JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/57722
FullText URL 73_6_547.pdf
Author Yokoyama, Akihiro| Kada, Akiko| Saito, Akiko M.| Sawamura, Morio| Komeno, Takuya| Sunami, Kazutaka| Takezako, Naoki|
Abstract Elderly multiple myeloma (MM) patients, who are generally ineligible for transplantation, have high risks of death and treatment discontinuation, and require a regimen incorporating novel agents that balance safety, tolerability, and efficacy. We evaluated alternating bortezomib-dexamethasone and lenalidomide-dexamethasone treatments administered over a 63-day cycle in transplant-ineligible elderly patients with newly diagnosed MM. Subcutaneous bortezomib 1.3 mg/m2 was administered weekly on Days 1, 8, 15, and 22; oral lenalidomide 15 mg daily on Days 36-56; and oral dexamethasone 20 mg on Days 1, 8, 15, 22, 36, 43, 50, and 57 for 6 cycles. The primary endpoint was the overall response rate.
Keywords bortezomib lenalidomide dexamethasone myeloma
Amo Type Clinical Study Protocol
Published Date 2019-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume73
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 547
End Page 552
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2019 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 31871340
Web of Science KeyUT 000503431400013
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/57721
FullText URL 73_6_543.pdf
Author Kubo, Asuka| Shimizu, Kazuyoshi| Kuroda, Kosuke| Kanazawa, Tomoyuki| Kobayashi, Motomu| Morimatsu, Hiroshi|
Abstract We here report that a 71-year-old Japanese woman with a history of anaphylaxis induced by muscle relaxants had local anesthetic systemic toxicity (LAST) following an abdominal surgery under general anesthesia with combined spinal-epidural anesthesia without muscle relaxants. The total dosages of local anesthetics reached 0.67 mg/kg of ropivacaine and 11.5 mg/kg of lidocaine over 12.5 h to obtain sufficient muscle relaxation for surgery. Regional anesthesia is useful in cases in which muscle relaxants are to be avoided during a surgery. However, especially for a patient with risk factors and prolonged surgery, precautions should be taken to prevent LAST.
Keywords muscle relaxant-induced anaphylaxis local anesthetic systemic toxicity epidural anesthesia abdominal surgery
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2019-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume73
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 543
End Page 546
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2019 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 31871339
Web of Sience KeyUT 000503431400012
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/57720
FullText URL 73_6_537.pdf
Author Takahara, Yasuhiro| Nishida, Keiichiro| Nakashima, Hirotaka| Ochi, Nobuaki| Uchida, Yoichiro| Kato, Hisayoshi| Itani, Satoru| Nakamura, Makoto| Iwasaki, Yuichi| Tsujimura, Yoshitaka|
Abstract High tibial osteotomy (HTO) procedure is generally contraindicated in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients because synovial inflammation may exacerbate joint damage post-surgery. The natural course of joint destruction in RA changed dramatically with new treatment strategies and the introduction of biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (bDMARDs). We report the cases of two RA patients who underwent HTO and whose disease activities were well controlled by bDMARDs. Despite their short follow-up periods, they showed acceptable objective and subjective clinical results. We believe that the combination of bDMARDs and HTO can be indicated for selected RA patients before total knee arthroplasty.
Keywords high tibial osteotomy rheumatoid arthritis biologic DMARD knee surgery
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2019-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume73
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 537
End Page 542
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2019 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 31871338
Web of Science KeyUT 000503431400011
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/57719
FullText URL 73_6_533.pdf
Author Morimoto, Yusuke| Tokuhashi, Yasuaki|
Abstract The patient was a 40-year-old female who had been treated at our hospital for left peroneal tendonitis due to an ankle sprain 2 years earlier. She re-injured that ankle while dancing. The pain in the lateral left foot soon improved, but she had difficulty standing with the left foot in equinus. Complete peroneus longus and brevis tendon ruptures were diagnosed. The ipsilateral semitendinosus and gracilis tendons were harvested and used to reconstruct the tendons. Three months after surgery, the patient was able to stand in equinus, and at 5 months after surgery she resumed her original level of sports activities.
