JaLCDOI 10.18926/11740
Title Alternative A subjective well-being of the aged - psychological characteristics of elderly people of 90 or older -
FullText URL 006_035_040.pdf
Author Ikeda, Toshiko| Kondo, Masuko| Sakurai, Keiko| Futoyu, Yoshiko| Ashiki, Akemi| Seita, Reiko| Tanimoto, Nobuko| Ando, Sakiko|
Abstract 高齢化社会の到来に伴い一言で老人といっても幅広い年代が対象となり、一律に老人では説明できない。実際看護をしていると90歳をすぎた老人はその年代迄にはない、穏やかさ、焦りのなさ、人生を達観しているような感じを受けることが多い。そこで90歳以上の老人にみられるイメージや心理面の特徴を明らかにし看護実践の一助としたいと考えた。方法は80歳以上の入院患者50名に身体、生活、家族面からみた現状、他者から見たイメージ、主観的幸福感を調査した。その結果、90歳以上は80歳代にくらべ看護者に肯定的イメージに受け取られる傾向にあった。主観的幸福感を示すモラール得点の総合点では差はなかったが得点する内容に差が見られ、80歳は積極的な生き方で得点しているものが多く90歳代は現状に満足している点で得点している者が多かった。看護者からみたイメージと本人の主観的幸福感は両年代とも肯定的イメージで相関した。
Abstract Alternative The population of the aged is currently increasing with advanced medical science and technology. The aged have become to keep their lives long. In this paper, We especially focused on their psychological characteristics of elderly people of 90 and older to offer high quality of nursing care for them. We interviewed 50 patients of 80 years and older about a subjective well-being, using a questionaire based on Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale. And also we asked 50 nurses, who took care of them exclusively, a questinaire about their images of the aged. We report as follows : 1. The nurses estimated that their images of the second group (range : 90 years old ~) were better than the first group (range : 80~89 years old). 2. In subjective well-being which Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale showed, above-mentioned both groups were similar in total scores. However, each item was marked differently by them. 3. In both groups, their subjective well-being correlated with good images for them.
Keywords 高齢者 (the aged people) イメージ (image of the aged) 幸福感 (well-being)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1996-02-29
Volume volume6
Start Page 35
End Page 40
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313362
Author Tokunaga, Toshifumi|
Published Date 2009-06-25
Publication Title 岡山大学大学院教育学研究科研究集録
Volume volume141
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11748
Title Alternative Dietary treatment for the aged (A study on dietary treatments for the aged conducted at the time of leaving hospital and on the results of interviews with discharged patients)
FullText URL 006_041_045.pdf
Author Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Kondo, Masuko| Ota, Niwa| Inoshita, Hikari| Ikeda, Toshiko| Takata, Setuko|
Abstract 高齢者を対象とした退院指導の評価を行う目的で、70歳以上の外来通院患者を対象として、患者が受けた退院指導の内容、理解度、実践状況の3つの要素について分析を行った。その中から、特に食事指導に焦点をあて在宅療養の視点から退院指導の問題点を考察した。食事指導を受けて退院した患者の約半数は更に指導を希望していた。指示された指導が実践できない患者の理由は、(1)指導不足、(2)意欲の喚起不足、(3)協力者の知識不足が上げられた。患者が希望している指導の内容は、食事療法の指導だけでなく、治療食や老人に適した食事についてであった。特に、栄養価の高い食事への関心が高く、具体的な指導を希望していた。また、看護婦による、社会資源を活用すべきかどうか、訪問看護を適応すべきかどうかの判断が、退院に向けてのアセスメントの内容として問題となった。
Abstract Alternative With the purpose of estimating the quality of care given to elderly patients who are about be discharged, we made an analysis of three main factors. The first is the details of discharge-care, secondly the degree to which the patient underdtands the type of care, and thirdly the care practice situation ; focusing on outpatients who are more than 70 years of age. Bringing meal treatment into focus, we examined the problems of discharge-care from the viewpoint of home treatment. About half of the discharged patients who were given meal treatment in the hospital hope to have further personal medical direction about their meals after being discharged. The reasons why the directed treatments couldn't be practiced by the patients were given as follows ; (a) deficiency of medical guidance, (b) insufficient encouragement of practice, (c) cooperator's having lack of knowledge about care of the aged. The details of medical treatments which the elderly patients want to be given are not only what is called meal treatment but also knowledge about food for patients and about appropriate meals for the aged. The patients seem to be highly interested in nutritious food and hope to have concrete advice for following a nutritious diet. Additionally, what is important in deciding the question of discharging is how to make good use of social resources by nurses and how to apply visiting nursing to be aged.
