JaLCDOI 10.18926/792
Title Alternative In Vitro Rooting and Multiple Buds Formation from Asparagus Lateral Buds with Ancymidol
FullText URL 061_030_035.pdf
Author Mifune, Takashi| Kawauchi, Kazuhisa| Kitani, Hikaru| Sudo, Michiyasu| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
Abstract 高齢者の増加やいわゆるcompromised hostの増加により,肺結核症の臨床像が変化してきている。肺結核に典型的な臨床像を呈さず,頻回の喀疾検査にても抗酸菌を証明できなかった6症例に対し,気管支肺胞洗浄(bronchoalveolar lavage:BAL)を施行し,得られた洗浄液・吸引液の塗抹標本から抗酸菌を証明し,気管支粘膜の変化を認めた。以上の結果より,気管支型の結核症が増加してきている可能性が考えられた。気管支肺胞洗浄は,気管支型の結核症を含め,結核症の診断に有効と考えられた。
Keywords 肺結核 (Pulmonary tuberculosis) 気管支型結核症 (Tuberculosis of mucous membrane) 気管支肺胞洗浄法 (Bronchoalveolar lavage) 抗酸菌 (Acid fast bacilli)
Publication Title 環境病態研報告
Published Date 1990-09
Volume volume61
Start Page 30
End Page 35
ISSN 0913-3771
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002304746
Title Alternative エンドウ褐紋病菌の胞子発芽液に含まれるピサチン蓄積誘導物質の分離と性質
FullText URL 059_0001_0009.pdf
Author Thanutong, Porntip| Oku, Hachiro| Shiraishi, Tomonori| Ouchi, Seiji|
Abstract An elicitor of pisatin accumulation was isolated and partially characterized from spore germination fluid, mycelial extract, and cell wall preparation of a pea pathogen, Mycosphaerella pinodes. The elicitor was found to be a polysaccharide or glycoprotein and the active component was composed of glucose. The approximate molecular weight was 70,000 daltons. This elicitor elicited pisatin accumulation in pea leaves at a concentration of 10 ug/ml and the maximum activity was ca. 350-400 ug/ml, but did not elicit phytoalexins in soybean, bean, and red clover. High molecular weight preparations from the mycelial extract and mycelial wall of Mycosphaerella melonis and Stemphylium sarcinaeforme, nonpathogens of pea, elicited pisatin accumulation in pea leaves.
Publication Title 岡山大学農学部学術報告
Published Date 1982
Volume volume59
Issue issue1
Start Page 1
End Page 9
ISSN 0474-0254
language 英語
File Version publisher
Title Alternative 殺菌剤、ベノミル、チウラムの土壌微生物相と2~3の土壌生息性糸状菌に及ぼす影響
FullText URL 054_0001_0008.pdf
Author Oku, Hachiro| Oki, Kazuo| Shiraishi, Tomonori| Sato, Kenji| Ouchi, Seiji|
Abstract Effects of Benomyl and Thiram on the soil microflora and some soil inhabitant fungi were studied using the_ soil (sandy loam) of the experimental field, Okayama University. Under field conditions, heavy application of Benomyl did not affect significantly the soil microflora. Thiram, however, reduced the fungal population in soil to 1/6 at the next day of treatment, but recovered to the normal level after 6 days. Under laboratory conditions, both fungicides did not affect soil microflora. Population of Benomyl-to lerant fungi was about 1/10 of the total fungi and increased slightly in the field soil by treatment with Benomyl at the later stage of experiment during June to October. Neither Thiram-tolerant fungus nor bacterium was found in both Thiram-treated and non-treated soils. A fungus highly tolerant to Benomyl was isolated and identified as Aspergillus versicolor, and found to not have the metabolic activity to degrade BCM. The absorption of BCM by the mycelia of this tolerant fungus, A. versicolor, was less than half of the BCM-sensitive one, such as Cladosporium harbarum.