Keywords peroneus longus and brevis complete rupture reconstruction hamstring tendon tendon grafting
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2019-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume73
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 533
End Page 536
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2019 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 31871337
Web of Science KeyUT 000503431400010
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/57718
FullText URL 73_6_529.pdf
Author Kitayama, Takahiro| Akaki, Shiro| Hisazumi, Kento| Yoshio, Kotaro| Inoue, Daisaku| Tajiri, Nobuhisa| Shiode, Tsuyoki| Kanazawa, Susumu| Fujimoto, Shohei| Kanai, Kengo| Hirata, Yuji|
Abstract Nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma (NCMH), a rare, benign, nasal cavity tumor, typically occurs in children. Differential diagnosis is difficult because NCMH often presents with non-specific findings, including cystic components and invasion of the surrounding area on T2-weighted magnetic resonance images. Here, we present a rare adult case of NCMH, with no clear hyperintensity on diffusion-weighted images (DWI), and bone remodeling on the tumor margins on computed tomography. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of DWI on NCMH, and these findings, which suggest benign disease, may be useful in diagnosing NCMH.
Keywords nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma computed tomography magnetic resonance imaging diffusion-weighted imaging
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2019-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume73
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 529
End Page 532
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2019 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 31871336
Web of Science KeyUT 000503431400009
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/57717
FullText URL 73_6_523.pdf
Author Hiranaka, Takaaki| Furumatsu, Takayuki| Okazaki, Yoshiki| Kamatsuki, Yusuke| Masuda, Shin| Okazaki, Yuki| Takihira, Shota| Miyazawa, Shinichi| Nakata, Eiji| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract The case of an individual with a bilateral anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear combined with a medial meniscus (MM) posterior root tear is described. A 34-year-old Japanese man with bilateral ACL rupture that occurred > 10 years earlier was diagnosed with bilateral ACL tear combined with MM posterior root tear (MMPRT). We performed a transtibial pullout repair of the MMPRT with ACL reconstruction. The tibial tunnels for the MM posterior root repair and ACL reconstruction were created separately. Postoperatively, a good clinical outcome and meniscal healing were obtained. Our surgical technique may thus contribute to anatomical MM posterior root repair and ACL reconstruction.
Keywords bilateral anterior cruciate ligament tear medial meniscus posterior root tear pullout repair case report
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2019-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume73
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 523
End Page 528
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2019 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 31871335
Web of Sience KeyUT 000503431400008
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/57716
FullText URL 73_6_517.pdf
Author Hosogi, Mika| Shiode, Yusuke| Morizane, Yuki| Kimura, Shuhei| Hosokawa, Mio| Doi, Shinichiro| Toshima, Shinji| Takahashi, Kosuke| Fujiwara, Atsushi| Shiraga, Fumio|
Abstract We investigated the effectiveness of a treat-and-extend regimen (TAE) of intravitreal ranibizumab injections for macular edema (ME) due to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). We retrospectively examined 2-year results of 32 eyes of 32 patients who underwent TAE to treat ME due to BRVO. The patients whose treatment interval extended to ≥ 12 weeks were switched to a pro re nata regimen (PRN). For the patients whose treatment interval was <12 weeks, TAE was continued. At 2 years, 10 eyes had required no additional injections after the initial treatment period [recurrence(−) group], whereas the other 22 eyes required additional treatment [recurrence(+) group]. Among the recurrence(+) patients, 11 eyes (34.4% of total) were eventually switched from TAE to PRN; the other 11 eyes (34.4%) continued TAE for 2 years. Visual acuity and central retinal thickness were significantly improved in both the recurrence(+) and (−) groups, and there was no significant betweengroup difference in visual acuity at 2 years. Univariate analyses revealed significant differences in visual acuity (p=0.004), age (p=0.014), and vessel occlusion site (p=0.018) between these groups. Our results suggest that TAE may be effective for BRVO patients with lower visual acuity, older age, and occlusion of a major vein.
