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ID 32631
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Author
Takigawa, Nagio
Ohnoshi, Taisuke
Ueoka, Hiroshi
Kimura, Ikuro
Abstract

In an attempt to predict the clinical activity of newly developed anthracycline analogues, ME2303, KRN8602, and SM5887 in the treatment of lung cancer, we compared antitumor activity of these drugs with that of adriamycin, using six human lung cancer cell lines and two drug-resistant human lung cancer sublines. Taking the pharmacokinetic data into consideration, we evaluated the relative antitumor activity: the ratio of area under the concentration-time curve of each drug to the 50% inhibitory concentration of the drug. Regarding this ratio, ME2303 was more potent than adriamycin, SM5887, and KRN8602. Cross-resistance of the new analogues to adriamycin was investigated using an adriamycin-resistant small cell lung cancer subline, SBC-3/ADM100 and an etoposide-resistant subline, SBC-3/ETP. SBC-3/ADM100 being 106-fold more resistant to adriamycin than the parent SBC-3 showed less resistance to the analogues: 1.80-fold to KRN8602, 3.80-fold to SM5887, and 8.60-fold to ME2303. SBC-3/ETP which was 52.1-fold more resistant to etoposide and 39.5-fold more resistant to adriamycin were also less resistant to the new analogues: 3.27-fold to KRN8602, 9.07-fold to SM5887, and 17.3-fold to ME2303. In conclusion, ME2303 was found to be the most potent agent among drugs tested for the treatment of lung cancer, and KRN8602 can be expected to be beneficial for the treatment of drug-resistant small cell lung cancer.

Keywords
new anthracycline analogues
ME2303
KRN8602
SM5887
lung cancer cell line
Amo Type
Article
Published Date
1992-08
Publication Title
Acta Medica Okayama
Volume
volume46
Issue
issue4
Publisher
Okayama University Medical School
Start Page
249
End Page
256
ISSN
0386-300X
NCID
AA00508441
Content Type
Journal Article
language
英語
File Version
publisher
Refereed
True
PubMed ID
Web of Science KeyUT