Keywords 高齢者 (the aged) 在宅療養 (home treatment) 退院指導 (discharge-care) 食事指導 (dietary treatment)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1996-02-29
Volume volume6
Start Page 41
End Page 45
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313691
Author Hasegawa, Yoshinori|
Published Date 2012-07-25
Publication Title 岡山大学文学部紀要
Volume volume57
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
Author Hasegawa, Yoshinori| Fujita, Yoshinobu|
Published Date 2013-12-25
Publication Title 岡山大学文学部紀要
Volume volume60
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/1407
FullText URL 19_0191_0206.tif.pdf
Author 下村 文子| 吉田 薫| 横山 奈諸枝| Hosokawa, Tsuyako| Tanaka, Tomoko|
Publication Title 岡山大学大学院文化科学研究科紀要
Published Date 2005-03
Volume volume19
Issue issue1
Start Page 191
End Page 206
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002305939
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OLR/54891
Title Alternative The Continuity of Elderly’s Life and the Positive Role of Corporate Guardian
FullText URL olr_018_067_092.pdf
Author Nishimori, Toshiki|
Publication Title Okayama Law Review
Published Date 2017-03
Volume volume18
Start Page 67
End Page 92
ISSN 1881-1485
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120006026945
Author Nobe, Masao| Tanaka, Koji| Hyodo, Yoshimi|
Published Date 1996
Publication Title 岡山大学教育学部研究集録
Volume volume102
Issue issue1
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
Author Nobe, Masao|
Published Date 2006
Publication Title 岡山大学教育学部研究集録
Volume volume131
Issue issue1
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/9102
Title Alternative Suggesions for Archieving Symbiosis in an Aging SOciety(3): The Structure of Social Support Network of the Elderly in Japan
FullText URL 4_0089_0099.pdf
Author Tanaka, Tomoko| Hyodo, Yoshimi| Tanaka, Koji|
Abstract 高齢者のソーシャル・サポート・ネットワークにおける構造的特性を検討した。選挙人名簿から確立比例抽出法を用いて、岡山市内の60~80歳高齢者への訪問面接調査が行われた。女性は1994年度(283通回収、回収率56.6%)、男性は1996年度(218通回収、回収率53.4%)の質問紙への回答が分析された。「入院時の世話、借金、仕事の相の談、心配事を聞く、慰め、留守宅の世話、物を借りる、散歩や食事、大切に思う」などが可能な相手をネットワーク構成員とし、人数と関係などを尋ねた。ネットワーク関連項目として、現在の人間関係への満足度などを尋ねた。ネットワーク人数には性別や居住形態による差は見られなかったが、質的側面には差が認められた。女性は男性より比較的ネットワーク資源に恵まれていた。男性と独居の高齢者は、サポートネットワークの積極的な開拓と維持が望まれる。サポートの授受関係は総じて互恵的で、高齢者は社会の中でサポート供給者としても期待できる。
Keywords 高齢者 ソーシャル・サポート ネットワーク構造 性差 居住形態
Publication Title 文化共生学研究
Published Date 2006
Volume volume4
Issue issue1
Start Page 89
End Page 100
ISSN 1880-9162
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002311069
Author 大原農業研究所|
Published Date 1977-03
Publication Title 農学研究
Volume volume56
Issue issue2
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/40229
FullText URL 028_008_012.pdf
Author 森永 寛|
Publication Title 岡山大学温泉研究所報告
Published Date 1961-03
Volume volume28
Start Page 8
End Page 12
ISSN 0369-7142
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 40018217662
JaLCDOI 10.18926/20009
Title Alternative A Practical Study on Career Education at General Course in Senior High School
FullText URL 010_105_116.pdf
Author Kida, Katsuhiko|
Abstract キャリア教育の重要性が唱えられるようになって久しいが,高等学校普通科におけるキャリア教育は,充実しているとはいえない状況にある。本研究では,高等学校普通科においてキャリア教育を推進するための方策(ツール)を開発・実践し,その効果を検証することを目的とした。職業に関する情報「Job News!」を作成し,約4ヶ月間ほぼ毎日,協力校の高等学校1 年生122名に提供した。各職業について生徒が評価した結果を,生徒用の個人票や教師指導用の資料としてフィードバックした。本実践の前後における生徒の意識の変容等を調査するために,「職業レディネス・テスト」及び結果についてのアンケート調査を行った。その結果,本研究で開発したツールは,高等学校1 年生に提供する内容として適当であり,生徒の知らない新しい情報を伝える手段として有効であることが明らかになった。また,ツールの使用によって,生徒の職業的興味・関心が広がり,自己理解が深まる可能性が示された。
Keywords キャリア教育 (career education) 進路学習 (career learning) 進路指導 (career guidance) 職業情報 (vocational information) 高等学校普通科 (general course in senior high school)
Publication Title 岡山大学教育実践総合センター紀要
Published Date 2010-03-10
Volume volume10
Issue issue1
Start Page 105
End Page 116
ISSN 1346-3705
language 日本語
Copyright Holders 岡山大学教育学部附属教育実践総合センター
File Version publisher
NAID 120002310706
Author 渡辺 哲夫|
Published Date 2000-06-10
Publication Title 岡山大学算数・数学教育学会誌 : パピルス
Volume volume7
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
Author 曽布川 拓也|
Published Date 1998-06-13
Publication Title 岡山大学算数・数学教育学会誌 : パピルス
Volume volume5
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11398
Title Alternative An experiment on making "Belongingness to Classroom Group Scale" in high school.