Keywords branch retinal vein occlusion macular edema anti-vascular endothelial growth factor ranibizumab treat-and-extend regimen
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2019-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume73
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 517
End Page 522
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2019 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 31871334
Web of Sience KeyUT 000503431400007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/57715
FullText URL 73_6_511.pdf
Author Takahara, Yasuhiro| Furumatsu, Takayuki| Nakashima, Hirotaka| Itani, Satoru| Nakamura, Makoto| Uchida, Yoichiro| Kato, Hisayoshi| Tsujimura, Yoshitaka| Iwasaki, Yuichi| Ochi, Nobuaki|
Abstract Medial open- and lateral closed-wedge high tibial osteotomy (hybrid CWHTO) can overcome the limitations of conventional CWHTO and open-wedge HTO (OWHTO) for medial compartmental osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Hybrid CWHTO increases stability by using a rigid locking plate and allows early full weight-bearing. However, the literature contains no information about time to bone union after this new procedure. The aim of this study is to evaluate the time to bone union after hybrid CWHTO. We reviewed 44 knees treated with hybrid CWHTO. Patients were able to stand on both legs on the day after surgery and walked with full weight-bearing within 4 weeks of the procedure. The time to achievement of bone union at the osteotomy site was defined as the number of months until bone union was confirmed on radiographic imaging. The mean time to radiographic confirmation of bone union was 4.5±1.5 months after surgery. Eleven knees (25.0%) required 6 months or more. Radiographic analysis and JOA score improved significantly between before and 1 year after surgery (p<0.01). Hybrid CWHTO is a very useful method for treating medial OA, but radiographic bone union requires 4.5 months on average. We must be aware of bone union after hybrid CWHTO.
Keywords bone union hybrid closed-wedge high tibial osteotomy osteoarthritis
Amo Type Original Article
Note ,|
Published Date 2019-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume73
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 511
End Page 516
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2019 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 31871333
Web of Science KeyUT 000503431400006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/57714
FullText URL 73_6_503.pdf
Author Kamatsuki, Yusuke| Furumatsu, Takayuki| Miyazawa, Shinichi| Kodama, Yuya| Hino, Tomohito| Okazaki, Yoshiki| Masuda, Shin| Okazaki, Yuki| Noda, Tomoyuki| Yamakawa, Yasuaki| Tetsunaga, Tomoko| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract Clinical studies have demonstrated that transtibial pullout repair led to favorable midterm outcomes in patients with medial meniscus posterior root tears (MMPRTs) although medial meniscal extrusion (MME) continued to be present. It has been unclear whether these residual postoperative MMEs existed after the pullout repair or had progressed at the very short-term evaluation after surgery. We sought to determine which characteristics of patients with MMPRTs influence the incidence of postoperative MME. The cases of 23 patients whose date of injury was known were analyzed. All patients underwent MMPRT pullout fixation. Preoperative and 3-month postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations were performed. MME was retrospectively assessed on the mid-coronal plane of MRI scans. The preoperative and postoperative MME values were 4.2±1.2 mm and 4.3±1.5 mm, respectively (p=0.559). Pullout repair surgery was performed significantly earlier after the MMPRT-specific injury in patients whose postoperative MME improved compared to the patients whose MME did not improve (p<0.001). Our findings demonstrated that an early transtibial pullout repair of an MMPRT was more effective in reducing MME than a late repair. Surgeons should not miss the optimal timing for the pullout repair of an MMPRT, considering the period from the injury and the preoperative MME.
