JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32868
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Arata, Ryoji| Saika, Takashi| Tsushima, Tomoyasu| Abarzua, Fernando| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract To compare the quality of life (QOL) in patients with ileal neobladder and sigmoidal neobladder, a retrospective survey was conducted using a formulated questionnaire. Between January and March 1999, a QOL survey was conducted using self-administered questionnaires (EORTC QLQ-C30, IPSS, supplemented with detailed questionnaires about continence, sexual function, and patient’s satisfaction with the selected urinary diversion method) for 78 patients with orthotopic urinary reservoir (OUR) who were followed-up for more than 3 months after cystectomy. Among 78 patients, 63 had OUR using an ileal segment (male/female=59/4, median age: 70.8 years old, median follow-up: 1.7 years). Fifteen patients had OUR using a sigmoidal segment (male/female=13/2, median age: 71.9, median follow-up: 3.9). The QLQ-C30 functional evaluation and the items in relation to sexual function showed no diff erences between the 2 groups. Concerning the voiding condition, bladder emptying, frequency, and urgency, scores in the sigmoidal OUR group were signifi cantly higher. The QOL score concerning voiding conditions, daytime, and nighttime continence and quantity of pad showed a better score in the ileal OUR group. Concerning the satisfaction with methods of urinary diversion, patients in the sigmoidal OUR group expressed less satisfaction than their preoperative expectations. Considering several postoperative voiding conditions, ileal OUR seems superior to sigmoidal OUR.
Keywords urinary diversion orthotopic urinary reservoirs bladder cancer quality of life
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2007-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume61
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 229
End Page 234
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 17726512
Web of Sience KeyUT 000248957100007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32875
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Namba, Yuzaburo| Sugiyama, Narushi| Yamashita, Shuji| Hasegawa, Kenjiro| Kimata, Yoshihiro| Ishii, Kazushi| Nasu, Yasutomo|
Abstract <p>To date, many techniques have been reported for vaginoplasty in male-to-female trans-sexual (MTFTS) patients, such as the use of a rectum transfer, a penile-scrotal flap and a reversed penile flap. However, none of these procedures is without its disadvantages. We developed a newly kind of flap for vaginoplasty, the M-shaped perineo-scrotal flap (M-shaped flap), using skin from both sides of the scrotum, shorn of hair by preoperative laser treatment. We applied this new type of flap in 7 MTFTS patients between January 2006 and January 2007. None of the flaps developed necrosis, and the patients could engage in sexual activity within 3 months of the operation. The M-shaped flap has numerous advantages: it can be elevated safely while retaining good vascularity, it provides for the construction of a sufficient deep vagina without a skin graft, the size of the flap is not influenced entirely by the length of the penis, and it utilizes skin from both sides of the scrotal area, which is usually excised.</p>
Keywords vaginoplasty male-to-female transsexual perineo-scrotal flap
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2007-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume61
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 355
End Page 360
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 18183081
Web of Sience KeyUT 000251943800007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32878
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Ebara, Shin| Manabe, Daisuke| Kobayashi, Yasuyuki| Tanimoto, Ryuta| Saika, Takashi| Nasu, Yasutomo| Saito, Shirou| Satoh, Takefumi| Miki, Kenta| Hashine, Katsuyoshi| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract <p>From September 2003 to December 2005, 188 patients who visited our hospital and allied institutions for the purpose of prostate brachytherapy were administrated hormonal therapy for volume reductions before brachytherapy. The pretreatment and posttreatment of prostate volume using a transrectal ultrasound volumetric study and the types and duration of hormonal therapy were analyzed. We administered 91 patients with Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) agonist, 49 patients with anti-androgen (bicaltamide/flutamide), and 48 patients with maximum androgen blockade (MAB). The duration of the hormonal therapy was 1-3 months for 49 patients, 4-6 months for 59 patients, 7-9 months for 40 patients, 10-12 months for 32 patients, and over 13 months for 8 patients. Before the initiation of hormonal therapy, the mean prostate volume was 35.12 ml (11.04-78.71 ml), and the average of prostate volume before and after hormonal therapy was 36.79 ml and 24.79 ml, respectively (a 32.4% reduction). The prostate volume reduction rate was 32.0% for the LH-RH agonist only, 18.1% for the anti-androgen only and 41.2% for the MAB. No statistically significant difference was observed for the duration of hormonal therapy between 3 groups. A three-month course of the neoadjuvant LH-RH agonist indicated a sufficient volume reduction effectiveness for a large prostate volume.</p>
Keywords androgen deprivation therapy brachytherapy localized prostate cancer prostate volume reduction
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2007-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume61
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 335
End Page 340
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 18183078
Web of Sience KeyUT 000251943800004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32881
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Murakami, Takanori| Ebara, Shin| Saika, Takashi| Irie, Shin| Takeda, Katsuji| Maki, Yoshio| Miyaji, Sadayuki| Manabe, Daisuke| Kaku, Haruki| Nasu, Yasutomo| Tsushima, Tomoyasu| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract <p>We evaluated the need for transurethral biopsy at first follow-up after intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) therapy for superficial bladder cancer. The records of 84 patients with superficial bladder cancer who received a 6- or 8-week course of BCG were reviewed. Pathological results before BCG, cystoscopic findings, urinary cytology, and biopsy results for evaluation of BCG therapy were reviewed. All 19 patients with positive urinary cytology had evidence of positive bladder biopsy results. Fifty-three of 54 patients (98.1%) with no visible recurrent tumor and negative urinary cytology demonstrated negative pathological results on bladder biopsy. When not found in conjunction with positive urinary cytology, erythematous mucosa on cystoscopy was not an indicator of tumor recurrence or residual cancer. In conclusion, routine transurethral biopsy of the bladder for evaluating the response to BCG intravesical therapy is not necessary in patients who have no visible tumor on cystoscopy and negative urinary cytology./</p>
Keywords bladder cancer BCG therapy transurethral biopsy cystoscopy urinary cytology
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2007-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume61
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 341
End Page 344
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 18183079
Author Yokoyama, Teruhiko| Watanabe, Toyohiko| Saika, Takashi| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi| Miyaji, Yoshiyuki| Nagai, Atsushi|
Published Date 2007-10-02
Publication Title International Journal of Urology
Volume volume14
Issue issue7
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/45274
FullText URL 65_2_143.pdf
Author Kobayashi, Yasuyuki| Saika, Takashi| Manabe, Daisuke| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract We analyzed the prognostic factors influencing survival after surgeries for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UUT-UC) with longer follow-up periods than in previous studies. Between January 2000 and December 2004, 386 patients underwent nephroureterectomy for UUT-UC. The data for the 221 patients with UUT-UC were retrospectively reviewed. Nine variables were evaluated for association with the survival outcomes of cause-specific survival. The prognostic significance was tested univariately with the log-rank test. The simultaneous effects of multiple prognostic factors were estimated by multiple regression analysis using the Cox proportional hazards model. The median follow-up was 38.4 months. The 5-year over all survival was 62.3%. Significant prognostic factors for disease-specific survival rate on univariate analysis were pathological stage (p0.0001), tumor grade (p0.0324), and venous invasion (p0.0001). Multivariate analysis revealed that only venous invasion was significant for disease-specific survival rate (p0.0205). Venous invasion was the only independent prognostic factor in pathologically localized UUT-UC.
