QCT and biochemical parameters.
FullText URL 066_037_043.pdf
Author Kajimoto, Kazuhiro| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Mifune, Takashi| Yokota, Satoshi| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Nakai, Mutsuro| Akiyama, Tsuneo|
Abstract 当院内科に通院または入院中の女性患者24例(57~89才,平均71.8才)を対象とし,定量的QCT法による骨塩量測定と同時に血中骨代謝マーカーを測定し検討を行った。年齢についての検討では,カルシウム(Ca)が70才台で60才台に比べ有意に高値であった以外は年代による有意差は認められなかった。オステオカルシン(OC)とイオン化Ca(Ca(2+))との間にr=-0.50,p<0.01の有意の逆相関を認め,OCとBody mass indexとの間に有意の正の相関(r=0.41,p<0.05)を認めた。平均骨塩量と各生化学parameterとの間には有意な相関はみられなかった。副腎皮質ステロイド剤(ステロイド)投与群では非投与群に比べ,投与群でALP骨型アイソザイム(ALP3)高値,OC低値の傾向がみられた。またステロイド投与症例はすべてOC値が8.4ng/mℓ以下であり,ステロイドによる骨粗鬆症誘発の機序として骨形成の抑制が関与している可能性が考えられた。今後骨塩量と骨代謝マーカーとの関連について,若年者を含めた検討が必要と考えられた。
Abstract Alternative Bone mineral densities (BMD) were measured with QCT (quantitative computed tomography) in 24 females aged 57 to 89 years old to evaluate about relationship between BMD and biochemical parameters on bone metabolism (calcium : Ca, ionized calcium : Ca(2+), alkaline phosphatase : ALP, bone type isozyme of alkaline phosphatase : ALP 3 and osteocalcin : OC) in blood. As for exception that Ca was significantly higher in patients aged of 60's in comparison with those of 70's in the examination with regard to age, no significant differences were observed. Significant opposite correlation (r=-0.50, p<0.01) between OC and Ca(2+) and significant positive correlation (r=0.41, p<0.05) between OC and body bass index were observed. No significant correlation was observed between mean BMD and biochemical parameters. A trend of higher ALP 3 and lower OC was observed in adrenocortical steroid (steroid) administration group in comparison with patients with no steroid therapy. Also in steroid administration group, OC value was below 8.4ng/mℓ in all patients. Thus, it was suspected that the suppression of bone formation was related to the mechanism of osteoporosis induced by steroid. Then, the further studies on the relationship of BMD and these biochemical parameters including those of younger cases were considered necessary to clarify the mechanism of osteoporosis.
Keywords 骨粗鬆症 (Osteoporosis) 骨塩量 (Bone mineral desity) オステオカルシン (Osteocalcin) 骨型アルカリフォスファターゼ (alkaline phosphatase (bone type isozyme)) イオン化カルシウム (ionized calcium)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1995-09
Volume volume66
Start Page 37
End Page 43
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307374
JaLCDOI 10.18926/fest/11590
Title Alternative ON FEUDALISM - Definition, Complex, Civilization -
FullText URL 003_171_178.pdf
Author Tonomura, Naohiko|
Publication Title 岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
Published Date 1998-01-14
Volume volume3
Issue issue1
Start Page 171
End Page 178
ISSN 1341-9099
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313327
JaLCDOI 10.18926/fest/11589
Title Alternative Distribution and Age Structure of Population in Tottori City
FullText URL 005_121_144.pdf
Author Ichiminami, Fumikazu|
Abstract This study examined population data on the quarters or sub-areas in Tottori city in 1960 and 1995. First, the distributions of population data in both years were drawn, then the population changes and the rates were explained. While large increaces and high growth rates were scattered in the suburbs of the city, large depopulation and high decreace rates were clustered in the old core in the built-up areas and rural areas in the hilly and mountainous areas. Second, the rates of population under 15 years old and the rates of population over 65 years old were analyzed. Finally, the age structure of population was examined with 10 samples of the quarters or sub-areas in anticipation.
Keywords Tottori city Population Distribution Age structure City planning
Publication Title 岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
Published Date 2000-02-29
Volume volume5
Issue issue1
Start Page 121
End Page 144
ISSN 1341-9099
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313744
JaLCDOI 10.18926/fest/11588
Title Alternative Pronunciation of Ausutralian Spoken English
FullText URL 003_157_169.pdf
Author Kashiwase, Shogo|
Abstract The present paper deals with the Pronunciation of Australian Spoken English: (1) Samples of Popular Pronunciation of Australian Spoken English, (2) 3 Varieties of Australian Accent of Spoken English, (3) Social Attitudes towards 3 Varieties of Australian Accents,(4) Sociolinguistic Shift of Australian Pronunciation Practice, (5) Irregularities of Australian Pronunciation of Spoken English. The Characteristics of "General" and "Broad" Accents of Australian English.