Keywords medial meniscus posterior root tear pullout repair medial meniscus extrusion magnetic resonance imaging
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2019-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume73
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 503
End Page 510
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2019 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 31871332
Web of Sience KeyUT 000503431400005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/57713
FullText URL 73_6_495.pdf
Author Masuda, Shin| Furumatsu, Takayuki| Okazaki, Yoshiki| Kamatsuki, Yusuke| Okazaki, Yuki| Kodama, Yuya| Hiranaka, Takaaki| Nakata, Eiji| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract Medial meniscus posterior root tear causes rapid knee cartilage degradation by inducing posteromedial displacement of the medial meniscus. We evaluated medial meniscus posterior extrusion before and after pullout repair for medial meniscus posterior root tear using magnetic resonance images. Twenty-eight patients with symptomatic medial meniscus posterior root tear were included. The inclusion criteria were: acute (< 3 months) or chronic (≥3 months) medial meniscus posterior root tear after painful popping events. The exclusion criteria were: other meniscus and anterior cruciate ligament injuries. We measured medial meniscus posterior extrusion and medial meniscus anteroposterior interval at knee flexion angles of 10° and 90° preoperatively and at 3 months postoperatively. The posterior extrusion at 90° knee flexion decreased from 4.42±1.38 mm preoperatively to 3.09±1.06 mm (p<0.001) postoperatively, while at 10° knee flexion it was −4.17±1.63 mm preoperatively and −3.77±1.72mm postoperatively, showing no significant change. The anteroposterior interval at 10° knee flexion increased from 19.74±4.27 mm preoperatively to 22.15±5.10 mm postoperatively (p<0.001); at 90° knee flexion, it increased from 16.81±4.51 mm preoperatively to 19.20±4.30 mm postoperatively (p<0.001). Medial meniscus posterior extrusion and movement decreased after pullout repair. Pullout repair for medial meniscus posterior root tear improves medial meniscus posterior extrusion, especially at 90° knee flexion.
Keywords medial meniscus posterior root tear pullout repair extrusion open magnetic resonance imaging
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2019-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume73
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 495
End Page 501
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2019 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 31871331
Web of Science KeyUT 000503431400004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/57712
FullText URL 73_6_487.pdf
Author Kishimoto, Fumiko| Fujii, Chiaki| Okanouchi, Toshio| Ohtsuki, Hiroshi|
Abstract We used spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) to compare the foveal and parafoveal structures of 19 subjects aged 16-58 years (8 men, 11 women): 6 amblyopic patients with eccentric fixation, 5 amblyopic patients with central fixation, and 8 visually normal controls. We obtained foveal horizontal line scans using SD-OCT on all of the patients and controls. The total and layer thicknesses at foveal areas were analyzed. The mean (SD) ages of individuals in the eccentric fixation, central fixation, and control groups were 43.0 (13.9), 42.2 (16.3), and 38.5 (15.5) years, respectively. We observed no significant differences in the foveal or parafoveal retinal thicknesses at 500 and 1,500 μm from the foveal center among the 3 groups or between the amblyopic and fellow eyes. No significant differences were observed in the thickness of the ganglion cell complex layer or outer retinal layer at 500 and 1,500 μm from the foveal center among the three groups or between the two eyes. Overall, our SD-OCT analyses revealed no characteristic structural change in foveal regions in amblyopic eyes irrespective of the fixation behavior.
Keywords foveal structure strabismic amblyopia optical coherence tomography eccentric fixation
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2019-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume73
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 487
End Page 494
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2019 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 31871330
Web of Science KeyUT 000503431400003
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/57711
FullText URL 73_6_479.pdf
Author Suganami, Yu| Oka, Kosuke| Hanayama, Yoshihisa| Honda, Hiroyuki| Hamahara, Jun| Obika, Mikako| Kariyama, Kazuya| Kishida, Masayuki| Otsuka, Fumio|
Abstract To clarify the potential relevance of patients’ chief complaints at a general medicine department to their self-rating depression scale (SDS) and frequency scale for symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) (FSSG) scores, we analyzed data of 478 patients who visited our general medicine department. The chief complaints (553 symptoms of 447 patients) were categorized into major symptom-based groups: respiratory (31%), circulatory (3%), gastrointestinal (GI) tract (26%), neurology (8%), orthopedic and skin (10%), and systemic (22%) symptoms. The SDS score tended to be higher in females and younger patients. The FSSG score did not differ by gender but was higher in younger patients. The patients receiving social welfare had higher SDS and FSSG scores. A close inter-relationship between the FSSG (including both degrees of reflux and dysmotility) and SDS was observed in all patients. Although the averages of the SDS and FSSG scores were not significantly different among the symptom-based categories, we observed significantly positive correlations between the FSSG and SDS in each category, suggesting that depressive status may be closely related to GERD-related symptoms regardless of the patients’ chief complaints. An initial checkup of patients’ psychological condition and/or GERD-like symptoms could help screen for latent disorders in outpatients with uncertain complaints.
Keywords chief complaints frequency scale for the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (FSSG) self-rating depression scale (SDS) welfare
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2019-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume73
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 479
End Page 486
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2019 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 31871329
Web of Science KeyUT 000503431400002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/57710
FullText URL 73_6_475.pdf
Author Umebayashi, Ryoko| Uchida, Haruhito A.| Wada, Junzo|
Abstract Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) usually expand asymptomatically until the occurrence of a life-threatening event such as aortic rupture, which is closely associated with high mortality. AAA and aortic dissection are ranked among the top 10 causes of death in Japan. The major risk factors for AAA are age over 65 years, male gender, family history, and smoking. Thus, for prevention, smoking cessation is the most important lifestyle-intervention. For treatment, since AAA generally affects elderly people, less invasive treatment is preferable. However, the only established treatment for AAA is open repair and endovascular repair. This review describes potential medical treatments to slow aneurysm growth or prevent AAA rupture.
Keywords abdominal aortic aneurysms medical treatment anti-platelet drugs
Amo Type Review
Published Date 2019-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume73
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 475
End Page 477
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2019 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 31871328
Web of Science KeyUT 000503431400001
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/57379
FullText URL 73_5_469.pdf
Author Yamasaki, Satoshi| Kada, Akiko| Nagai, Hirokazu| Yoshida, Isao| Choi, Ilseung| Saito, Akiko M.| Iwasakia, Hiromi|
Abstract Romidepsin is an important therapeutic option for patients with peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL). However, the timing of romidepsin administration remains controversial. Romidepsin was launched in Japan as a consolidation therapy agent after conventional salvage chemotherapy with gemcitabine, dexamethasone, and cisplatin (GDP). GDP therapy will be administered every 3 weeks. If complete response, partial response, or stable disease is confirmed after 2-4 GDP cycles, romidepsin will be administered every 4 weeks. The primary endpoint is a 2-year progression-free survival rate. Patients participating in this study and undergoing treatment can expect results similar to or better than those of conventional therapies.
Keywords peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma gemcitabine cisplatin, romidepsin
Amo Type Clinical Study Protocol
Published Date 2019-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume73
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 469
End Page 474
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2019 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 31649375
Web of Science KeyUT 000491886600014
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/57378
FullText URL 73_5_463.pdf
Author Shibata, Kiyo| Hamasaki, Ichiro| Shimizu, Takehiro| Kono, Reika| Ohtsuki, Hiroshi| Morizane, Yuki| Shiraga, Fumio|
Abstract To permit noose movement without fraying the sutures following strabismus surgery, we designed a new sliding noose, the “twist knot” and investigated its advantages and disadvantages. We measured the tensile strength required to move the twist knot in a tightly tied state (134±19 gf) and in a loosened state (21±7 gf), and that required to move the conventional sliding noose in a tightly tied state (48±14 gf), and used the Kruskal-Wallis test to compare them. A significant difference was observed among the three tensile strengths (p<0.001). The twist knot technique allowed easy sliding without the multifilament braided suture becoming frayed and a knot to be firmly fixed without slipping. However, if the 2 strings of the pole sutures exit from the sclera at 2 widely separated positions, the sliding noose may become slack. Therefore, the distance between the pole sutures should be small. The simple twist knot technique was found to be an effective approach following adjustable surgery of strabismus.
