JaLCDOI 10.18926/fest/15046
Title Alternative Transition of Arable Land Use in Okayama Prefecture
FullText URL 014_029_036.pdf
Author Ichiminami, Fumikazu|
Abstract In this study, a long-term transition on arable land use and planted acreage in Okayama prefecture is mainly examined. There were no substantial changes at the area of the cultivated acreage and the use level of arable land before World War II. In statistics after 1965, the use level of the cultivated acreage and arable land has decreased remarkably. In this point, it is clearly observed that the cultivated acreage in 2005 has decreased by 60 percent compared with 1960 and the area of the field has importantly decresed in the same period about 80 percent. In addition, the uncultivated arable land in 2005 has increased double (or more) compared with 1975. Finally, this analysis concretely illustrated decreasing of man's concern for the production of food. Because a part of the safety of food is threatened recently, it is important in above all to procure food safely. Moreover, to reinforce a domestic production of food the decision and the execution of an effective policy are requested.
Keywords arable land use planted acreage food production Okayama prefecture
Publication Title 岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
Published Date 2009-03-16
Volume volume14
Issue issue1
Start Page 29
End Page 38
ISSN 1341-9099
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307591
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15041
Title Alternative Alcohol-induced pancreatitis
FullText URL 062_052_070.pdf
Author Harada, Hideo| Tanaka, Juntaro| Ochi, Koji| Matsumoto, Shuji| Seno, Toshinobu| lzushi, Michihiro| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Abstract 膵炎のうちもっとも頻度が高いアルコール性膵炎(AIP)の疫学,臨床像および発生機序に関する従来の知見を総括した。AIPの大多数は慢性膵炎である。通常は長期にわたる多量の飲酒を背景に発症するが,遺伝的素因および食事因子も重要な役割を演じる。発症初期には血中膵酵素の上昇をともなう腹痛が病像を支配するが,進展すると膵外分泌不全による消化吸収障害と膵内分泌不全による糖尿病が病像を支配するようになる。アルコール性慢性膵炎は非アルコール性慢性膵炎にくらべて確診時にすでに進展した症例が多く,合併症が多く,進行が早く,予後が悪い。死亡の主たる原因は癌の併発と糖尿病の合併症で,膵炎の急性増悪発作がこれにつぐ。併発する癌のなかでは膵癌よりもむしろ上部気道および上部消化管の癌が多い。発生機序としてはDuctal-Plug説とToxic-Metabolic説が有力であるが,最近は細 胞内膵酵素活性化説とFree Radical説も注目をあびている。
Abstract Alternative This paper is to review the literature on the epidemiology, clinical pictures and etiopathogenesis of alcohol-induced pancreatitis (AIP). The incidence of AIP has been increasing worldwide, paralleling the increase in alcohol consumption. AIP manifests itself following a longterm consumption of large amounts of alcohol. There is no known threshold value of alcohol consumption in terms of the risk of developing AIP, although the logarithm of the risk of developing AIP is lineally correlated with the amount of alcohol intake. Why some alcoholics develop pancreatitis whereas others with equal consumption of ethanol are spared remains to be explained. Therefore, two additional factors are considered to play important roles in developing AIP : genetic predisposition and diet. The majority of AIP IS chronic pancreatitis (AICP), although a minority can be acute pancreatitis (AIAP). AIAP shows somewhat higher morbidity and mortality than the common variety of acute pancreatitis. If recovered from an attack, AIAP shows morphological and functional restoration. AICP manifests itself with an acute attack of abdominal pain, insidious onset of abdominal pam, or a pain-free variety. An acute attack in AICP resemble that m AIAP ; often these two can be differentiated only by follow-up studies. AICP shows no morphological and functional restoration, and often shows progressive deterioration. Abdominal pain with elevated serum pancreatic enzymes is a predominant clinical picture m the early stage of AICP, whereas in the late stage symptoms and signs deriving from exocrine insufficiency (maldigestion) and endocrine insufficiency (pancreatic diabetes) begin to dominate the clinical pictures. AICP is in the more advanced stage and shows more complications than nonalcoholic chronic pancreatitis at the time of diagnosis. In addition, AICP shows more rapid progress and higher morbidity and mortality. The incidence of microangiopathy in pancreatic diabetes resemble that in primary diabetes, being higher in patients with a longer history of diabetes, those on insulin treatment and those under poorer control. Main causes of death are development of cancer in the upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tract and diabetic complications (hypoglycemic shock, renal failure, and intractable pneumonia), and acute attack of pancreatitis leads to death less frequently. Ductal-Plug theory and classical Toxic-Metabolic theory are most popular to explain the pathogenesis of AIP ; however, increasing evidence has been reported that oxygen free radicals and intracellular activation of zymogens by lysosomal enzymes may be involved in the pathogenesis.
Keywords アルコール性膵炎 (Alcohol-induced pancreatitis) 慢性膵炎 急性膵炎
Publication Title 環境病態研報告
Published Date 1991-08
Volume volume62
Start Page 52
End Page 70
ISSN 0913-3771
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307918
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/15034
Title Alternative 中国寧夏地域における日照時間から日積算日射量の推定
FullText URL 015_079_086.pdf
Author Yang, Qin| Tsukamoto, Osamu|
Abstract For the estimation of daily solar radiation from sunshine duration, observation data of Yinchuan station in Ningxia, China was used. Using a linear relationship between solar radiation and extraterrestrial radiation including relative sunshine duration and daylength, we obtained local coefficients s a =0.18, s b =0.62 from past five years data(1981-1985). Using the same method, coefficients for Guyuan region were confirmed too as a representative of south part of Ningxia province. Applying the local coefficients and calculation formula of solar radiation, we validated daily solar radiation of two years(1986-1987) of Yinchuan station and four years(1991-1994) of Guyuan station. The results showed high correlation coefficients of R2=0.94 in Yinchuan and R2=0.85 in Guyuan. Error analysis was applied using mean bias error(MBE), mean absolute bias error(MABE), root mean square error(RMSE),mean absolute percentage error(MAPE) on solar radiation of Yinchuan(1973-2006) and Guyuan(1986-2006) stations. Results showed that mean absolute bias error(MABE) was less than 13% and 17% in Yinchuan station and Guyuan station respectively. Then we have applied this method to the estimation of daily solar radiation at ‘Yongning’ station(near Yinchan) with the sunshine duration data at ‘Yongning’. The estimated values were compared with observed daily solar radiation at Yinchuan as past twelve years data(1989-2000). The results showed good linear relationship with high correlation coefficient of R2= 0.88.
Keywords Daily solar radiation Extraterrestrial radiation Relative sunshine duration Local coefficient
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2009-03-31
Volume volume15
Issue issue1
Start Page 79
End Page 86
ISSN 1340-7414
language 英語
Copyright Holders 岡山大学地球科学研究報告編集委員会
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307142
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/15033
Title Alternative Climatological study on large-scale situation associated with the cool summer around the Northeastern Japan in 1990s (in comparison with that in 1970s)
FullText URL 015_067_077.pdf
Author Senoo, Yukari| Kato, Kuranoshin|
Abstract It is pointed out by the previous studies that the Baiu front tends to stagnate around the Japan Islands even in midsummer season in 1990s, although the global warming is going on. The present study examined the climatological features of the appearance of daily fronts on the surface weather maps and the large-scale factors associated with the activity of the polar frontal zone to the north of the Baiu frontal zone based on the observational data in the summer of 1971-2000. It was found that the midsummer when the Baiu front tends to stagnate around the Japan Islands appeared rather frequently in 1970s as in 1990s. However, the baroclinicity around the Eurasian polar frontal zone was stronger in 1970s than in 1990s. Thus while the fronts around the Japan Islands in midsummer were greatly due to the southward invasion of cold front associated with the disturbances on the polar frontal zone in 1970s, the Okhotsk High tends to stagnates to the northeast of the fronts around the Japan Islands in 1990s.
Keywords Abnormal weather in summer Climate system in East Asia Cool summer Climate variation
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2009-03-31
Volume volume15
Issue issue1
Start Page 67
End Page 77
ISSN 1340-7414
language 日本語
Copyright Holders 岡山大学地球科学研究報告編集委員会
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307910
Title Alternative Developing the Program for the Social Studies Teacher Training focused on How to Use Teaching Materials.
FullText URL 140_033_041.pdf
Author Kuwabara, Toshinori|
Abstract 本研究は,社会科教師の授業力を向上させるための研修の原理の解明と,実際の具体的なプログラムの開発を,授業力のうち資料の有効な活用のために必要な力に重点をおいて行おうとしたものである。社会科の授業構成において,児童生徒に授業の中で実際に配布し彼らの思考や考えを触発する資料の役割は極めて大きいが,実際には教師自身の誤解や力量不足のために本来の役割を果たすことができていない場合も多い。しかし,一方で,そのような力の育成は,経験を積んで得られるものであって研修を通して獲得するものではないという考えもあり,なかなか計画的には育成できないでいる。本研究では,そのような固定観念を取り払って,実際に研修等で利用できる形のプログラムを開発した。
Keywords 社会科授業力 資料活用 教員研修
Publication Title 岡山大学大学院教育学研究科研究集録
Published Date 2009-02-25
Volume volume140
Start Page 33
End Page 41
ISSN 1883-2423
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307338
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14995
FullText URL 068_115_120.pdf
Author Terasaki, Kayo| 石田 三枝子| Yoshio, Keiko| Yamamoto, Sadae| Nakamura, Akemi| 福井 由美| 坂本 香須美|
Abstract 入院時の情報収集は患者の苦痛,疲労が最小限になるよう,短時間で聴取でき,適切な問題把握かできることが望ましい。しかし,当院の入院事情と重なり情報収集が円滑に進まず時間を要していた。そこで,入院前にデーターベースを患者に渡し自己記入してもらうことを試みた結果,聴取・記録時間の短縮かでき,問題点のしぼりこみも早くできるようになった。
Keywords データベース 自己記入 時間短縮
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1997-12
Volume volume68
Start Page 115
End Page 120
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308127
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14990
Title Alternative Application of hot spring pool training in outpatients with chronic diseases and its clinical evaluation
FullText URL 068_071_079.pdf
Author Nishimura, Nobuko| Kasui, Hayako| Yoshio, Keiko| Nakamura, Akemi| Ikeda, Akiko| Fukui, Yumi| Iga, Mayumi| Kuroda, Akiko|
Abstract 1996年4月より6月までの3ヵ月間に,三朝分院内の温泉プールで水泳ないし歩行訓練を受けた内科外来患者は延べ2109例(実数213例)で,外来患者総数(延べ6848例)に対する利用率は30.8%であった。これらの対象症例について,リハビリテーション受診カードにより,性別,年令別,疾患別の検討を行った。その結果,性別では女性が多く(72.3%),年齢別では50才以上の患者が多い(80.3%)傾向が見られた。また,地域別検討では,鳥取県内からの患 者が多い(88.3%)傾向であった。さらに,1996年12月より1997年1月へかけて,アンケート調査を行い(集計数;64例)継続期間,利用回数,効果を感じた期間,効果のあった症状などについて疾患別に比較検討した。その結果,慢性閉塞性肺疾患を主とした呼吸器疾患では,週に1~2回の利用回数(50.0%)で長期間(3年以上:52.9%)続けている患者が多い傾向であった。また慢性関節リウマチ,腰痛などの慢性疼痛性疾患では,訓練期間は比較的短期間であっ たが(3年以下:52.9%),利用回数は週に3~5回(38.0%)と多い傾向が見られた。温泉プール訓練では,疾患本来の症状改善に加えて,全身状態の改善,精神的リラックス,気分転換などを感じていることが示唆された。
Abstract Alternative For three months from April to June in 1996, 2109(30.8%) of 6848 outpatients (the total number) had swimming and walking traning in a hot spring pool. Of the 213 patients (the actual number), the numbers of female patients (72.3%), of patients over the age of 50 (80.3%), and of those coming inside Tottori prefecture (88.3%) were larger in analysis by the consultation cards for rehabillitation. The results of questionnaire from the patients performed from December 1996 to January 1997 demonstrated that patients with chronic respiratory disease had pool training 1 to 2 times a week (50.0%) and for longer term (more than 3 years, 52.9%), and patients with chronic pain disease had the training 3 to 5 times a week (38.0%) and for shoter term (less than 3 years, 61.9%). It was suggested from the results that tha training in a hot spring pool improved subjective and objective symptoms of each disease, and, furthermore, brought about improvement of general condition, psychological relaxation, and a change of feeling.
Keywords 温水プール水泳訓練 (swimming training in a hot spring pool) 呼吸器疾患 (respiratory disease) 慢性疼痛性疾患 (chronic pain disease)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1997-12
Volume volume68
Start Page 71
End Page 79
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308283
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14968
FullText URL 069_088_092.pdf
Author 土海 智穂| Terasaki, Kayo| 岡本 和代| 山田 修子|
Abstract 関節の変形と骨破壊を伴い,排泄動作に支障をきたしている慢性関節リウマチ患者に対し改良パンツの作成を試みた。残存機能に合わせはきなれたパンツを=夫することにより,排泄動作が自立でき満足感が得られた。
Keywords 慢性関節リウマチ 改良衣類 排泄自立 満足感
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1998-12
Volume volume69
Start Page 88
End Page 92
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308379
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14944
Title Alternative Clincal evaluation of spa effects for patients with respiratory disease and chronic pain disease
FullText URL 070_088_092.pdf
Author Nishimura, Nobuko| Terasaki, Kayo| Yamamoto, Sadae| Nakamura, Sumie|
Abstract 1998年1月より12月までの1年間に,温泉療法-主として温泉プール水泳ないし歩行訓練及び鉱泥湿布治療-を受けた158例の入院症例(呼吸器疾患78例,疼痛性疾患64例,その他16例)について退院時に臨床効果を5段階で評価してもらいそれぞれの入院期間との比較検討を行った。対象症例の年齢は70才代が最も多く,次いで60才代,50才代,80才代であった。地域分布では,鳥取県外の入院症例が72.2%を占め,県外である遠隔地としては,岡山県,兵庫県,広島県,大阪府,東京都,神奈川県からの入院が多く見られた。臨床効果は,"非常に良くなった"と,"かなり良くなった"を有効と判定し,その有効率は呼 吸器疾患では78.2%であった。一方,疼痛性疾患では,その有効率は50.0%であったが,"少し良くなった"症例を含めると,95.3%,その他の症例は68.8%であった。入院期間別に検討すると,呼吸器疾患では入院1ケ月で72.7%,2ケ月では81.8%,3ケ月以上では76.5%であった。一方,疼痛性疾患では,入院1ケ月で21.1%,2ケ月で60.0%,3ケ月で64.0%であり,呼吸器疾患と比べ,効果出現までの期間がやヽ長く,入院期間が長くなるほど,その効果は高くなる傾向が見られた。
Abstract Alternative Clinical evaluation of spatherapy, mainly swimming and walk training in a hot spring pool and fango therapy, was performed in 158 patients (78 with respiratory disease, 64 with chronic pain disease, and 16 with other diseases) who were admitted at our hospital to receive spa therapy from January to December in 1998. The number of patients over the age of 70 was largest, and the number of patients outside Tottori prefecture (72.2%) was larger than the number inside Tottori prefecture. Spa efficacy was assessed by 5 steps according to improvement of clinical symptoms; efficacy-marked, moderate,and slight, no efficacy, and worse. Spa therapy was evaluated as effective when their symptoms were markedly or moderately improved. The spa efficacy was 72.2% at 1 month, 81.8% at 2 months, and 76.5% at 3 months after spa therapy in patients with respiratory disease. In contrast, the, efficacy was 21.1% at 1 month, 60.0% at 2 months,and 64.0% at 3 months after the therapy in patients with chronic pain disease. The efficacy was higher as the term of admission was longer in patients with chronic pain disease.
Keywords 温泉療法 (spa therapy) 呼吸器疾患 (respiratory disease) 慢性疼痛性疾患 (chronic pain disease)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1999-12
Volume volume70
Start Page 88
End Page 92
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308358
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14941
Title Alternative Analysis of Factors Regarding Spa Therapy in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis
FullText URL 070_073_078.pdf
Author Yoshio, Keiko| Taguma, Masae| Noumi, Mayumi| Nakamura, Sumie| Harada, Seishi| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Abstract 1998年4月より9月までの6ヶ月間に当院へ入院し温泉療法をうけた慢性関節リウマチ患者6例を対象に,温泉治療経験の有無,年齢,機能障害度(クラス),罹患年数の4項目が温泉療法効果に及ぼす影響につき検討した。温泉治療経験の有無では治療経験を有する患者においてMHAQ(modified health assessment questionnaile),患者による疼痛評価,患者による全般活動性評価に有意な改善が見られ,年齢(75才以上,75才未満)では,75才未満においてMHAQに有意な改善傾向が見られた。機能障害度(クラス3以上,クラス2以下),罹患年数(15年以上,15年未満)においては有意差は見られなかった。温泉の永続効果を保つためには,年1~2回の入院を繰り返すことが効果的であることが示唆された。
Abstract Alternative In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who received spa therapy (ST) on admission, we examined factors for treatment response. This study included 6 RA patients and the following 4 parameters were investigated: presence or absence of previous ST, age, duration of RA, and grade of the functional disorder. Treatment response was evaluated according to the American College of Rheumatology core set measures. With respect to the presence or absence of previous ST, modified health assessment questionnaire (MHAQ), pain scale and patient global assessments in the group with previous ST were significantly improved compared to those in the group without previous ST. With respect to age, MHAQ in the group consisting of patients less than 75 years old was significantly improved compared to that in the group consisting of patients 75 years old or older. With respect to the grade of the functional disorder (class 2 or lower vs. class 3 or higher) and the duration of RA (less than 15 years vs. 15 years or more), there were no significant differences. These results suggest that repeated therapy is more effective in ST and treatment response may be relatively poor in elderly patients with RA aged over 75 years.
Keywords 慢性関節リウマチ 温泉療法
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 1999-12
Volume volume70
Start Page 73
End Page 78
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308424
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14917
FullText URL 071_094_095.pdf
Author Nakamura, Sumie|
Keywords 看護部 入院状況 運動器疾患
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 2001-02-01
Volume volume71
Start Page 94
End Page 95
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308355
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14915
FullText URL 071_089_093.pdf
Author 石田 美枝子|
Abstract 通院患者の温泉プール利用者95名を対象にアンケート調査し,主に訓練に対する満足度と期待度について調査した。 結果は有効回答85名,対象者の年齢65歳以上58名(68%)65歳末満27名(32%),疾患別では呼吸器疾患39名(45.9%)療病性疾患29名(34.1%)その他の疾患17名(20%)であった。 t検定の結果有意差(P<0.05)があったのは,療病性疾患群では呼吸器疾患群に比べ期待度が高い,訓練が頻回な群で期待度が高い,指導あり群で満足度が高い,であった。年齢別での効果では65歳末満と65歳以上の比較で有意差はなかったが,高齢者(65歳以上)において高い傾向が見られた。温泉プール訓練は高齢者に効果的な訓練と考えられ,より効果を高めるための課題として訓練指導を充実する必要がある。
Keywords 温泉プール訓練 外来通院患者 満足度 期待度
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 2001-02-01
Volume volume71
Start Page 89
End Page 93
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308152
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14914
Title Alternative Evaiuation of spa therapy by questionnaire. Characteristics of patients from distant areas.
FullText URL 071_084_088.pdf
Author Nishimura, Nobuko| Terasaki, Kayo| Yamamoto, Sadae| Yoshio, Keiko| Nakamura, Sumie| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Abstract 1999年4月~12月の9ケ月間の遠隔地からの入院患者80名(痔痛性疾患47例,呼吸器疾患33例)を対象に,岡大三朝分院に来院した動機,入院前の状態,温泉療法の効果,薬剤の変化,退院決定の動機等について退院前にアンケート調査を行い検討を加えた。対象症例の年齢は60才以上の高齢者力て多く,入院期間は1ケ月~2ケ月末満が多い傾向であった。入院前の状態では,今までの治療に不満,限界を感じて来院している症例が71例(88.7%)を占めていた。地域別では広島,大阪,京都,兵庫からの来院か多く,その他18都府県に及んでいた。アンケート結果では,疾患別による若干の傾向と,温泉療法に対する評価として症状の改善が見られ,また,使用薬剤の減量の可能性が示唆された。
Abstract Alternative Clinical evaluation of spa therapy was examined in 80 patients with respiratory disease and with joint pain including lumber pain, who came from distant areas (outside Tottori prefecture) and were admitted at Misasa Hospital by questionnaire in relation to a motive of admission, effects of spa therapy, dose of medication, a motive of discharge. In many of these patients, the age was over 60 years and duration of their admission was from two to three months. Seventy-one- (88.7%) of the 80 patients were admitted at our hospital because they were not satisfactory for the treatment of asthma which they had before. The number of patients from Hiroshima, Osaka, Kyoto, and Hyogo, prefectures was larger than the number from other distant areas. The results of the questionnaire suggest that improvement of symptoms and reduction of drugs used are ecpected by spa therapy.