Publication Title 岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
Published Date 1998-01-14
Volume volume3
Issue issue1
Start Page 157
End Page 169
ISSN 1341-9099
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313449
Author Nishiyama, Hisako| Fuchigami, Katsuyoshi|
Published Date 2008-02-25
Publication Title 岡山大学教育学部研究集録
Volume volume137
Issue issue1
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/fest/11581
FullText URL 005_113_119.pdf
Author Xie Guanmo| Taniguchi, Takeo| Chouw Nawawi|
Abstract Near source earthquakes can produce strong vertical ground motions with large amplitude and high frequency content. In this paper the axial ductility behavior of RC columns due to near source earthquakes is investigated. The column is simplified to a SDOF system that only describes vertical vibrations of a structural column. The gravity load effect is represented by a pre-load. An elasto-plastic model accounting for different stiffness and strength in tension and compression is used in the analysis. The ductility demand as well as pseudo acceleration spectra are evaluated. The investigation shows that strong vertical ground motions should be considered in seismic design. From the results of this investigation suggestions for a seismic design in case of near source earthquakes can be derived.
Keywords RC columns ductility demand near source earthquakes strong vertical ground motions pseudo acceleration spectra
Publication Title 岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
Published Date 2000-02-29
Volume volume5
Issue issue1
Start Page 113
End Page 119
ISSN 1341-9099
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313363
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11579
Title Alternative 気管支喘息患者末梢血好塩基球の抗ヒトIgEおよびカルシウムイオノフォァA23187に対する反応性について
FullText URL 061_016_022.pdf
Author Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Sudo, Michiyasu| Kitani, Hikaru| Kawauchi, Kazuhisa| Mifune, Takashi| Okuda, Hiroyuki| Komagoe, Haruki| Tada, Shinya| Takahashi, Kiyoshi| Kimura, Ikuro|
Abstract The release of histamine from basophils induced by anti-lgE and calcium ionophore A 23187 ( Cal) was examined in 27 patients with bronchial asthma and 7 healthy subjects, using a whole blood method. (1)The release of histamine induced by anti-IgE and CaI was significantly higher in atopic asthmatics than in non-atopic cases. (2) The histamine release with anti-lgE and CaI was significantly lower in cases with long-term steroid therapy compared to the release in cases without steroid therapy. (3) The release with anti-lgE and CaI was increased in cases with age of 0-39 years and in cases wpth age at onset of 0-39 years. (4) Anti-IgE induced release correlated to a certain extent with the release induced by CaI. These results show that basophil reactivity as expressed by histamine release changes under different conditions.
Abstract Alternative 気管支喘息27例および健康人7名を対象に,抗ヒトIgEおよびカルシウムイオノフォァA23187(CaI)刺激時の末梢血好塩基球からのヒスタミン遊離について検討を加えた。(1)抗ヒトIgEおよびCaI刺激時の好塩基球からのヒスタミン遊離は,非アトピー型喘息に比べ,アトピー型喘息において有意に高い値を示した。(2)これらの刺激物質によるヒスタミン遊離は,非使用例に比べ,ステロイド依存性喘息において低い傾向がみられた。また,年齢では39才以下,発症年齢では39才以下でヒズタミン遊離がより高い傾向がみられた。(3)血清IgE値の高い症例の好塩基球は,低い症例に比べより多くのヒスタミンを遊離する傾向がみられた。(4)全般的には,抗ヒトIgE刺激によるヒスタミン遊離とCaI刺激時の遊離との間にはある程度の相関がみられた。以上の結果より,好塩基球の反応性はいろいろの条件下でかなり異なることが示唆された。
Keywords Histamine release (ヒスタミン遊離) Basophils (好塩基球) Anti-lgE (抗ヒトIgE) Calcium ionophore A 23187 (カルシウムイオノフォァA23187) Bronchial asthma (気管支喘息)
Publication Title 環境病態研報告
Published Date 1990-09
Volume volume61
Start Page 16
End Page 22
ISSN 0913-3771
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313673
JaLCDOI 10.18926/fest/11578
Title Alternative Consideration for the correlation between basicity of oxide glasses and chemical shift of O1s binding energy in XPS
FullText URL 003_145_156.pdf
Author Nanba, Tokuro| Miura, Yoshinari|
Abstract Binding energy of O1s core electron measured in XPS is a candidate to determine new scale of Lewis basicity of oxide ion in glass. Some mathematical expressions for the basicity or XPS chemical shift, such as charge parameter and optical basicity, are compared with experimental O1s binding energy in binary alkali oxide glasses. The expressions so far in use need some modification in parameters. A new empirical expression introduced in this paper gives new concept and universal scale of basicity.