FullText URL 005_109_117.pdf
Author Honda, Kimiko| Inoue, Shoji|
Abstract 本研究では、現代の高校生における学級集団への帰属意識の要因を明確にし、その学級集団への帰属意識の要因の構造をもとに、高等学校における学級集団への帰属意識とスクールモラールや、学校生活適応感尺度との関連性について考察した。まず、145名の高校生から学級集団への帰属意識の規定要因についての項目を収集し、高校生の心的リアリティーに添った具体的場面での46の質問項目を選定した。学級集団への帰属意識尺度の得点について因子分析を行ったところ、「学級からの受容」、「学級のまとまり」、「帰属阻害感」の3因子が抽出された。各因子尺度の信頼性分析により、信頼性が確認された。また、全ての並行検査との間に有意な相関がみられることから構成概念妥当性が支持されたと考える。
Abstract Alternative In this study, factors of "Belongingness to Classroom Group" among high school students of today were clarified and the correlations with "School Morale" and "Adaptation to School Life Scale" were also investigated under the structure of those factors. To begin with, items of factors of "Belongingness to Classroom Group" were collected from 145 students and 46 questionnaires were selected from concrete situations meeting their mental reality. After that, factor analysis was done on the scores and three factors "Acceptance from Class", "Class Unity" and "Obstacle to Belonging" were extracted. By doing the reliability analysis, it is understood that sufficient reliabilities have been confirmed on these three factors. Also, significant correlations were observed with all tests done in parallel and therefore we think that the construct validity has been supported.
Keywords 帰属意識 (Belongingness) 高等学校 (High School) 学級集団 (Classroom Group) 心的リアリティー (Mental Reality)
Publication Title 岡山大学教育実践総合センター紀要
Published Date 2005
Volume volume5
Issue issue1
Start Page 109
End Page 117
ISSN 1346-3705
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313907
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR58577
Title Alternative Synoptic climatological analyses of daily precipitation features and atmospheric fields in warm season relating to the precipitation difference between Kochi and Okayama characterizing the Seto Inland Sea Climate in Japan
FullText URL esr_026_037_049.pdf
Author Kato, Kuranoshin| SUGIMURA, Yuki| MATSUMOTO, Kengo|
Abstract In order to re-examine the formation process of the climatological precipitation difference between Kochi (Pacific side of Shikoku District) and Okayama (Seto Inland Sea side) characterizing the Seto Island Sea Climate in warm season, synoptic climatological analyses of the daily precipitation features and atmospheric fields were performed for the warm season (April to September) of 1985 - 2015, based on the daily and hourly precipitation data and weather maps by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), and the NCEP/NCAR re-analysis data. The large climatological difference of precipitation at Kochi from that at Okayama throughout the warm season was greatly contributed to by the days with the precipitation difference between Kochi and Okayama (ΔPR) with greater equal to 30 mm/day. In addition, such large daily ΔPR was mainly due to the intense rainfall at Kochi with greater equal to 10mm/h throughout the warm season, except for a part of the cases in April when the “not so intense rain” with less than 10mm/h at Kochi contributed to the large ΔPR. However, it is noted that the features of the synoptic-scale atmospheric fields and possible roles of the mountain ranges in Shikoku District causing the large ΔPR were rather different among August (midsummer), September (Autumn rainfall season) and April (Spring) .
Keywords Daily precipitation climatology Climate around Japan Seto Inland Sea Climate in Japan Synoptic climatology
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2019-12-27
Volume volume26
Issue issue1
Start Page 37
End Page 49
ISSN 1340-7414
language 日本語
Copyright Holders © 2019 by Okayama University Earth Science Reports Editorial Committee All Rights Reserved
File Version publisher
Author Kubo, Yasutaka| Inaba, Akitsugu| Kiyasu, Hidenobu| Nakamura, Reinosuke|
Published Date 1989
Publication Title 岡山大学農学部学術報告
Volume volume73
Issue issue1
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11874
Title Alternative Estimation of balium preparations with high density and low viscosity
FullText URL 004_057_060.pdf
Author Shibuya, Koichi| Kobashi, Takao| Ogasawara, Mitsuo| Tandani, Nobuyoshi| Nakagiri, Yoshitada| Azuma, Yoshiharu| Sugita, Katsuhiko|
Abstract In this paper we compared the balium preparations having high density and low viscosity (BP-HDLV) with those currently in use. We adopted the stomaches of pigs and the new phantom manufactured by ourselves. We especialy noted the quality of the contrast. The results indicate that BP-HDLV do not always make high contrast. The contrast is related to fluidity besides density. The fluidity of BP-HDLV should be improved. In adition, it costs much to increase content of balium. Therefore, we can not find out positive significance to use these BP-HDLV.
Keywords contrast medium balium density viscosity fluidity
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1994-01-31
Volume volume4
Start Page 57
End Page 60
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313918
Author Kiyoku, Masao|
Published Date 1959
Publication Title 岡山大学農学部学術報告
Volume volume13
Issue issue1
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper