Biomaterials_33_4_1044_1051.pdf 1.31 MB
The aim of this present study was to provide a scaffold as a tool for the investigation of the effect of mechanical stimulation on three-dimensionally cultured cells. For this purpose, we developed an artificial self-assembling peptide (SPG-178) hydrogel scaffold. The structural properties of the SPG-178 peptide were confirmed by attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The mechanical properties of the SPG-178 hydrogel were studied using rheology measurements. The SPG-178 peptide was able to form a stable, transparent hydrogel in a neutral pH environment In the SPG-178 hydrogel, mouse skeletal muscle cells proliferated successfully (increased by 12.4 +/- 1.5 times during 8 days of incubation; mean +/- SEM). When the scaffold was statically stretched, a rapid phosphorylation of ERK was observed (increased by 2.8 +/- 0.2 times; mean +/- SEM). These results demonstrated that the developed self-assembling peptide gel is non-cytotoxic and is a suitable tool for the investigation of the effect of mechanical stimulation on three-dimensional cell culture.
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