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ID 51109
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Title Alternative
Association Between Three-year Longitudinal Changes in Physical Strength in Children with Their Build, Health Habits, and Psychophysical Health Indexes.
Author
Sasayama, Kensaku
Abstract
In this study we examined the association between longitudinal changes in schoolchildren's physical strength with their build, health habits, and psychophysical health index scores. Students (n= 195) were followed for three years, from the fifth to the eighth grade. Setting as a baseline the students' results on the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology's new physical strength test, we extracted data on those students whose physical strength relatively improved (improved group: 28 boys, 53 girls) and on those whose strength relatively declined (declined group: 15 boys, 16 girls). Build, health habits, and psychophysical health index scores were compared between the two groups. It was found that, although there were no significant differences in eating habits or sleeping habits between the two groups, compared to the improved group, the declined group was more likely to be either obese or underweight, have short durations of intense exercise and total exercise, and longer duration of watching television or videos. The declined group also showed poorer psychological health status, such as lower self-efficacy and higher anxiety.  These findings indicate that children with good exercise habits, such as consistently engaging in a adequate physical activities that include intense exercise, will have improved physical strength outcome over time, whereas those children with few regular exercise habits and whose strength will not improve over time, will show outcomes such as polarization of body weight (obesity and underweight tendencies) and poorer psychological health status.
Keywords
子ども
体力
生活習慣
縦断的研究
Published Date
2013-07-25
Publication Title
岡山大学大学院教育学研究科研究集録
Publication Title Alternative
Bulletin of Graduate School of Education, Okayama University
Volume
volume153
Publisher
岡山大学大学院教育学研究科
Publisher Alternative
Graduate School of Education, Okayama University
Start Page
81
End Page
87
ISSN
1883-2423
NCID
AA12338258
Content Type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
language
日本語
File Version
publisher
Refereed
False
Eprints Journal Name
bgeou