Publication Title 岡山大学農学部学術報告
Published Date 1979
Volume volume54
Issue issue1
Start Page 1
End Page 8
ISSN 0474-0254
language 英語
File Version publisher
Title Alternative Cutting for Single-truss Tomatoes planted with high Density
FullText URL 052_0013_0023.pdf
Author Matsubara, Sachiko| Masuda, Tadao|
Abstract 実生苗とさし木苗を用いて,トマトの一段密植栽培を行い,その収量,収穫果の品質をみた. まずさし木をするための最良の条件をみたところ,くんたん培土に25~25cmのえき芽をさし,25~30℃の温度条件下におくと最もよく発根した. 発根状態を組織学的に観察すると,夏の条件下ではさし木3日後基部の師部に垂層分裂が始まり,5日目には茎組織の形成層と連絡がとれ,7日目に根が表皮の外へ伸長した. 次に実際に一段密植栽培(13400本/a)で,夏期普通栽培と抑制栽培をおこない,実生苗とさし木苗による収量と収穫果の品質を比較してみた. 夏期栽培では,実生苗と比較してさし木苗で1株あたりの果数がふえで収量が高くなった. 正常果率も高く,異常果ではとくに空洞果,尻ぐされ果が少なくなった. 着果節位は3節位低くなり,栽培期間は40日位短縮された. 抑制栽培では品種によりさし木苗と,実生苗で収量の高いものがみられ,それは1株あたりの果数が多いことによっている. 正常果率はほとんど変らず,異常果としてはさし木苗区で小粒果が多かった。
Publication Title 岡山大学農学部学術報告
Published Date 1978
Volume volume52
Issue issue1
Start Page 13
End Page 23
ISSN 0474-0254
language 日本語
File Version publisher
Title Alternative Control Measure of Brown Spot of Grapes
FullText URL 049_0001_0006.pdf
Author Oku, Hachiro| Hatamoto, Motomu| Ouchi, Seiji| Shiraishi, Tomonori| Tateishi, Michihiro| Fujii, Shintaro|
Abstract ブドウ褐点病防除のための農薬のスクリーニングを行なうとともに,発生生態の観察結果を含めて本病の防除施策について論じた. 供用農薬のなかでは,ベンレート,サニパー,DF125が有効であった. 自然発生,特に汚果の防止には硫酸ニコチンの混用が有効であった. 外気の直接導入を避けるような温室出入口の構造改善,室内浄化,誘枝線の更新,過湿の回避などが有効な技術的な防除策と考えられた。
Publication Title 岡山大学農学部学術報告
Published Date 1977
Volume volume49
Issue issue1
Start Page 1
End Page 6
ISSN 0474-0254
language 日本語
File Version publisher
Title Alternative クラドスポリウム属菌によるブドウの褐点病について
FullText URL 048_0017_0022.pdf
Author Ouchi, Seiji| Hatamoto, Motomu| Oku, Hachiro| Shiraishi, Tomonori| Yokoyama, Tatsuo| Tateishi, Michihiro| Fujii, Shintaro|
Abstract Cladosporium cladosporioides (Fresenius) de Vries and Cladosporium herbarum (Pers. ) Link ex Fr. were isolated from grape berries that had been commonly called 'black navel', and were found to cause the disease. In view of the colour of lesions that were observed most frequently at the stage of maturing, the disease was named brown spot of grapes.
