Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Published by Okayama Medical Association

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Full-text articles are available 3 years after publication.

体表面電位図による心肥大の病態の推定と鑑別診断―特に肥大型心筋症と高血圧性肥大心の鑑別診断を中心に―

松原 堅 岡山大学医学部循環器内科学教室
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抄録
The present study was conducted to clarify electrophysiological characteristics of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and to discriminate hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) from hypertension-induced LVH with body surface mapping. QRS area map, QRST area map and VAT map of body surface mapping were recorded on 37 patients with HCM, 37 with essential hypertension (EH) and 21 with aortic regurgitation (AR) using Yamada's method. HCM, EH and AR showed similar patterns of QRS area map. However, the maximum points of QRST area map located at the midsternal line (E5) in HCM, and positioned on the left midclavicular line (G4) in EH and AR. The minimum point of the QRST area map appeared at the left midclavicular line (G3) where the maximum point of the QRS area map was located. These findings indicate that the QRST area map would enable to differentiate HCM from EH and AR. With the VAT map, AR showed closed isochrone lines on the left precordium, which indicated delayed ventricular activation in this region. Statistical analysis revealed that the value of the maximum point of the QRST area (Max. QRST) and the sum of values of the positive QRST area (∑ positive QRST area) differentiates HCM from EH. When the Max. QRST was 0.6μVs or less and the ∑ positive QRST area was 14μVs or less, the diagnostic accuracy of HCM could be made more than 70%. These findings suggested that the diagnostic criteria derived from the QRST area map is of use to distinguish HCM from hypertension-induced LVH.
キーワード
Hypertrophic cardiomyopaty
Hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy
Body surface mapping
備考
原著
ISSN
0030-1558
NCID
AN00032489