Publication Title 岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
Published Date 1998-01-14
Volume volume3
Issue issue1
Start Page 145
End Page 156
ISSN 1341-9099
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313359
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15121
Title Alternative 気管支喘息患者の血清コーチゾール値について. 副腎皮質ホルモン投与および年齢との関連
FullText URL 066_030_036.pdf
Author Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Kajimoto, Kazuhiro| Yokota, Satoshi| Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Ochi, Koji| Harada, Hideo| Ikeda, Satoru| Taketa, Kazuhisa|
Abstract Serum cortisol levels were examined in 94 patients with bronchial asthma in relation to dose of glucocorticoids and age. 1. The level of serum cortisol was significantly lower in group A patients, treated with glucocorticoids (prednisolone of 5mg/day or more) for more than 2 years, (2.4±1.2mcg/㎗) than in group B, treated with glucocorticoids (prednisolone of 5mg or less) for less than 2 years, (6.8±3.7mcg/㎗) (p<0.001) and in group C, treated without glucocorticoids, (12.6±3.9mcg/㎗) (p<0.001). The serum cortisol level was also significantly lower in group B than in group C (p<0.001). 2. The level of serum cortisol was significantly lower in patients over the age of 70 compared to that in those aged between 0 and 39 years (p<0.01) and those between 40 and 49 (p<0.05), and those between 50 and 59 (p<0.02). The level was also lower in patients between 60 and 69 compared to that in those between 0 and 39, however, this was not significant. These results demonstrate that the level of serum cortisol decreases by long-term glucocorticoid regimen and with aging.
Abstract Alternative 気管支喘息94例を対象に,副腎皮質ホルモン投与および年齢との関連のもとに,血清コーチゾール値の変動を観察した。まず副腎皮質ホルモンの投与量および投与期間により以下の3群に分けて検討した。グループA :副腎皮質ホルモン,プレドニソロンに換算して1日5mg以上を2年間以上にわたり使用している症例,グループB:プレドニソロン1日5mg以下で2年間以内の使用症例, グループC:副腎皮質ホルモンを全く使用していない症例。その結果,グループAの血清コーチゾ-ル値(2.4±1.2mcg/㎗)は,グループB (6.8±3.7mcg/㎗)(p 0.01)やC(12.6±3.9mcg/㎗)(p 0.001)に比べ有意に低い値であった。2、グループCでは,70才以上の症例の血清コーチゾ-ル値は,0-39才の症例(p 0.0l),40-49才の症例(p 0.05),そして,50-59才の症例(p 0.02)に比べ有意に低い値であった。これらの結果は,血清コーチゾール値は,副腎 皮質ホルモンの投与量や投与期間以外にも、加齢による影響を受ける可能性を示唆している。
Keywords serum cortisol level (血清コーチゾール) bronchial asthma (気管支喘息) clinical asthma type (臨床病型) glucocorticoids (副腎皮質ホルモン) aging (加齢)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1995-09
Volume volume66
Start Page 30
End Page 36
ISSN 0918-7839
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307345
JaLCDOI 10.18926/fest/11576
Title Alternative Dynamics of the Indian Automobile Industry: Recent Growth and Location
FullText URL 003_135_144.pdf
Author Tomozawa, Kazuo|
Abstract In recent years, India has enjoyed economic prosperity that she had never experienced from the time on the independence. This article discusses dynamics of the automobile industry, one of the highest growth manufacturing sectors under the liberalization policy in the 1990s. After a brief historical explanation of the industry, the author describes corporate strategies of new comers, classified into three divisions; i.e. passenger car, commercial vehicle and two wheelers. Then he also analyze their distribution patterns from the view point of transport cost and Indian industrial location policy. The location of car assembly units in the 1990s tends to concentrate in greenfields on the outskirts of the existing agglomerations of the automobile industry.