Keywords adjustable suture the new sliding noose method tensile strength strabismus surgery esotropia
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2019-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume73
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 463
End Page 468
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2019 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 31649374
Web of Science KeyUT 000491886600013
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/57377
FullText URL 73_5_457.pdf
Author Iwamuro, Masaya| Takahara, Masahiro| Yamazaki, Tatsuhiro| Tanaka, Takehiro| Kondo, Yoshitaka| Hiraoka, Sakiko| Okada, Hiroyuki|
Abstract A 60-year-old Caucasian male was diagnosed with lung adenocarcinoma and multiple metastases to the bone, spleen, and brain. He underwent radiotherapy for the brain and lumbar spine metastases, plus chemotherapy (cisplatin and pemetrexed). The chemotherapy was discontinued due to vomiting and hyponatremia, and nivolumab was then administered. Eight months later, 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography showed tracer uptake in the colon. Colonoscopy revealed a reddish multinodular polyp in the sigmoid colon. The polyp showed irregular microvessels. No colonic mucosal surface structures were observed. Colonic metastasis of the lung carcinoma was highly suspected; the polyp was therefore surgically removed. The histological analysis revealed granulation tissue and suppurative inflammation without neoplastic changes. We diagnosed the lesion as a granulation polyp. Despite the difficulty in diagnosing these lesions due to their rarity and similarity to metastatic colon tumors, we suggest that recognizing the endoscopic features of the polyp surface may allow a preoperative diagnosis.
Keywords colonoscopy colonic neoplasms granulation polyp
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2019-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume73
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 457
End Page 461
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2019 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 31649373
Web of Science KeyUT 000491886600012
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/57376
FullText URL 73_5_449.pdf
Author Matsunaga, Kazuyuki| Takemaru, Makoto| Yamashiro, Keisuke| Yoshihara-Hirata, Chiaki| Inohara, Ken| Shimoe, Yutaka| Tanaka, Akio| Kuriyama, Masaru| Takashiba, Shogo|
Abstract We report a case of acute prevertebral abscess caused by traumatic tooth fractures in a 77-year-old Japanese man. After being transferred to our hospital the patient was initially diagnosed with a neck hematoma; however, blood culture showed Streptococcus parasanguinis, an oral bacterium, and an MRI examination suggested prevertebral abscesses. Tooth fractures, severe periodontitis, and peri-implantitis with Streptococcus parasanguinis were observed. Antibiotics were administered and fractured teeth were extracted. The patient's condition then gradually improved. We concluded that bacteremia caused by traumatic tooth fractures induced the acute prevertebral abscesses.
Keywords prevertebral abscess deep neck infection periodontal disease peri-implantitis Streptococcus parasanguinis
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2019-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume73
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 449
End Page 456
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2019 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 31649372
Web of Science KeyUT 000491886600011
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/57375
FullText URL 73_5_441.pdf
Author Watanabe, Toshiyuki| Sakurai, Toru| Mukai, Yuko| Kimata, Yoshihiro| Namba, Yuzaburo|
Abstract Gender dysphoria is a condition in which a discrepancy between biological sex and gender identity causes distress. Many female-to-male transsexuals (FTMTS) are uncomfortable with female breasts. Chest wall contouring surgery is effective for obtaining a male-type chest, reducing mental stress, and increasing sexual satisfaction in such cases. At the Okayama University Hospital Gender Center, we have obtained positive results using an algorithm to determine the most appropriate surgical method for chest wall contouring in FTMTS patients. However, serious complications requiring reoperation, such as hematoma, may still occur. Postoperative hematomas were found in 15 (4.18%) of 358 FTMTS patients who underwent chest contouring surgery at our hospital between 2006 and 2018. Postoperative hematoma was examined retrospectively. The median time to the onset of hematoma was 7 (6-12) h after the initial surgery. The main blood vessels causing bleeding were those in the head-side skin flap region where visual confirmation was difficult and the perforator vessels from the pectoralis major muscle. Intraoperative bleeding and the operation time had a significant impact on the onset of postoperative hematoma. This is the first retrospective study that investigated the blood vessels and other factors contributing to postoperative hematoma development after chest wall contouring.
