Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Published by Okayama Medical Association

<Availability>
Full-text articles are available 3 years after publication.

糖尿病患者の「治療に伴うストレス認知尺度」の開発

住吉 和子 岡山県立大学 保健福祉学部
川田 智恵子 和歌山県立医科大学 大学院保健看護学研究科
岡本 辰夫 両備地域ケア総合研究所
大橋 睦子 岡山大学病院 看護部
實金 栄 岡山県立大学 保健福祉学部
高林 範子 岡山県立大学 保健福祉学部
太湯 好子 吉備国際大学 保健医療福祉学部
金 外淑 兵庫県立大学 看護学部
和田 淳 岡山大学大学院医歯薬学総合研究科 腎・免疫・内分泌代謝内科学
四方 賢一 岡山大学病院 新医療研究開発センター
中嶋 和夫 両備地域ケア総合研究所
抄録
 The purpose of this study was to establish a measurement scale for "stress recognition in receiving treatment" in patients with diabetes. A self-completed questionnaire was distributed to 149 type-2 diabetes outpatients in March-May 2015 after authorization from Okayama Prefectural University and the ethics committee of the hospital.  The "stress recognition in receiving treatment" scale was designed as a second-order factor model consisting of 14 items and the following four factors : the respondent's sense of (1) the burden of being sick, (2) the burden on interpersonal relationships, (3) the burden of treatment, and (4) the burden of medical expenses.  Stress recognition in treatment means recognition of being stressed in the burdens related to the illness, interpersonal relationships, treatment and medical expenses.  The suitability of the questionnaire data was then evaluated with a structural equation model. The suitability of the factor model to the data satisfied the statistically acceptable standards as Comparative Fit Index (CFI) =0.931, Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) =0.096, Tucker-Lewis Index (TLI) =0.946.  As the construct validity was not examined by the scale created in this study or by existing scale, it was verified by using the degrees of mental healthiness and HbA1c that were proved to be associated with the sense of burden.  In addition, the construct validity of the questionnaire was supported by a significant correlation between the Japanese version of the WHO-Five Well-being Index (S-WHO-5-J) and the patients' HbA1c levels. The use of this measure is expected to contribute to the early detection of a decline in a diabetic patient's activities of daily living and to the early confirmation of patients' support status.
キーワード
糖尿病患者 (diabetes patients)
治療 (treatment)
ストレス認知 (stress recognition)
尺度開発 (development of a scale)
備考
原著 (Original)
ISSN
0030-1558
NCID
AN00032489
DOI