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Katsuhara, Maki Research Institute for Bioresources, Okayama University
Hanba, Yuko T. Center for Bioresource Field Science, Kyoto Institute of Technology
We identified barley aquaporins and demonstrated that one, HvPIP2;1, transports water and CO2. Regarding water homeostasis in plants, regulations of aquaporin expression were observed in many plants under several environmental stresses. Under salt stress, a number of plasma membrane-type aquaporins were down-regulated, which can prevent continuous dehydration resulting in cell death. The leaves of transgenic rice plants that expressed the largest amount of HvPIP2;1 showed a 40% increase in internal CO2 conductance compared with leaves of wild-type rice plants. The rate of CO2 assimilation also increased in the transgenic plants. The goal of our plant aquaporin research is to determine the key aquaporin species responsible for water and CO2 transport, and to improve plant water relations, stress tolerance, CO2 uptake or assimilation, and plant productivity via molecular breeding of aquaporins.
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This is a author's copy,as published in Pflugers Archiv-European Journal of Physiology , 2008 Vol.456 Issue.4 pp.687-691
Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00424-007-0434-9
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Pflugers Archiv-European Journal of Physiology
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