Publication Title 岡山大学農学部学術報告
Published Date 1976
Volume volume48
Issue issue1
Start Page 17
End Page 22
ISSN 0474-0254
language 英語
File Version publisher
Title Alternative Chitin Component in Haustorial Wall of Powdery Mildew Fungus of Barley
FullText URL 047_0021_0024.pdf
Author Shiraishi, Tomonori| Ouchi, Seiji| Oku, Hachiro|
Abstract 純寄生性病害の感染成立に中心的役割を演ずると考えられている吸器の性質を明らかにするために,オオムギうどんこ病菌の吸器形成過程における吸器壁のキチン質の生成に関して組織化学的に検討した. その結果,吸器壁はキトーサン反応陽性で,菌糸壁と同様キチン質がその骨格をなしているものと考えられる. さらに,経時的な検討の結果,感染初期に形成される吸器原基において,すでにキチン反応が陽性であり,キチン合成系の活性化は,吸器機能発現のための一つの重要な過程であると推定される。
Publication Title 岡山大学農学部学術報告
Published Date 1976
Volume volume47
Issue issue1
Start Page 21
End Page 24
ISSN 0474-0254
language 日本語
File Version publisher
Title Alternative 土壌菌による有機塩素殺菌剤、ダコニールの吸収と脱クロールについて
FullText URL 047_0007_0013.pdf
Author Oku, Hachiro| Shiraishi, Tomonori| Ouchi, Seiji| Horiuchi, Sayoko|
Abstract Fungi tolerant to an organochlorine fungicide, tetrachloroisophthalonitrile (TCPN), was selected and isolated from various soil samples, and examined for the activity to metabolize TCPN. The population of tolerant fungi was extremely large in the plastic house - soil on which TCPN has been used for six years to control diseases. This is probably due to the change of soil microflora owing to the decline of TCPN-sensitive competitors. Many tolerant fungi took up TCPN very rapidly from culture filtrate. Of ten tolerant isolates tested, two isolates, C-F- I and V-P-5, were found to metabolize TCPN. The metabolite was isolated in pure form by preparative TLC, and identified as trichloroisophthalonitrile by mass spectrometry. C-F-1 was identified as Aspergillus luchuensis and V-P-5 as Penicillium godlewskii. Namely, these soil fungi dechlorinate from tetrachloroisophthalontrile to trichloroisophthalonitrile.
Publication Title 岡山大学農学部学術報告
Published Date 1976
Volume volume47
Issue issue1
Start Page 7
End Page 13
ISSN 0474-0254
language 英語
File Version publisher
Title Alternative 農業用殺菌剤、植物病原菌の有害代謝産物によるファイトアレキシンの生産
FullText URL 042_0017_0020.pdf
Author Oku, Hachiro| Nakanishi, Toshiro| Shiraishi, Tomonori| Ouchi, Seiji|
Abstract The endocarp of the fresh pea pod incubated with solution or suspension of agricultural fungicides, phytotoxic metabolites of plant pathogenic fungi formed the pea phytoalexin, pisatin. Among the compounds tested, cycloheximide, triazine, dichlone, phenyimercury acetate, UV degradation product of phenylmercury acetate, triphenyltin fungicides, and 3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole induced pisatin. Ophiobolin, a toxin from Cochliobolus mtyabeanus, and ascochitine, a toxic metabolite from Ascochyta fabae, also induced pisatin. The possibilities of the development of harmless plant disease control agents was discussed in relation- to the induced synthesis of phytoalexins.
Publication Title 岡山大学農学部学術報告
Published Date 1973
Volume volume42
Issue issue1
Start Page 17
End Page 20
ISSN 0474-0254
language 英語
File Version publisher
Title Alternative 岡山県新庄村で収穫されたサルナシ(Actinidia Arguta)果実の成分特性
FullText URL 94_009_013.pdf
Author Okamoto, Goro| Goto, Shintaro|
Abstract Actinidia arguta fruits were collected from cultivated and wild vines in Shinjo Village, Okayama Prefecture, in order to evaluate their compositional characteristics, especially as a possible "healthy fruit". Imported kiwifruit (cv.Hayward) and lemon (cultivar unknown), and domestic apple (cv.Fuji) were purchased at a market in Okayama and analyzed for the reference. Hard-mature and soft-ripe fruits of normal size were harvested from each vine as well as soft-ripe small-sized fruit. Juice vitamin C contents were as high as 220mg/100mL in hard-mature Mine-ko fruit with a normal size and 260mg/100mL in soft-ripe small Mitsu-ko fruit. Vitamin C contents in kiwifruit, lemon, and apple were about 100mg/100ml, 50mg/100ml, respectively. Juice total polyphenol content and DPPH radical scavenging activity in A. arguta fruit but the total sugar content was the lowest. Flesh Ca, Mg, Mn contents were higher in A. arguta fruit than in kiwifruit and apple. From these results, A.arguta fruit produced in Shinjo can be evaluated as vitamin C-rich fruit with abundant polyphenol substances, and several useful minerals such as Ca, Mg, and Mn.