Keywords automobile industry liberalization industrial location India
Publication Title 岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
Published Date 1998-01-14
Volume volume3
Issue issue1
Start Page 135
End Page 144
ISSN 1341-9099
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002314042
JaLCDOI 10.18926/fest/11575
FullText URL 005_099_105.pdf
Author Taniguchi, Takeo|
Abstract Delaunay triangulation, a geometric subdivision of any convex domain, is often used as a finite element modeling method, but there are still several problems, which originally come from the characteristics of Delaunay triangulation. One problem appears when we remove some nodes which are already introduced for the triangulation. In this case we aim to obtain the triangulation without nodes by partial modification of the Delaunay triangulation with the node. Another problem occurs when tetrahedra with zero volume are generated by Delaunay triangulation. In this case they must be removed for the numerical analysis in order to guarantee the numerical stability and good numerical solutions. In this paper these two problems occuring at the use of Delaunay triangulation are theoretically discussed.
Keywords Delaunay triangulation Degeneracy Tetrahedron Automatic mesh generation
Publication Title 岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
Published Date 2000-02-29
Volume volume5
Issue issue1
Start Page 99
End Page 105
ISSN 1341-9099
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313608
JaLCDOI 10.18926/fest/11574
FullText URL 003_127_134.pdf
Author Shimada, Kiyoshi|
Abstract This paper discusses the shear strength and volume change characteristics of a loose Fraser River sand. Suction-controlled simple shear tests were carried out for the unsaturated sand. Drained tests for the saturated sand were also carried out for the comparison with the unsaturated sand. The increase of the shear strength of the sand with the matric suction is very small and there is almost no increase of that over 20 kPa of the matric suction. The suppression effect of the matric suction on the volume change bahavior during shear is small, and the degree of dilation increases with the increase of the matric suction.
Keywords unsaturated sand shear strength simple shear test matric suction volume change dilatancy
Publication Title 岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
Published Date 1998-01-14
Volume volume3
Issue issue1
Start Page 127
End Page 134
ISSN 1341-9099
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313902
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15120
Title Alternative 老年者気管支喘息の各臨床病型における換気機能の特徴
FullText URL 066_021_029.pdf
Author Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Kajimoto, Kazuhiro| Yokota, Satoshi| Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Ochi, Koji| Harada, Hideo| Ikeda, Satoru| Taketa, Kazuhisa|
Abstract Ventilatory function was examined in 55 patients with asthma (25 older patients over the age of 60 and 30 younger patients under the age of 59) in relation to four clinical types classified by clinical symptoms and signs. 1. Regarding cellular composition of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid, number of BAL neutrophils was significantly increased in type II, bronchiolar obstruction type, of older and younger patients compared to that in type la-1 and type la-2 of same patients. In contrast, BAL eosinophilia was observed in type la-2 of both older and younger patients and in type Ib of younger patients. 2. The values of % FVC, FEV(1.0%) and % PEFR were not significantly different among four clinical types of asthma and between older and younger patients, although the values of these ventilatory parameters in type II asthma showed a tendency to be lower compared to other clinical types. 3. The values of % MMF, % V(50), and % V(25), showing ventilatory dysfunction of small airways, were lowest in type II asthma of both older and younger patients among four clinical types. A significant difference in these ventilatory parameters of type II asthma compared to type la-1 asthma was observed in younger patients, but not in older patients. These results show that ventilatory dysfunction of small airways is related to clinical asthma types in younger patients, and to aging rather than asthma types in older patients.
