JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/41668
Title Alternative The Steel Industry of Manchuria in the late 1940s after the War (II)
FullText URL oer_027_1_083_104.pdf
Author Matsumoto, Toshiro|
Publication Title 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
Published Date 1995-06-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue1
Start Page 83
End Page 104
ISSN 0386-3069
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 110000129797
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/41618
Title Alternative The Diaries ofthe Deserted Japanese Settlers in Anshan
FullText URL oer_028_1_147_174.pdf
Author Matsumoto, Toshiro|
Abstract In this paper I introduce two diaries written by the Japanese settlers who were forsaken in Anshan, Liaoning province, by the Guandong Anny in 1945. I also present a chronological table about Anshan during the civil war between the Nationalist and the Communist, cross checking these diaries with the other historical materials. The abandoned settlers spent hard and horrible days in the period. Some of them were forced to help the reconstruction of Anshan Iron and Steel Company. So their diaries give us the valuable information to comprehend the situation of Anshan and A.I.S.C. One of the diaries was written by an ex-clerk of Showa Iron and Steel Works(later A.I.S.C.). It tells us the daily incidents around his life. Another diary teaches us the political and economic circumstances in Anshan. The author of the latter had been one of the leaders of the Japanese Settlement Corporation at Anshan and was arrested once by the Eight Root Anny. He described his unusual experience vividly in the diary.
Publication Title 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
Published Date 1996-06-05
Volume volume28
Issue issue1
Start Page 147
End Page 174
ISSN 0386-3069
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 110000129820
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/41569
Title Alternative On the New Academic Achievements concerning the Historical Studies on the Iron and Steel Industry in Northeast China Attained by T. Matsumoto
FullText URL oer_030_4_167_183.pdf
Author Matsumoto, Toshiro|
Abstract This paper is aimed at summing up T. Matsumoto's recent academic achievements regarding Anshan Iron & Steel Co. in northeast China. The important facts raised therein are as follows. AISC rapidly recovered its facilities in the first half of 1950s. The production level of AISC resumed its maximum prewar level between 1952 to 1954. How was it possible to restore the equipment which had been heavily damaged from the WWII and the Chinese Civil War in such a short period? A marvelous reconstruction of AISC in 'Three Year Reconstruction Period' after 1949 was a result realized by the combination of many factors: (1) exceptional enthusiasm for reconstruction among young Chinese engineers and workers who were sent to Anshan and trained there; (2) the flexible man power policy of Eight Route Army controlling their hostile emotion to the ex-enemies, pursuing the latest and rational know-how, and challenging to create a new steel production technology; (3) availability and cooperation of the Japanese and the ex-Nationalist Chinese engineers; (4) remaining equipments and captured documents; (5) experience and skills ofremaining Chinese workers. With all these five factors combined, AISC dramatically recovered its facility, and restored its prewar level in a few years.
Publication Title 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
Published Date 1999-03-10
Volume volume30
Issue issue4
Start Page 167
End Page 183
ISSN 0386-3069
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 110000129973
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/41551
Title Alternative A Survey ofthe Historical Studies in Japan and the World regarding the Iron and Steel Industry in Northeast China during 1940 s-1950 s
FullText URL oer_030_3_163_182.pdf
Author Matsumoto, Toshiro|
Abstract The iron and steel industry in northeast China has been playing an important role both in the Manchukuo period and the Socialist China. The academic achievements of the historical analysis concerning the industry during 1940s and 1950s, however, has not been so rich, because of the following two reasons; (1) lack of historical materials; (2) ideological obstacles against recognizing the rapid economic development under the Manchukuo regime and its aftermath toward the new born China. Many historical resources were lost in the chaos during and just after the WWII. None the less, not negligible amount ofmaterials exist not only in Anshan but in Nanjing, Taipei, Tokyo, Washington, London etc., crossing widely the boundaries of the counties. The iron and steel industry is a key military industry. For this reason, the Communist and the Nationalist had strictly prohibited researchers to use their collections until 1980s. On the other hand, the image on the socialism had for long been simply stereotyped as justice or liberation among the historians in Japan after 1945. Such a situation reflexes the important truth of the history. It has, however, made the research angle of the historians inadequate to recognize the positive aspects of the industry developed by colonial authorities.
