タイトル(別表記) The 84th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society of Balneology, Climatology and Physical Medicine (BCPM)
著者 光延 文裕|
出版物タイトル 岡山医学会雑誌
発行日 2019-12-02
131巻
3号
開始ページ 171
終了ページ 172
ISSN 0030-1558
関連URL isVersionOf https://doi.org/10.4044/joma.131.171
言語 Japanese
著作権者 Copyright (c) 2019 岡山医学会
論文のバージョン publisher
DOI 10.4044/joma.131.171
NAID 130007782622
著者 Kikuchi, Hiroshi| Shiozawa, Nobuyoshi| Takata, Shingo| Ashida, Kozo| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro|
発行日 2013-12-12
出版物タイトル International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
9巻
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
著者 Yamaoka, Kiyonori| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Kojima, Shuji| Shibakura, Misako| Kataoka, Takahiro| Hanamoto, Katsumi| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
発行日 2005-04-01
出版物タイトル Journal of Radiation Research
46巻
1号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
著者 Kataoka, Takahiro| Sakoda, Akihiro| Ishimori, Yuu| Toyota, Teruaki| Nishiyama, Yuichi| Tanaka, Hiroshi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Yamaoka, Kiyonori|
発行日 2011-11-22
出版物タイトル Journal of Radiation Research
52巻
6号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32675
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Kitani, Hikaru| Okazaki, Morihiro| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Ochi, Koji| Harada, Hideo| Kimura, Ikuro|
抄録 The improvement of ventilatory function by spa therapy was examined in 37 patients with steroid-dependent intractable asthma (SDIA) in relation to clinical asthma types. All subjects had been on long-term corticosteroid therapy before spa therapy. Spa therapy was found to improve the values of ventilatory parameters. The percent improvement in all subjects was +4.1% in %FVC, +8.9% in FEV1.0%, +9.8% in %PEFR, +22.0% in %MMF, +19.7% in %V50 and +28.2% in %V25, respectively. Relating to clinical asthma types, moderate improvement in %MMF and %V25 from 16.7% to 16.9% was observed in type Ia cases, and marked increase in %MMF, %V50 and %V25 was observed from 42.2% to 43.2% in type Ib cases. However, no significant increase was found in these parameters of types Ia or Ib after spa therapy. In patients with type II, a significant increase was shown in %V50 (p less than 0.05) and %V25 (p less than 0.01) after spa therapy. The results show that spa therapy improves the condition of small airways disorder in patients with SDIA.
キーワード spa therapy bronchial asthma ventilatory function small airways
Amo Type Article
発行日 1992-06
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
46巻
3号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 175
終了ページ 178
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 1502922
Web of Science KeyUT A1992JB50400005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32659
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Kitani, Hikaru| Okazaki, Morihiro| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Honke, Naoko| Kusaura, Yasuharu| Kimura, Ikuro|
抄録 <p>Bronchial asthma was classified by the pathophysiology and by the mechanism of onset of the disease. Forty asthmatics who had serum IgE levels lower than 200 IU/ml were evaluated by two classification methods. 1. In asthma classified by a score based on clinical findings and examinations, the characteristics of the findings and examination results were compared among three asthma types, i.e., Ia. simple broncho-constriction type, Ib. bronchoconstriction+hypersecretion type, and II. bronchiolar obstruction type. Type Ib patients, in addition to manifesting hypersecretion, had a significantly higher proportion of eosinophils in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid compared to other asthma types. Significantly decreased values for ventilatory parameters and an increased proportion of BAL neutrophils were found in type II compared with other asthma types. 2. In a new classification by mechanism of onset, asthma was classified into three types according to the degree of participation of IgE-mediated reactions associated with specific IgE antibodies and serum levels of total IgE: asthma induced by definite IgE-mediated reaction (atopic asthma), possible IgE-mediated reactions (asthma), and asthma induced by non-IgE-mediated reaction (asthma syndrome).</p>
キーワード asthma asthma syndrome classification by pathophysiology classification by mechanism of onset
Amo Type Article
発行日 1992-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
46巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 381
終了ページ 387
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 1442158
Web of Science KeyUT A1992JX49500009
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32622
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Kitani, Hikaru| Okazaki, Morihiro| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Tanimizu, Masakuni| Honke, Naoko| Kusaura, Yasuharu| Ochi, Koji| Harada, Hideo| Soda, Ryo| Takahashi, Kiyoshi| Kimura, Ikuro|
抄録 Twenty-one patients with atopic asthma were classified into three types according to their symptoms (clinical diagnosis): Ia, simple bronchoconstriction; Ib, bronchoconstriction + hypersecretion; and II, bronchiolar obstruction, and this classification was compared with a classification made according to clinical findings and examinations (score diagnosis). Type Ib asthma was characterized by the increased incidence of eosinophils in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), while type II was characterized by ventilatory dysfunction in small airways and the increased incidence of neutrophils in BALF. Four patients, whose expectoration was between 50 and 99ml/day, of the 12 with type Ia assessed by clinical diagnosis were evaluated as type Ib by score diagnosis. One patient with type II by clinical diagnosis was assessed as questionable type II by score diagnosis. In the other 16 patients, the clinical and score diagnoses were the same.