Keywords nephroureterectomy transitional cell carcinoma upper urinary tract
Amo Type Corrected and Republished Article
Published Date 2011-04
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume65
Issue issue2
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 143
End Page 149
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2011 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 20200581
Web of Sience KeyUT 000289818800011
Author Nasu, Yasutomo|
Published Date 2011-08-01
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume123
Issue issue2
Content Type Journal Article
Author Ochiai, Kazuhiko| Watanabe, Masami| Ueki, Hideo| Huang, Peng| Fujii, Yasuyuki| Nasu, Yasutomo| Noguchi, Hirofumi| Hirata, Takeshi| Sakaguchi, Masakiyo| Huh, Nam-ho| Kashiwakura, Yuji| Kaku, Haruki| Kumon, Hiromi|
Published Date 2011-08-26
Publication Title Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume volume412
Issue issue2
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/47013
FullText URL 65_5_315.pdf
Author Wang, Lei| Kaku, Haruki| Huang, Peng| Xu, Kexin| Yang, Kai| Zhang, Jiheng| Li, Ming| Xie, Liping| Wang, Xiaofeng| Sakai, Akiko| Watanabe, Masami| Nasu, Yasutomo| Shimizu, Kenji| Kumon, Hiromi| Na, Yanqun|
Abstract Deficiencies in the human DNA repair gene WRN are the cause of Werner syndrome, a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by premature aging and a predisposition to cancer. This study evaluated the association of WRN Leu1074Phe (rs1801195), a common missense single nucleotide polymorphism in WRN, with prostate cancer susceptibility in Chinese subjects. One hundred and forty-seven prostate cancer patients and 111 male cancer-free control subjects from 3 university hospitals in China were included. Blood samples were obtained from each subject, and the single nucleotide polymorphism WRN Leu1074Phe was genotyped by using a Snapshot assay. The results showed that WRN Leu1074Phe was associated with the risk of prostate cancer in Chinese men and that the TG/GG genotype displayed a decreased prevalence of prostate cancer compared with the TT genotype (OR=0.58, 95%CI:0.35-0.97, p=0.039). Through stratified analysis, more significant associations were revealed for the TG/GG genotype in the subgroup with diagnosis age <_ 72 yr (OR=0.27, 95%CI:0.12-0.61, p=0.002) and in patients with localized diseases (OR=0.36, 95%CI:0.19-0.70, p=0.003). However, no statistically significant difference was found in the subgroup with age >72 yr or in patients with advanced diseases. We concluded that the genetic variant Leu1074Phe in the DNA repair gene WRN might play a role in the risk of prostate cancer in Chinese subjects.
Keywords polymorphism prostatic neoplasms single nucleotide susceptibility WRN
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2011-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume65
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 315
End Page 323
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2011 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 22037267
Web of Sience KeyUT 000296116400005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/48076
FullText URL 66_1_7.pdf
Author Kawauchi, Keiichiro| Watanabe, Masami| Kaku, Haruki| Huang, Peng| Sasaki, Kasumi| Sakaguchi, Masakiyo| Ochiai, Kazuhiko| Huh, Nam-ho| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract The preclinical safety and therapeutic efficacy of adenoviral vectors that express the REIC/Dkk-3 tumor suppressor gene (Ad-REIC) was examined for use in prostate cancer gene therapy. The Ad-human (h) and mouse (m) REIC were previously demonstrated to induce strong anti-cancer effects in vitro and in vivo, and we herein report the results of two in vivo studies. First, intra-tumor Ad-hREIC administration was examined for toxicity and therapeutic effects in a subcutaneous tumor model using the PC3 prostate cancer cell line. Second, intra-prostatic Ad-mREIC administration was tested for toxicity in normal mice. The whole-body and spleen weights, hematological and serum chemistry parameters, and histological evaluation of tissues from throughout the body were analyzed. Both experiments indicated that there was no significant difference in the examined parameters between the Ad-REIC-treated group and the control (PBS- or Ad-LacZ-treated) group. In the in vitro analysis using PC3 cells, a significant apoptotic effect was observed after Ad-hREIC treatment. Confirming this observation, the robust anti-tumor efficacy of Ad-hREIC was demonstrated in the in vivo subcutaneous prostate cancer model. Based on the results of these preclinical experiments, we consider the adenovirus-mediated REIC/Dkk-3 in situ gene therapy to be safe and useful for the clinical treatment of prostate cancer.