Abstract Alternative 気管支喘息55例(老年症例-65才以上-25例,若年症例-59才以下-30例)における換気機能の特徴について,各臨床病型別に検討を加えた。1.まず対象症例の臨床病型の病態的特徴を,気管支肺胞洗浄(BAL)液中の細胞成分で検討 すると,Ⅱの細気管支閉塞型の症例では,好中球の増加が,またIa-2やIbの過分泌型の症例では好酸球の増加が特徴的であった。2.% FVC,FEVL(1.0%),% PEFRなどの換気パラメーターは,Ⅱ型において他の病型に比べ低値を示す傾向は見られたが,各病型間に有意差は見られなかった。3.% MMF,% V(50),% V(25)などのどちらかと言えば小ないし細気管支領域の換気障害を示す換気パラメーターの値は,老年および若年症例ともⅡ型(細気管支閉塞型)において最も低い値が示された。そして,若年症例では,Ⅱ型の症例においてこれからの換気パラメーターの値は,Ia-1型(単純性気管支攣縮型)に比べ有意に低い値を示した。しかし,老年症例ではⅡ型におけるこれらの換気パラメータ-の値は,他の臨床病型との問に有意の差は見られなかった。
Keywords Ventilatory function (換気機能) Clinical asthma type (臨床病型) BAL cells (BAL細胞) aging (加齢)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1995-09
Volume volume66
Start Page 21
End Page 29
ISSN 0918-7839
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308008
Author Fuchigami, Katsuyoshi|
Published Date 2008-02-25
Publication Title 岡山大学教育学部研究集録
Volume volume137
Issue issue1
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15119
Title Alternative 気管支喘息患者の気管支肺胞細胞からのヒスタミンとロイコトリエンC4遊離 ―アトピー性喘息におけるヒスタミンの役割について―
FullText URL 066_014_020.pdf
Author Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Mifune, Takashi| Kajimoto, Kazuhiro| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Yokota, Satoshi| Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Ochi, Koji| Harada, Hideo|
Abstract To clarify the main humoral triggering factor (histamine and/or leukotriene) of the early stage of asthma attacks, the release of histamine and leukotriene C4 (LTC4) from bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells stimulated with Ca ionophore A23187 was examined in 7 patients with atopic asthma, and the results were compared to those in 7 nonatopic asthma patients. 1. The proportion of BAL basophilic cells was significantly higher in atopic patients than in nonatopic patients (p<0.05). 2. The content of histamine in BAL fluid was significantly higher in atopic (2.3mcg/mℓ) comparted to that in nonatopic patients (0mcg/mℓ)(p<0.001). The content of LTC4 was high in nonatopic (2.4ng/mℓ) than in atopic patients (0.5ng/ mℓ), however, this was not significant. 3. The release of histamine from BAL cells was 32.6% in atopic and 0% in nonatopic patients, and this was significant (p<0.001). The release of LTC4 from BAL cells was significantly higher in nonatopic (11.3ng/10(6)cell) than in atopic (3.5ng/10(6)cell)(p<0.02). The results demonstrate that histamine play more important role in atopic patients as a main triggering factor of attacks than LTC4. In contrast, in nonatopic patients, LTC4 is more predominant than histamine during early stage of asthma attacks.
Abstract Alternative 気管支喘息発作初期に関与する液性因子(ヒスタミン,ロイコトリエン)の役割を明らかにするために,気管支肺胞洗浄(BAL)細胞からのカルシウムイオノフォアA23187によるヒスタミンとロイコトリエンC4 (LTC4)遊離の検討を行った。対象はアトピー性喘息患者7名,非アトピー性喘息患者7名とした。1.BAL液中の好塩基性細胞の比率は,アトピー性喘息患者において有意に高値を示した。2.BAL液中ヒスタミン濃度は非アトピー性喘息患者(0mcg/mℓ)に比して,アトピー性喘息患者(2.3mcg/mℓ)において有意に高値を示した。一方,BAL液中LTC4濃度は,アトピー性喘息患者(0.5ng/mℓ)に比し て非アトピー性喘息患者(2.4ng/mℓ)において,高値を示したが,有意差は見られなかった。3.BAL細胞からのヒスタミン遊離は非アトピー性喘息患者(0%)に比して,アトピー性喘息患者(32.6%)において有意に高値を示した。LTC4遊離はアトピー性瑞息患者(3.5ng/10(6)胞)に比して,非アトピー性喘息患者(ll.3ng/10(6)細胞)において有意に高値を示した。以上より,喘息発作初期に関与する液性因子としては,アトピー性喘息患者においてはヒスタミンが重要であり,非アトピー性喘息患者においてはLTC4が,重要であることが,明らかになった。
Keywords Histamine LTC4 BAL cells atopic asthma
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1995-09
Volume volume66
Start Page 14
End Page 20
ISSN 0918-7839
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307251
JaLCDOI 10.18926/fest/11570
FullText URL 003_105_120.pdf
Author Kidtimonton Surasri| Mitsuno, Toru|
Abstract Two optimization models are formulated based on different objectives for assisting the irrigation planner in making decision on agricultural planning during drought year. The sensitive degree of water shortage area in the irrigation project are classified by those models. They are solved by simplex method. Firstly, the Two-phase method is applied to analyze the artificial variables in the formulated model. Then, the formulated model is modified after getting rid of the artificial variables to obtain the feasible solution. The agricultural planning is planned by considering the classified area with social equity and economic improvement. Crop diversification is introduced to conduct in the very sensitive water shortage area and intermittent irrigation system is introduced to operate in the moderately sensitive water shortage area. The integrated farming system, the separation of land owner and cultivator and the disposition of substitute lots system are also suggested to conduct in this study project.