キーワード bronchial asthma classification ventilatory function cellular composition of BALF sore diagnosis
Amo Type Article
発行日 1992-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
46巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 295
終了ページ 301
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 1442153
Web of Science KeyUT A1992JL44200010
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32167
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Okazaki, Morihiro| Kitani, Hikaru| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Asaumi, Noboru| Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Harada, Hideo| Takahashi, Kiyoshi| Kimura, Ikuro|
抄録 <p>Serum levels of total IgE, specific IgE, IgG and IgG4 against house dust mite were measured in mite-sensitive asthma patients receiving immunotherapy with house dust. Serum levels of total IgE, mite specific IgE and IgG did not significantly change during the course of hyposensitization. Increased levels of mite specific IgG4 were observed in patients during immunotherapy. The increase in specific IgG4 was dependent on the total dose of house dust administered in both children (r = 0.636, p less than 0.001) and adults (r = 0.629, p less than 0.01). However, the increase of specific IgG4 in adults was not as apparent as in children. These results might suggest that mite specific IgG4 is a useful immunological marker in the immunotherapy for allergic asthma, and that IgG4 antibody acts as a blocking antibody in atopic bronchial asthma.</p>
キーワード house dust mite bronchial asthma hyposensitization specific IgG4
Amo Type Article
発行日 1991-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
45巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 267
終了ページ 273
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 1962533
Web of Science KeyUT A1991GD78000009
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31587
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Kitani, Hikaru| Kajimoto, Kazuhiro| Sugimoto, Keisuke| Mifune, Takashi| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Yokota, Satoshi| Hiramatsu, Junichi| Kawaraya, Masashi| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
抄録 <p>Immunoallergological studies were carried out to clarify the differences between 24 patients with drug-induced asthma (DIA) and 240 with non-drug-induced asthma (non-DIA). The mean values of age, skin reaction to Candida albicans (C. albicans), serum IgE levels, specific IgE antibodies to house dust (HD) and C. albicans, bronchial sensitivity and leukotriene B4 (LTB4) synthesis from peripheral venous blood in patients with DIA were not significantly different from those in patients with non-DIA. In contrast, the frequency of positive skin reaction to HD and histamine release from peripheral basophils by anti-IgE were significantly lower in DIA than in non-DIA. These results agree with the reports that DIA was often observed in non-atopic asthma. But, the mean value of serum IgE was very high in DIA as well as in non-DIA. This result suggests that IgE mediated reaction in DIA is important. Furthermore, the proportion of neutrophils in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was significantly lower in DIA than in non-DIA. Our findings suggest that a decrease of intrapulmonary neutrophils might play an important role in the pathophysiology of DIA.</p>
キーワード drug allergy aspirin-induced asthma. LgE-mediated reacion chemical mediator bronchoalveolar lavage
Amo Type Article
発行日 1993-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
47巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 317
終了ページ 321
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 7505995
Web of Science KeyUT A1993ME47100005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31578
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Mifune, Takashi| Tanizaki, Yoshiro| Kitani, Hikaru| Okazaki, Morihiro| Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Kajimoto, Kazuhiro| Kimura, Ikuro|
抄録 <p>The effects of long-term glucocorticoid therapy on chemical mediator and cellular reaction in the airways were examined in 69 patients with bronchial asthma. The histamine release induced by Ca ionophore A23187 from cells in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid of atopic asthmatics was significantly lower in the subgroup with steroid-dependent intractable asthma (SDIA) than in non-SDIA patients (p &#60; 0.05). In contrast, histamine release in nonatopic SDIA patients did not differ from nonatopic non-SDIA patients. The release of leukotriene C4 (LTC4) was significantly lower in atopic patients with SDIA (p &#60; 0.02). However, there was no significant difference in LTC4 release between nonatopic patients with SDIA and without SDIA. The proportion of BAL lymphocytes was significantly lower in atopic patients with SDIA than in those without it (p &#60; 0.05), although there was no significant difference between the nonatopic patients with and without SDIA. These results show that glucocorticoids affect humoral and cellular events in the airways of atopic asthmatics more than in those of nonatopic asthmatics.</p>
キーワード histamine leukotrienes BAL cells intractable asthma glucocorticoids
Amo Type Article
発行日 1993-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
47巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 323
終了ページ 328
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 7505996
Web of Science KeyUT A1993ME47100006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31550
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Mitsunobu, Fumihiro| Kitani, Hikaru| Okazaki, Morihiro| Mifune, Takashi| Okano, Tomoharu| Honke, Naoko| Tanizaki, Yoshiro|
抄録 <p>Cell-mediated immunity was examined in 45 patients with bronchial asthma by observing the delayed cutaneous reaction to purified protein derivative (PPD) and Candida albicans (C. albicans). The delayed skin reaction to PPD showed a decrease with age starting between 50 and 59 years old. The delayed reaction to PPD decreased more prominently with aging, being significantly depressed in the patients aged over 70 years than in those aged between 30 and 49 years (induration, p &#60; 0.02; flare, p &#60; 0.01). The C. albicans-induced skin reaction was significantly lower in the patients aged over 70 years than in those between 60 and 69 years old (induration, p &#60; 0.01; flare, p &#60; 0.05). The delayed skin reaction to PPD and C. albicans was significantly depressed in the patients with a serum IgE level over 1001 IU/ml. Delayed skin reaction to PPD and C. albicans was more depressed with aging and an elevated serum IgE, and the age (50-59 years) at the initiation of depression in the PPD-induced delayed skin reaction was younger than that (over 70 years) in the C. albicans-induced reaction.</p>
キーワード cell-mediated immunity PPD Candida albicans bronchial asthma
Amo Type Article
発行日 1993-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
47巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 229
終了ページ 232
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 8213216
Web of Science KeyUT A1993LV73800002
著者 光延 文裕|
発行日 1988
出版物タイトル 岡山医学会雑誌
100巻
5-6号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15518
タイトル(別表記) Clinical significance of spa therapy in patients with steroid-dependent intractable asthma
フルテキストURL 065_119_127.pdf
著者 谷崎 勝朗| 貴谷 光| 御舩 尚志| 光延 文裕| 梶本 和宏| 横田 聡| 高田 一郎|
抄録 気管支喘息のなかでも,副腎皮質ホルモン依存性の喘息は,もっとも重症難治性であり,薬物療法のみでコントロールすることは極めて困難である。著者らの現在までの成績では,このようなステロイド依存性重症難治性喘息に対して,温泉療法は有効であった。このことは,喘息の治療,とりわけ重症難治例の治療には温泉療法が必要不可欠であることを示している。今回は,その臨床的有用性および機序について,若干の考察を加えた。1.臨床病型では,Ib型やII型に重症難治症例が多く,温泉療法はこれらの病型に対して有効であった。2.年齢別検討では,発症年齢では30才以上,また現年齢では40才以上の症例に対して温泉療法は有効であった。3.温泉療法による換気機能の改善では,小ないし細気管支領域の閉塞の改善がより高度であった。4.温泉療法により,気道過敏性が低下することが観察された。5.温泉療法により,高度に低下した副腎皮質機能の改善が見られた。5.ヨードゾル吸入,鉱泥湿布療法,温泉プール水泳ないし歩行訓練などが,喘息の治療に適した温泉療法と判断された。
抄録(別表記) It is very difficult or sometimes impossible for phisicians to control steroid-dependent intractable asthma (SDIA) without glucocorticoids because of the severity of asthma and low responsiveness to usual antiasthma drugs. Our previous studies have shown that spa therapy improves the symptoms and signs of patients with SDIA, suggesting that spa therapy is highly required for the treatment of SDIA. In this article, the effects and action mechanisms of spa therapy on SDIA were summarized according to the results previously described. 1. Spa therapy is more effective in patients with hypersecretion (type Ib) and bronchiolar obstruction (type II) than in those with simple bronchoconstriction (type Ia). 2. Spa therapy is more effective in patients with the age at onset over 30, and in those with the age over 40 years. 3. Obstructive dysfunction in small airways is more improved compared to that in medium or large airways by spa therapy for asthma patients. 4. Bronchial hyperresponsiveness of asthma patients is suppressed by spa therapy. 5. Markedly suppressed function of adrenocortical glands is improved by spa therapy. 6. Complex spa therapy including swimming training in a hot spring pool, inhalation of iodine salt solution and fango therapy is effective and clinically useful for the treatment of asthma patients.
キーワード 重症難治性喘息 (intractable asthma) 換気機能 (ventilatory function) ヨードゾル吸入 (inhalation of iodine salt solution) 鉱泥湿布療法 (fango therapy) 温泉プール水泳訓練 (swimming training in a hot spring pool)
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1994-09
65巻
開始ページ 119
終了ページ 127
ISSN 0918-7839
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307310
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15345
タイトル(別表記) 気管支喘息の発症における加齢の影響について
フルテキストURL 063_142_147.pdf
著者 光延 文裕| 貴谷 光| 岡崎 守宏| 御舩 尚志| 谷崎 勝朗|
抄録 Skin tests, serum total IgE levels, specific IgE antibodies against each allergen, bronchial reactions provoked by allergens and histamine release from basophils are well known as prameters of immediate allergic reactions. The incidence of positive immediate skin reaction to allergens such as house dust, ragweed, Aspergillus Alternaria, Cladosporium and Broncasma decreased with aging. On the other hand, the incidence of positive skin reaction to Candida albicans was higher in cases between the age of 41 and 50 and cases over the age of 61 compared to that in the other groups classified by age. Serum IgE levels was highest in cases aged between 0 and 30. The levels of serum IgE decreased with aging. The incidence of positive RAST scores (more than 2+) and positive bronchial reaction to house dust were highest in cases between 0 and 30, and decreased with aging. However, the positive ratio of these tests against C. albicans were highest in cases between 41 and 50. The degree of histamine release from basophils of asthmatics induced by anti-IgE was consistently high without any correlation to aging when their serum IgE levels were more than 501 IU/ml. In the cases with serum IgE levels of less than 300 IU/ml, basophil reactivity to anti-IgE decreasd with aging. Basophil reactivity to house dust was generally dependent on the levels of specific IgE antibodies against the allergen. Although basophil reactivity to C. albicans was also high in cases with positive RAST scores, some cases with a RAST score of 0+ or 1+ showed high or moderate basophil reactivity. Moderate or high reactivity of basophils was frequently observed in cases between 41 and 50 and cases over age 61.
