Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Published by the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
ONLINE ISSN : 2186-7755

ラット小腸粘膜β-carotene-15,15'-dioxygenase の活性測定法の確立と酵素化学的性質

高木 茂明 岡山大学
渡辺 正徳 岡山大学
中島 明夫 岡山大学
木村 吉伸 岡山大学
抄録
A central cleavage at 15, 15' position of βーcarotene has not been an established theory in absorption and metabolism, because an exenteric cleavage of βーcarotene for producing apocarotenals has been suggested. We considered that this problem was based only on the imperfection of the assay method for βーcarotene-15,15'-dioxygenase (BCDC) activity in vitro, and tried the establishment of this assay method by investigating cofactor activities together with other assy conditions. BCDO activity of rat intestina mucosa homogenate could not be detected with the known method by Goodman et al. SH reagents (GSH or DTT) and nicotinamide (NA) were essential for BCDO assay. NADH could take place with NA, but the product was retinol instead of retinal. NAD+ partially inhibited the enzyme activity. Optimum concentrations of other cofactors were decided under the following conditions : 1 mM GSH, 1 mM Fe2+, and 10 mM glycocholate. From these results, a good reproducibility of the in vitro assay for BCDO activity was obtained, and it was confirmed that the central cleavage theory presented by Goodman was reasonable.
キーワード
βーcarotene cleavage enzyme
assay method
rat intestine mucosa
ISSN
0474-0254
NCID
AN00033029