Publication Title 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
Published Date 1999-03-10
Volume volume30
Issue issue3
Start Page 163
End Page 182
ISSN 0386-3069
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 110000129952
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/41530
Title Alternative Steel-smelting System of the Showa Iron & Steel Works in the Late 1940 s
FullText URL oer_030_1_043_061.pdf
Author Matsumoto, Toshiro|
Abstract The Showa Iron & Steel Works (the Anshan Iron & Steel Co. after the war) lost over 60% of its steel-smelting facility when the Red Army (The Soviet Army) confiscated the equipment of the company. One of its two steel-smelting factories was completely destroyed. The production capacity fell down from 1,330,000 tons / year to 500,000 tons / year. The AISC, however, recovered its maximum pre-war level in 1952-53. The output of steel ingot was 843,000 in 1943, 770,000 in 1952, and 976,000 in 1953. This paper aims to examine the reason why the operation of the company recovered so quickly in spite of its serious war damage. The factors which enabled the company to rebuild its production were as follows: (1) the remaining equipment of the first steel-smelting factory; (2) highly educated and well trained Japanese engineers; (3) documents of SISW concerning the operation of its equipment; (4) flexible leadership of the AISC; (5) strong motivation of Chinese engineers and Chinese workers. Technical knowledge and experience were quite important for the AISC, especially when it started its operation. Some parts ofthe first steel-smelting factory was much improved by the Chinese engineers, using the then existing documents of SISW. A conversion of preliminary smelting furnaces to open hearth furnaces was the most successful example. Chinese engineers bravely tried an un-experienced method in the face of Japanese engineers' warning, considering the new circumstances for steel production. Unbelievable hard work of Chinese engineers and workers sustained those process. All of these factors were necessary to accomplish the rapid reconstruction of the company.
Publication Title 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
Published Date 1998-06-10
Volume volume30
Issue issue1
Start Page 43
End Page 61
ISSN 0386-3069
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 110000129919
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/41523
Title Alternative On the Raid of US Air Force against the Manshu Iron & Steel Company in 1944
FullText URL oer_031_4_303_323.pdf
Author Matsumoto, Toshiro|
Abstract US Air Force bombed the Manshu Iron & Steel Company (MISC) in Anshan five times in 1944. All these air raids were organized by the 20 th Air Force of the US based in Chengdu, Sichuang province, and two attacks among five left the MISC serious damages. The B 29, the Superfortress, which was newly developed in the US and distributed to the China theater in April of 1944, was mobilized in the operations. The damage of the MISC between July to November 1944 was quite heavy, and losses to assumed output became huge as follows; coke 46.5%, pig iron 50.2%, steel ingot 58.3, rolled steel 62.4%. Those damages were, however, quickly recovered to considerably high level by March of 1945, i.e. coke 93.8%, pig iron 99.1%, steel ingot 73.2%, rolled steel 98.3%. Even after the confiscation by the Russian Red Army, the coke sector resumed its production ability to over 88% by 1953. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the degree of the air raid damages, and to describe the reconstruction process of the coke sector, which was most seriously destroyed by those bombings. The report of the United States Strategic Bombing Survey and some unknown memoirs written by the ex-staff of the MISC are used as main sources.
Publication Title 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
Published Date 2000-03-10
Volume volume31
Issue issue4
Start Page 303
End Page 323
ISSN 0386-3069
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 110000130025
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/41485
Title Alternative The Final Stage ofthe Chinese Civil War in Northeast China - the Background of the Political Situation in Anshan immediately after the WWII -
FullText URL oer_031_1_019_061.pdf
Author Matsumoto, Toshiro|
Abstract This paper is aimed at outlining the final stage of the Chinese Civil War in northeast China. While the CCW ended in October, 1949, when Maozedong declared his final victory at the Tian-anmen square, the war in northeast China had already finished in November, 1948, eleven months earlier than Maozedong's speech. USSR supported Yan-an by prohibiting the Nationalist to use Port Arthur, and by delivering the weapons, which the Japanese army had left behind, to the Communist after the surrender of Japan. US kept giving huge financial and military aids to the Nationalist since the period of the WWII. Both super powers, however, forced their ideological partners to compromise with their rivals so often. USSR concluded the Sino-Russo Peace League Treaty with the Nationalist Government in August, 1945, believing the victory of the Nationalist, and made joint developing plans for the northeast with it. This treaty forbade USSR to assist the Communist. USSR also feared the deep commitment of US to the northeast. Because of these restrictions, USSR sometimes ordered the Communist to retreat from important cities. On the other hand, Yan-an's strong resistance against the Chongqing (Chungking) lead US to arbitrate between two Chinese parties, the Nationalist and the Communist. US feared the bankruptcy of the Nationalist Government and the collapse of the Chinese society, in order to prevent Chinese from accepting the Communist as a new leader. For these reasons, the process of the CCW became complicated in the second half of 1940 s.
Publication Title 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
Published Date 1999-06-10
Volume volume31
Issue issue1
Start Page 19
End Page 61
ISSN 0386-3069
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 110000129992
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/14948
FullText URL 40_4_189_199.pdf
Author Matsumoto, Toshiro|
Publication Title 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
Published Date 2009-03-10
Volume volume40
Issue issue4
Start Page 189
End Page 199
ISSN 0386-3069
Related Url http://www.e.okayama-u.ac.jp/~shiryou/gakkaishi.htm
language 日本語
Copyright Holders 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308136
Author Matsumoto, Toshiro|
Published Date 2007
Publication Title 北東アジア経済研究
Volume volume4
Issue issue1
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/10967