抄録(別表記) 気管支喘息の発症機序の一つとして,IgE抗体にmediateされる即時型アレルギー反応や好塩基球の反応性の関与が明らかにされている。本論文では,即時型アレルギー反応や抗ヒトIgEや特異抗原に対する好塩基球の反応性が加齢によりどのような影響を受けるかについて検討を加えた。ハウスダスト,ブタクサ,アスペルギルス,アルテルナリア,クラドスポリウム,ブロンカスマ などによる皮内反応の陽性率は,加齢とともに低下する傾向を示した。一方カンジダによる皮内反応の陽性率は,41~50歳および61歳以上の年齢層で高度であった。血清IgE値は加齢とともに低下する傾向がみられた。ハウスダスト特異的IgE抗体,吸入誘発試験の陽性率は,加齢とともに低下する傾向を示した。一方カンジダでは特異的IgE抗体,吸入誘発試験いずれも41~50歳および61歳以上の年齢層で比較的高い陽性率が観察された。抗ヒトIgEに対する好塩基球の反応性は,血清IgEが高値(501IU/ml以上)の場合は年齢と関係なくIgE依存性であったが,血清IgE値の低い症例(301IU/ml以下)では年齢が高い群でその反応性が低い症例の比率が大きかった。ハウスダストに対する好塩基球の反応性は,抗ヒトIgE同様年齢が高い群ほど反応性が低い症例の比率が大きかった。カンジダに対する好塩基球の反応性は,41~50歳および61歳以上の年齢層の症例でより高度であった。
キーワード Skin test (皮内反応) IgE Provocation test (吸入誘発試験) Basophil reactivity (好塩基球の反応性) Aging (加齢)
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1992-06
63巻
開始ページ 142
終了ページ 147
ISSN 0913-3771
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307130
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15343
タイトル(別表記) 抗原および抗ヒトIgEに対する抗塩基球の反応性. 3.Ca2(+)の細胞内流入およびヒスタミン遊離
フルテキストURL 063_134_141.pdf
著者 谷崎 勝朗| 貴谷 光| 岡崎 守宏| 御舩 尚志| 光延 文裕| 木村 郁郎|
抄録 The release mechanism of chemical mediators from basophils and mast cells was discussed when these cells were stimulated by different antigens and anti-IgE. 1. Ca(2+) influx into mast cells increased after stimulation by antigen. The increased Ca(2+) uptake by mast cells was inhibited by antiallergic agents, disodium cromoglycate (DSCG) and tranilast, and calcium antagonists, nifedipine and nicardipine. 2. The dose-response curve of histamine release by antigen was different from that by anti-IgE. The maximum release of histamine by house dust was, however, similar to that by anti-IgE. House dust- and anti-IgE-induced release of histamine increased with higher- serum IgE levels. On the contrary, the release of histamine by Candida albicans was not releated to serum IgE levels, and the release by C. albicans did not parallel therelease by anti-IgE.
抄録(別表記) ハウスダスト,カンジダなどの抗原および抗ヒトIgE刺激時の,抗塩基球および肥満細胞からの化学伝達物質遊離機序について,若干の検討を行った。1.肥満細胞へのCa(2+)の流入は,抗原刺激後に増加する傾向を示した。この肥満細胞のCa(2+)取り込みの増加は,抗アレルギー剤であるクロモリン(DSCG)やトラニラストやCa(2+)拮抗剤であるニフェジピンやニカルジピンによって抑制された。2.抗原(ハウスダスト)によるヒスタミン遊離の濃度依存性カーブは,抗ヒトIgEによるカーブとは異なっていた。しかし,ハウスダストが抗原である症例では,抗原による最高ヒスタミン遊離値は,抗ヒトIgEによる遊離値とある程度の相関を示した。そして,抗原(ハウスダスト)および抗ヒトIgEによる好塩基球からのヒスタミン遊離は,血清IgE値が上昇するにつれて,増加する傾向が見られた。一方,カンジダによるヒスタミン遊離は,血清IgE値との相関は無く,また,抗ヒトIgEによるヒスタミン遊離との間にも関連は見られなかった。
キーワード Ca(2+) influx (Ca2+流入) histamine release (ヒスタミン遊離) house dust (ハウスダスト) Candida albicans (カンジダ) anti-lgE (抗ヒトIgE)
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1992-06
63巻
開始ページ 134
終了ページ 141
ISSN 0913-3771
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307872
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15338
タイトル(別表記) Immunotherapy in house dust mite sensitive asthma
フルテキストURL 063_117_122.pdf
著者 岡崎 守宏| 貴谷 光| 御舩 尚志| 光延 文裕| 谷水 将邦| 本家 尚子| 草浦 康浩| 谷崎 勝朗|