Abstract Alternative 岡山県新庄村で栽培されているサルナシ果実の健康食品としての評価を行うために,同地区のサルナシ園で生産された3品種(光香,峰香,在来種)の果実,及び近隣の山地で収穫された野生サルナシ果実の成分分析を行った.参考として,岡山市内のマーケットで購入された輸入のキウイフルーツ(ヘイワード),レモン(品種不明),及び国産のリンゴ(ふじ)の成分も調査した.サルナシ栽培品種では,収穫適期でも硬熟状態のものと軟熟状態のものが混在し,さらに普通の果実の半分程度の小果実(すべて軟熟)も混在した.果汁のビタミンC含量は,峰香の硬熟果と光香の小果で220~260㎎/100mLと非常に高い値を示した.市販のキウイフルーツのビタミンC含量は約100㎎,レモンで50㎎,リンゴは4㎎/100mL程度であった.サルナシ果汁の全ポリフェノール含量とラジカル消去能はキウイフルーツと大差がなかったが,リンゴに比べれば有意に高かった.サルナシはキナ酸含量が最も高く,無機成分のN,Ca,Mg,Mn含量が高かったが,糖含量は低かった.本分析結果から,サルナシ果実はビタミンとポリフェノールが豊富で,現代人の食事で不足しがちなミネラルも多いことから,健康食品として評価されうる。
Keywords Actinidia arguta fruit composition vitamin C polyphenol minerals
Publication Title 岡山大学農学部学術報告
Published Date 2005-02-01
Volume volume94
Issue issue1
Start Page 9
End Page 13
ISSN 0474-0254
language 英語
File Version publisher
Author Takeda, Akira| Senda, Jiro|
Published Date 1957
Publication Title Berichte des Ohara Instituts für landwirtschaftliche Biologie, Okayama Universität
Volume volume11
Issue issue1
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14842
Title Alternative The relationship between the magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine and lowback pain
FullText URL 72_066_070.pdf
Author Takata, Shingo| Yokoi, Tadashi| Nishida, Norikazu| Okamoto, Makoto| Tsugeno, Hirofumi| Ashida, Kozo| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Niiya, Kenji| Tanimoto, Mitsune|
Abstract (目的) MRlは腰痛をきたす疾患の診断に必須な検査法である。腰痛と腰椎MRl所見との関係を明らかにすることを目的として検討した。(対象と方法)腰痛を訴えた30例を対象とし、腰椎MRl所見の頻度を調査した。全例に温泉療法を施行した。  (結果)全症例において腰椎MRl上異常所見を認めた。少なくとも1つ以上の椎間板の変性病変をもつ症例は30例中27例(90% )で、椎間板変性はL4/5levelで最も多く認められた(30例中18例)。椎間板ヘルニア を示す症例は30例中10例(33.3% )であった。神経根圧迫を持つ症例は30例中8例(26.7% )であった。腰椎圧迫骨折を持つ症例は30例中6例(20% )であった。温泉療法により腰痛が改善した症例は30例中17例(56.7% )であった。  (結論)腰痛症患者は腰椎MR止異常所見を有した。温泉療法により腰痛の改善を認めたので、MRL上で認めた形態学的異常は必ずしも機能的異常や症状に直結しないと思われた。
Abstract Alternative (Purpose) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is essential to diagnosis of diseases which happen low back pain. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between low back pain and the characteristics on MRI scans of the lumbar spine. (Materials and Methods) We performed MRI examinations of lumbar spine in 30 patients with low back pain and examined the prevalence of abnormal findings on MRI scans of the lumbar spine in 30 patients with low back pain. (Results) Overall in present study, all patients with low back pain had abnormalities around the lumbar spines on MRI. Disc degeneration was present in one or more lumbar levels in 27 (90% ) of all the subjects. The disc degeneration was most commonly observed at U/LS, where 18 (60% ) of all the subjects displayed evidence of disc degeneration. Disc herniation was found in 10 (33.3% ) of all the subjects. Nerve root compression at one level or more was observed in 8 (26.7% ) of the subjects. Compression fracture at one level or more was observed in 6 (20% ) of all the subjects. Spa therapy improved low back pain in 17 (56. 7% ) of the subjects. (Conclusion) All patients with low back pain had abnormalities around the lumbar spines on MRI. Because spa therapy improved low back pain, morphological abnormalities on MRI scans don't always connect with functional abnormalities and symptoms.