Keywords 遠隔地 (distant area) 温泉療法 (spa therapy) アンケート (questionaire) 呼吸器疾患 (respiratory disease) 疼痛性疾患 (pain disease)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 2001-02-01
Volume volume71
Start Page 84
End Page 88
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308118
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14888
FullText URL 72_084_085.pdf
Author 中村 寿美江|
Keywords 看護部 入院状況 運動器疾患
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 2002-02-01
Volume volume72
Start Page 84
End Page 85
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308135
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14887
FullText URL 72_080_083.pdf
Author 西村 伸子| 寺崎 佳代| 山本 貞枝| 吉尾 慶子| 中村 寿美江|
Abstract 2000年1月~12月までの1年間に当院へ入院した呼吸器疾患のうち,気管支喘息99例と肺気腫47例を対象に,年齢・入院期間・入院の理由・再入院率を疾患別・県内外別に比較検討を行った。年齢では気管支喘息よりも肺気腫の方が,また県内外別では県外よりも県内の方が年齢層が高い傾向であった。入院期間では気管支喘息・肺気腫とも60日未満の入院期間の症例が多く見られた。入院の理由では気管支喘息・肺気腫とも県内症例においては急性増悪例が,また県外症例においては症状の改善を目的とした入院が多い傾向であり,再入院率は両 疾患とも県内症例に比べ県外症例の方がより高い傾向であった。このことから,当院の再入院症例を中心にした呼吸器疾患に対する温泉療法の傾向として,県内症例の再入院の理由の多くは急性増悪であり,遠隔地からの入院症例では症状の改善を目的とした入院が主要な理由であった。
Keywords 気管支喘息 (asthma) 肺気腫 (emphysema) 再入院 (readmission) 急性増悪 (acute exacerbation) 症状の改善 (improvement of symptoms)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 2002-02-01
Volume volume72
Start Page 80
End Page 83
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308551
Title Alternative Toward Understanding of Regional Climate in East Asia around the Last Glacial Maximum with Attention to the Seasonal Cycle and Daily Meteorological Systems
FullText URL erc_028_017_027.pdf
Author Kato, Kuranoshin| Ikeda, Shoichiro| Abe, Kana|
Abstract Regional climate system in East Asia shows the characteristic seasonal cycle affected by the Asian monsoon with various types of its sub-systems. The seasonal cycle there is also related greatly to behaviors of the frontal zones which are the boundaries of these sub-systems. Since the variation of global-scale environment such as the global warming influences on each monsoon sub-system in rather different manner, it is necessary to understand the joint effects of these subsystems, in order to predict the regional climate change in East Asia in the global warming. In such research, it would be also useful to examine the features in the ice age, as an opposite extreme situation against the global warming. Thus the present paper will discuss some viewpoints in investigating the regional climate in the Last Glacial Maximum with attention to the seasonal cycle and daily meteorological systems.
Keywords Climate in East Asia Seasonal cycle Frontal zone Last Glacial Maximum
Publication Title 環境制御
Published Date 2006-12
Volume volume28
Start Page 17
End Page 27
ISSN 0917-1533
language 日本語
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14498
FullText URL 005_181_184.pdf
Author 教育実践総合センター|
Publication Title 岡山大学教育実践総合センター紀要
Published Date 2005
Volume volume5
Issue issue1
Start Page 181
End Page 184
ISSN 1346-3705
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308655
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14495
Title Alternative New immunization procedure for production of monoclonal antibodies which recognize carbohydrate of glycoprotein
FullText URL 062_038_045.pdf
Author Ooyama, Kunio| Watarai, Shinobu| Yasuda, Tatsuji|
Abstract 糖タンパク質糖鎖に対するモノクローナル抗体を効率よくとるための免疫方法の検討をおこなった。抗原としては糖鎖のがん性変化のひとつであるbisecting N-acetyiglucosamine構造をもつオボムコイド(OVM)をとりあげた。OVM全分子を通常のフロインド完全アジュバントでくりかえし感作する方法では糖鎖を認識するモノクローナル抗体をとることはできなかった。またOVMをリポソームニ重膜に挿入する方法でも同様であった。これに対してOVMからプロナーゼ消化により糖ペプチドを調製し,アジュバント活性をもつリピドAを共存させたリポソームに共有結合した抗原を感作したマウスからは高率に糖鎖と反応するモノクローナル抗体をとることができた。しかしながらこれらの抗体はいずれもサブタイプはIgMであった。
Abstract Alternative New immunization method for production of monoclonal anitibodies which recognize oligosaccharide portion of glycoprotein was developed. Conventional immunization method in which glycoprotein was emulsified with Freund's complete adjuvant could not produce anti-carbohydrate monoclonal antibody. Glycopeptide which was prepared by pronase digestion of glycoprotein conjugated liposomes containing lipid A of Salmonella minnesota were revealed good antigen for prodution of anti-carbohydrate monoclonal anitibodies. By this new immunization method several monoclonal antibodies which recognize mainly carbohydrate portion of ovomucoide were established.
Keywords モノクローナル抗体 (Monoclonal antibody) 糖タンパク質 (glycoprotein) オボムコイド (ovmucoide) 酵素免疫測定法 (enzyme immunoassay) リポソーム (liposome) lipid A
Publication Title 環境病態研報告
Published Date 1991-08
Volume volume62
Start Page 38
End Page 45
ISSN 0913-3771
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308209
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14462
Title Alternative "Katei-Hyojun, Curriculum Standard of Music (temporary version) for compulsory education" by the Ministry ofEducation, People's Republic of China
FullText URL 004_147_161.pdf
Author Meng, Yan| Oku, Shinobu|
Abstract 中華人民共和国教育部は2000年に日本の『学習指導要領』にあたる『課程標準』を制定した。『課程標判は2002年までが試行期間とされている。これはそれ以前の『教学大綱』を現在の中国の教育事情に合わせて改訂したものであり,社会的な変動を受けて理念や構成方法なども大きく変えられている。試行案とはいうものめ,今後の中国の教育施策の基本となるものとして提示されている。しかしながら,日本においては音楽の『課程標準』に関する論評はこれまで断片的なものしか出されていない。全体像を把握することは音楽教育研究にとって重要であると考え,ここに『全日制義務教育の音楽課程の標準(試行案)』全文を日本語に翻訳した。
Abstract Alternative This is a Japanese version of "Katei-Hyojun, Curriculum Standard of Music (temporary version) for compulsory education" of People's Republic of China, The Ministry of Education enacted a revised version of "Kyogaku-taiko, General Prinsiples of Teaching and Learning" in 20I0t0 w. as expected to enforce formally in 2002T.he principles and construstion are up-dated due to the educational situation of the couMntroyr.eover, it presentes the fundamental education policy for fuIntu Jraep. an, several studies on it have already been done but most of them are fragmentaIrt yi.s very neccesary to see the whole.
Keywords 課程標準 全日制義務教育 素質教育 美育 価値観
Publication Title 岡山大学教育実践総合センター紀要
Published Date 2004
Volume volume4
Issue issue1
Start Page 147
End Page 161
ISSN 1346-3705
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308065
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14410
Title Alternative A Survey on Role and Actual Working Status of the Special Needs Education Coordinator in Public Elementary and Junior High School
FullText URL 008_117_126.pdf
Author Miyake, Yasukatsu| Yokogawa, Shinji| Yoshitoshi, Munehisa|
Abstract 本研究では、小・中学校における特別支援教育コーディネーターを対象に質問紙調査(144校)を実施し、その職務の状況と校内体制の在り方に関して考察を行った(回収率;59.0%,85校)。その結果、特別支援教育コーディネーターの活動は、校内での支援体制づくりの過程にあり、多くが現在の体制について満足しておらず、「校務分掌や担任の仕事が忙しく、時間がない」、「教職員の理解が得られない」といった課題を感じていた。今後、地域性や校内事情を考慮しながらも、一定のコーディネーター像を確立した上で、特別支援教育に関する学校全体の意識を高めていく必要性が示唆された。
Keywords 特別支援教育 (Special Needs Education) 特別支援教育コーディネーター (Special Needs Education Coordinator) 校内体制 (School System)
Publication Title 岡山大学教育実践総合センター紀要
Published Date 2008-03-10
Volume volume8
Issue issue1
Start Page 117
End Page 126
ISSN 1346-3705
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308195