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ID 32643
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Author
Kobayashi, Kazuko
Watarai, Shinobu
Abstract

We developed a sensitive method for detection of glycosphingolipid (GSL) antigen(s) on the cell surface. As a model of GSL antigen, ganglioside GD3 was used. An IgM monoclonal antibody (DSG-1) specific for ganglioside GD3 was preincubated with standard inhibitor liposomes containing ganglioside GD3. Then carboxyfluorescein-entrapped indicator liposomes containing ganglioside GD3 and complement were added. Release of the marker from the indicator liposomes was specifically inhibited by inhibitor liposomes. The assay system was simple, sensitive, reproducible, and semiquantitative. Pg to ng of ganglioside GD3 could be detected. Furthermore, ganglioside GD3 on the cells was investigated with SK-MEL-28 human melanoma cell line and human red blood cells (HRBC). When SK-MEL-28 melanoma with ganglioside GD3 was used as an inhibitor, specific inhibition was observed. However, HRBC without ganglioside GD3 showed no significant inhibition. The marker release was 50% inhibited by 1.4 x 10(6)SK-MEL-28 melanoma cells/ml. The amount of ganglioside GD3/melanoma cell was estimated to be at least 1.1 x 10(-14) g from the standard curve made with the liposomes containing 10% epitope density of ganglioside GD3. This assay system may be useful for detection of GSL antigen on the cell.

Keywords
ganglioside GD3
tumor-associated antigen
liposomes
antigen determination
monoclonal antibody
Amo Type
Article
Published Date
1992-12
Publication Title
Acta Medica Okayama
Volume
volume46
Issue
issue6
Publisher
Okayama University Medical School
Start Page
435
End Page
441
ISSN
0386-300X
NCID
AA00508441
Content Type
Journal Article
language
英語
File Version
publisher
Refereed
True
PubMed ID
Web of Science KeyUT