Keywords 腰痛症 (Disc disease) MRl (Magnetic resonance imaglng) 椎間板変性 (Lumbar spine)
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 2002-02-01
Volume volume72
Start Page 66
End Page 70
ISSN 0918-7839
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308103
Author Mishima, Misa| Fuchigami, Katsuyoshi|
Published Date 2010-06-25
Publication Title 岡山大学大学院教育学研究科研究集録
Volume volume144
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
Author 中野 幹夫| 工藤 久美寿| 松田 政紀| 片岡 衛|
Published Date 1982-02-27
Publication Title 岡山大学農学部農場報告
Volume volume4
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14904
Title Alternative 高齢者気管支喘息における気道過敏性と温泉療法
FullText URL 071_010_018.pdf
Author Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Mifune, Takashi| Hosaki, Yasuhiro| Ashida, Kozo| Tsugeno, Hirofumi| Okamoto, Makoto| Takata, Shingo| Ochi, Koji|
Abstract Clinical effects of spa therapy were examined in 150 patients with asthma in relation tobronchial hyperresponsiveness and patient age. 1. The efficacy rate of spa therapy was larger as the patient age was higher: the rate was 73.3% in patients under age 49, 81.8% in those between the ages of 50 and 59, 86.4% in those between the ages of 60 and 69, and 90.6% in those over age 70. The mean of efficacy rates was 83.3% in all subjects. 2. The bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BH) was lower as patient age was higher: the BH in patients between the ages of 60 and 69 and in those over age 70 was significantly lower compared to the BH in those under age 49 (p < O.OOl). 3. Clinical effects of spa therapy tended to be lower in patients with increased bronchial hyperresponsiveness. The bronchial hyperresponsiveness showed a tendency to decrease after spa therapy in whom the therapy was effective, however, the BH did not change in patients with slight or no efficacy during spa therapy.
Abstract Alternative 1.温泉療法では,年齢が高くなるほどその有効率も高くなると言う傾向が見られ、49才以下の症例では73.3% ,50-59才の症例では81.8% , 60-69才の症例では86.4% ,70才以上では90.6% であり,全症例の平均有効率は73.3% であった。  2.気道過敏性は,年齢が高くなるほど低下する傾向が見られ,60-69才および70才以上の症例の気道過敏性は,49才以下の症例と比べ有 意に低い値を示した(P < 0.001)。  3.温泉療法の臨床効果は,気道過敏性が強くなるにつれて低下する傾向が見られた。また,温泉療法の著効例や有効例では,治療により 気道過敏性が低下してくるが、やや有効例や無効例では,気道過敏性はほとんど変化しないことが示された。
Keywords spa therapy asthma bronchial hyperresponsiveness patient age
Publication Title 岡大三朝分院研究報告
Published Date 2001-02-01
Volume volume71
Start Page 10
End Page 18
ISSN 0918-7839
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308660
Author Nakano, Mikio| Suzuki, Minoru| Shimamura, Kazuo|
Published Date 1979
Publication Title 岡山大学農学部学術報告
Volume volume53
Issue issue1
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
Author Rikiishi, Kazuhide| Yasuda, Shozo|
Published Date 1994
Publication Title 岡山大学資源生物科学研究所報告
Volume volume2
Issue issue1
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
Author Takasu, Ken-ichi|
Published Date 1957
Publication Title Berichte des Ohara Instituts für landwirtschaftliche Biologie, Okayama Universität
Volume volume11
Issue issue1
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
Author Takayama, Yoshiharu| Koga, Kazuo|
Published Date 2008-02-25
Publication Title 岡山大学教育学部研究集録
Volume volume137
Issue issue1
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
Author 岸田 芳朗| 斉藤 克己| 山奥 隆| 小寺 将之|
Published Date 1985-06-27
Publication Title 岡山大学農学部農場報告
Volume volume8
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper