We report a rare case of a very large nonfunctioning endocrine tumor of the pancreas without malignant histological features. A 63-year-old woman referred for appetite loss and general fatigue was found to have a tumor in the pancreas head. Computed tomography demonstrated a well-defined pancreatic tumor 45mm in diameter with hypervascular staining in the pancreas head. Angiography showed a hypervascular tumor of the pancreas head and a dilatation of the anterior superior and posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries. The preoperative diagnosis was an endocrine tumor of the pancreas, with undeniable malignancy. Pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed. The histopathological diagnosis was a benign nonfunctioning endocrine tumor of the pancreas based on immunohistochemical staining for Chromogranin A, Synaptophysin, and NSE, but not for hormones. The tumor revealed a low labeling index (<2.0%) of Ki-67 indicating its benign character. No tumor recurrence has been identified in the 18 months since surgery.
膵内分泌腫瘍（endocrine tumor of the pancreas）
膵島細胞腫瘍（islet cell tumor）