Keywords REIC Dickkopf-3 gene therapy prostate cancer preclinical study
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2012-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume66
Issue issue1
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 7
End Page 16
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 22358134
Web of Sience KeyUT 000300800700002
Author Sakaguchi, Masakiyo| Kataoka, Ken| Abarzua, Fernando| Tanimoto, Ryuta| Watanabe, Masami| Murata, Hitoshi| Than, Swe Swe| Kurose, Kaoru| Kashiwakura, Yuji| Ochiai, Kazuhiko| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi| Huh, Nam-ho|
Published Date 2009-05-22
Publication Title The Journal of Biological Chemistry
Volume volume284
Issue issue21
Content Type Journal Article
Author Huang, P| Kaku, H| Chen, J| Kashiwakura, Y| Saika, T| Nasu, Y| Urata, Y| Fujiwara, T| Watanabe, M| Kumon, H|
Published Date 2010-07
Publication Title Cancer Gene Therapy
Volume volume17
Issue issue7
Content Type Journal Article
Author Tanimoto, Ryuta| Sakaguchi, Masakiyo| Abarzua, Fernando| Kataoka, Ken| Kurose, Kaoru| Murata, Hitoshi| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi| Huh, Nam-Ho|
Published Date 2010-04-01
Publication Title International Journal of Cancer
Volume volume126
Issue issue7
Content Type Journal Article
Author Bekku, Kensuke| Saika, Takashi| Kobayashi, Yasuyuki| Kioshimoto, Ryo| Kanbara, Taiki| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi|
Published Date 2013-02
Publication Title International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Volume volume18
Issue issue1
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/52142
FullText URL 68_1_35.pdf
Author Araki, Motoo| Jeong, Wooju| Park, Sung Yul| Lee, Young Hoon| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi| Hong, Sung Joon| Rha, Koon Ho|
Abstract The purpose of this study was to compare the positive surgical margin (PSM) rates of 2 techniques of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) for pT2 (localized) prostate cancer. A retrospective analysis was conducted of 361 RARP cases, performed from May 2005 to September 2008 by a single surgeon (KHR) at our institution (Yonsei University College of Medicine). In the conventional technique, the bladder neck was transected first. In the modified ultradissection, the lateral border of the bladder neck was dissected and then the bladder neck was transected while the detrusor muscle of the bladder was well visualized. Perioperative characteristics and outcomes and PSM rates were analyzed retrospectively for pT2 patients (n=217), focusing on a comparison of those undergoing conventional (n=113) and modified ultradissection (n=104) techniques. There was no difference between the conventional and modified ultradissection group in mean age, BMI, PSA, prostate volume, biopsy Gleason score, and DʼAmico prognostic criteria distributions. The mean operative time was shorter (p<0.001) and the estimated blood loss was less (p<0.01) in the modified ultradissection group. The PSM rate for the bladder neck was significantly reduced by modified ultradissection, from 6.2% to 0% (p<0.05). In conclusion, modified ultradissection reduces the PSM rate for the bladder neck.
Keywords robot-assisted radical prostatectomy prostate cancer surgery surgical margin technique
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2014-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume68
Issue issue1
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 35
End Page 41
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2014 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 24553487
Web of Sience KeyUT 000331592800006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/52144
FullText URL 68_1_47.pdf
Author Ishikawa, Tsutomu| Araki, Motoo| Hirata, Takeshi| Watanabe, Masami| Ebara, Shin| Watanabe, Toyohiko| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract We report 3 patients with the rare complication of an indwelling urethral catheter misdirected into the ureter. This is the largest series to date. Patients were referred to us for a variety of reasons following exchange of their chronic indwelling urinary catheters. CT in all cases demonstrated the urinary catheters residing in the left ureter. The ages of the patients were 37, 67 and 81 years old. All patients suffered from neurogenic bladder. Two patients were female, one was male, and 2 of the 3 had a sensory disorder inhibiting their pain response. The catheters were replaced with open-end Foley catheters. Extensive follow-up CT scans were obtained in one case, demonstrating improvement of hydronephrosis and no evidence of ureteral stenosis. Cystoscopy in this patient demonstrated normally positioned and functioning ureteral orifices. Although the placement of an indwelling urethral catheter is a comparatively safe procedure, one must keep in mind that this complication can occur, particularly in female patients with neurogenic bladder. CT without contrast is a noninvasive, definitive diagnostic tool.
Keywords complication indwelling urethral catheter imaging computed tomography ureter
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2014-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume68
Issue issue1
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 47
End Page 51
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2014 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 24553489
Web of Sience KeyUT 000331592800008
Author Hayashi, Tatsuro| Asano, Hiroaki| Toyooka, Shinichi| Tsukuda, Kazunori| Soh, Junichi| Shien, Tadahiko| Taira, Naruto| Maki, Yuho| Tanaka, Norimitsu| Doihara, Hiroyoshi| Nasu, Yasutomo| Huh, Nam-ho| Miyoshi, Shinichiro|
Published Date 2012-05
Publication Title Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Volume volume138
Issue issue5
Content Type Journal Article
Author Kurahashi, Hiroaki| Watanabe, Masami| Sugimoto, Morito| Ariyoshi, Yuichi| Mahmood, Sabina| Araki, Motoo| Ishii, Kazushi| Nasu, Yasutomo| Nagai, Atsushi| Kumon, Hiromi|
Published Date 2013-12
Publication Title Endocrine Journal
Volume volume60
Issue issue12
Content Type Journal Article
Title Alternative Okayama University Hospital as a Clinical Core Hospital
FullText URL 126_231.pdf
Author Nasu, Yasutomo|
Keywords メガホスピタル ICH-GCP 治験 臨床研究
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Published Date 2014-12-01
Volume volume126
Issue issue3
Start Page 231
End Page 235
ISSN 0030-1558
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright (c) 2014 岡山医学会
File Version publisher
DOI 10.4044/joma.126.231
NAID 130004903240
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54414
FullText URL 70_3_159.pdf
Author Yoshioka, Takashi| Otsuki, Hideo| Uehara, Shinya| Shimizu, Toshihiro| Murao, Wataru| Fujio, Koji| Fujio, Kei| Wada, Koichiro| Araki, Motoo| Nasu, Yasutomo|
Abstract Upper urinary tract calculi are common; however, there is no recommended treatment selection for elderly patients. Ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy (URS lithotripsy) is minimally invasive, and it provides a high stone-free rate (SFR) treatment for upper urinary tract calculi. Here, we retrospectively evaluated the surgical outcomes of URS lithotripsy after dividing the 189 cases into 3 groups by patient age: the ʻ<65 groupʼ (<65 years old, n=108), the ʻ65-74 groupʼ (65-74 years old, n=42), and the ʻ 75 groupʼ ( 75 years old, n=39). The patientsʼ characteristics, stone status, and perioperative outcomes were assessed. The 65-74 group and the 75 group had a significantly higher prevalence of hypertension compared to the<65 group. Compared to the<65 group, the 65-74 group had a significantly higher prevalence of hyperlipidemia, and the 75 group had significantly higher the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) scores. Despite these preoperative risk factors, SFR and postoperative pyelonephritis in the 65-74 group and the 75 group were similar to those of the<65 group. In conclusion, URS lithotripsy is the preferred treatment for upper urinary tract calculi, even for elderly patients who have multiple preoperative risk factors.
Keywords upper urinary tract calculi ureteroscopy (URS) holmium laser lithotripsy elderly patients stone-free rate (SFR)
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2016-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 159
End Page 166
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27339204
Web of Sience KeyUT 000379406100002