Keywords agricultural planning Two-phase method integrated farming sensitive water shortage disposition of substitute lots system
Publication Title 岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
Published Date 1998-01-14
Volume volume3
Issue issue1
Start Page 105
End Page 120
ISSN 1341-9099
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313819
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15118
Title Alternative ステロイド依存性重症難治性気管支喘息患者の血清コルチゾールに対する温泉療法の影響
FullText URL 066_008_013.pdf
Author Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Kajimoto, Kazuhiro| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Yokota, Satoshi| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Abstract Serum cortisol levels before and after spa therapy were compared in 30 patients with steroid-dependent intractable asthma (SDIA) in relation to clinical asthma types. 1. The mean level of serum cortisol in patients with type la-1 asthma was 2.0±0.7mcg/dℓ before spa therapy, and significantly increased to 9.0±3.1mcg/dℓ (p<0.001). The serum cortisol level of patients with type la-2 also significantly increased from 3.3±1.5mcg/dℓ before spa therapy to 5.9±3.1 mcg/dℓ after the therapy (p<0.05). 2. The level of serum cortisol in patients with type Ib increased from 4.0±1.6mcg/dℓ to 7.8±1.4mcg/ dℓ after spa therapy (p<0.001). In contrast, the serum cortisol levels in patients with type II were not significantly different before (2.7±1.3mcg/dℓ) and after spa therapy (3.5±3.0mcg/dℓ). The results showed that an increase in the levels of serum cortisol by spa therapy was more clearly observed in patients with type la-1 asthma compared to that in type la-2 or type Ib, and that, in contrast, the serum cortisol levels in patients with type II asthma did not significantly increase by spa therapy, since their asthma attacks were always severe and chronic in spite of long-term glucocorticoid regimen.
Abstract Alternative ステロイド依存性重症難治性気管支喘息患者30名において温泉療法前後の血清コルチゾール値を,臨床病型に基づいて検討した。1.Ia-1型の症例における血清コルチゾール値は温泉療法前の2.0±0.7μg/dℓから9.0±3.lμg/dℓに有意に増加していた(p<0.001)。Ia-2型でも3.3±1.5μg/dℓから5.9±3.1g/dℓに有意に増加していた(pく0.05)。 2.Ib型では温泉療法前後で4.0±1.6μg/dℓから7.8±1.4μg/dℓに有意に増加した。一方,Ⅱ型の症例では,温泉療法前2.7±1.3μg/dℓ,温泉療法後3.5±3.0μg/dℓで有意な変化は認められなかった。以上のように,温泉療法の血清コルチゾールに対する効果は,Ia-2,Ib型に比較してIa-1型で明らかであった。一方,Ⅱ型の気管支喘息症例の血清コルチゾ-ル値は,温泉療法によって有意な変化を認めなかった。これは長期にわたる副腎皮質ホルモン投与にかかわらず,Ⅱ型の症例の喘息発作は常に慢性的で重篤であるからと考えられる。
Keywords Serum cortisol level (血清コルチゾール値) SDIA (ステロイド依存性重症難治性気管支喘息) clinical asthma type (気管支喘息臨床病型) spa therapy (温泉療法)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1995-09
Volume volume66
Start Page 8
End Page 13
ISSN 0918-7839
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307485
JaLCDOI 10.18926/fest/11568
FullText URL 003_097_104.pdf
Author Hassan Muhammad Qumrul| Okubo, Kenji|
Abstract Surface air temperature distribution over the Ganges Delta Region of southwest Bangladesh and its tendency of warming are discussed through the analyses based upon the long-term temperature data from 1900-93. The data consist of two parts corresponding to the time-periods: 1973-93 and 1900-72. The study area is one of most affected places by the annual monsoon hydrological cycle and the present observation from these temperature data indicate that the surface air temperature gradient in the north-south direction is significant in the rainy season and that the temperature of the region is at an increasing tendency; the warming rate during the data periods (1900-93) on the long-term mean annual basis is estimated as 0.77℃ at Satkhira of the Khulna division and 0.29℃ as an areal average including the Barisal division, for the time difference of about half a century between the data periods before and after 1972.
Publication Title 岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
Published Date 1998-01-14
Volume volume3
Issue issue1
Start Page 97
End Page 104
ISSN 1341-9099
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313675