Keywords female-to-male transsexuals chest wall contouring postoperative hematoma
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2019-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume73
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 441
End Page 447
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2019 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 31649371
Web of Science KeyUT 000491886600010
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/57374
FullText URL 73_5_433.pdf
Author Tamada, Shoko| Mitsui, Takashi| Ohira, Akiko| Tani, Kazumasa| Maki, Jota| Eguchi, Takeshi| Eto, Eriko| Hayata, Kei| Masuyama, Hisashi|
Abstract An association between preeclampsia and (pro)renin was recently reported. Intracellular signaling of the (pro) renin receptor [(P)RR] increases the expressions of TGF-β and PAI-1. In this study we sought to clarify the involvement of (pro)renin in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia via the intracellular signaling of (P)RR on preeclampsia placentas. Activated (pro)renin plasma concentrations were compared between pregnant women with (n=15) and without (n=28) preeclampsia. The placentas were immunohistochemically evaluated with anti-HIF-1α and anti-(P)RR antibodies. HTR-8/SVneo cells were cultured under hypoxic conditions and treated with human recombinant (pro)renin. The mRNA expressions of HIF-1α, (P)RR, PAI-1, TGF-β, and ET-1 were also examined by real-time RCR. The activated (pro)renin plasma concentration was significantly higher in the third vs. the second trimester in the preeclampsia patients. HIF-1α and (P)RR expressions were significantly increased in the preeclampsia placentas. The mRNA expressions of PAI-1, TGF-β, and ET-1 were significantly increased in the experiments using recombinant (pro)renin vs. hypoxic conditions. (P)RR expression in preeclampsia placentas is increased by persistent hypoxia through the second and third trimesters, and PAI-1, TGF-β, and ET-1 production is increased via (P)RR. Our results suggest that ET-1 production via the intracellular signaling of (P)RR is important in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia.
Keywords preeclampsia (pro)renin (pro)renin receptor endothelin-1 HTR-8/SVneo
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2019-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume73
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 433
End Page 440
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2019 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 31649370
Web of Science KeyUT 000491886600009
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/57373
FullText URL 73_5_427.pdf
Author Owari, Yutaka| Suzuki, Hiromi| Miyatake, Nobuyuki|
Abstract The aim of this study was to examine in a randomized controlled trial how much the sedentary behavior (sitting time) of community-dwelling elderly Japanese subjects decreased as a result of using the “Active Guide” brochure published by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (2013) and additional documents related to the benefits of reducing sedentary behavior. A total of 86 elderly people who participated in health-club activities for one year were randomly allocated to two groups. Subjects in the intervention group received explanations of the importance of physical activity using the “Active Guide” brochure (n=42) and additional documents, while subjects in the control group did not (n=44). Physical activity was measured using a triaxial accelerometer for two weeks at baseline and again after one year. After one year of intervention, the difference in the sedentary behavior rate from baseline was −2.2% for the intervention group (n=40) and +2.5% for controls (n=40) (Welch’s t-test, p=0.007). Use of the “Active Guide” brochure and additional documents may reduce the sedentary behavior of community dwelling elderly people in Japan.
Keywords Active Guide sedentary behavior elderly people randomized controlled trial health promotion
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2019-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume73
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 427
End Page 432
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2019 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 31649369
Web of Science KeyUT 000491886600008