抄録 ダニ喘息はアトピー型喘息の典型であるが,これに対する根本療法としてアレルゲンであるハウスダストを皮下注射する免疫療法が臨床でおこなわれている。70-80%の有効性が報告されているが,その作用機序はいまだ不明である。この稿においては特異的IgE抗体,特異的IgG抗体,特異的lgG4抗体,抗イディオタイプ抗体,肥満細胞の反応性,リンパ球の役割について総説する。また新たな試みとしてのallergen antibody complexを使った免疫療法,ペプタイドを使用する治療の可能性についても言及する。
抄録(別表記) Immunotherapy with house dust extract is employed as a treatment of patients with house dust mite sensitive bronchial asthma. Although 70-80% efficacy of the treatment is reported, mechanisms of its efficacy are not clear yet. In this paper, reported studies of IgE antibody, IgG antibody, IgG4 antibody, antiidiotypic antibody, reactivity of mast cells and function of lymphocytes are reviewed. A new type of immunotherapy with allergen antibody immune complex and a potential use of influenza virus hemaglutinin peptide analogue are also referred.
キーワード ダニ喘息 (House dust mite sensitive bronchial asthma) 免疫療法 (lmmunotherapy)
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1992-06
63巻
開始ページ 117
終了ページ 122
ISSN 0913-3771
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307745
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15337
タイトル(別表記) Pathogenic significance of IgG and IgG(4) antibodies against Candida albicans in bronchial asthma
フルテキストURL 064_116_124.pdf
著者 谷崎 勝朗| 貴谷 光| 御舩 尚志| 光延 文裕| 梶本 和宏| 杉本 啓介|
抄録 カレジダ特異的IgG及びIgG(4)抗体が,気管支喘息の発症病態に関与しているかどうかについて検討を加えた。カンジダ特異的IgGおよびIgG(4)抗体は, 0-30才の年齢層の症例ではアトピー性素因の強い症例で,また,31-60才の年齢層の症例ではストロイド依存性重症難治性喘息症例で,さらに61才以上の高年令の症例で,その産生亢進が観察される。これらの症例におけるIgG及びIgG(4)抗体産生は,0-30才の年齢ではアトピーとの関連で,また31-60才の年齢では副腎皮質ホルモンの長期投与と関連して,さらに61才以上の症例では加齢と関連して,細胞性免疫能が低下し,そのためカンジダの発育が促進され,その結果として,IgG及びIgG(4)抗体の産生亢進が見られることが明らかにされている。すなわち,気管支喘息におけるカンジダに対するIgG系抗体の産生亢進は,cell-mediated immunityの低下と言う共通の基盤を有しており,病因的意義とは必ずしも関連していないことを述べた。
抄録(別表記) Pathogenic significance of IgG and IgG(4) antibodies against Candida albicans was discussed in patients with bronchial asthma. An increased production of IgG and IgG(4) antibodies against Candida albicans has been observed in patients with atopic between the ages of 0 and 30, those with steroid-dependent intractable asthma between 31 and 61, and elderly patients over the age of 61. The mechanism of an increased production of IgG and IgG(4) antibodies seems to be related to atopy in patients between 0 and 30, long-term glucocorticoid therapy in those with steroid-dependent intractable asthma between 31 and 60, and aging in elderly patients over age 61. Atopy, glucocorticoid therapy and aging in general suppress cell-mediated immunity, and suppressed cell-mediated immunity increases growth of C. albicans in patient's body, leading to an increased production of IgG and IgG(4) antibodies against C. albicans. These results show that an increased production of IgG and IgG(4) antibodies against C. albicans is not always related to the pathogenesis of bronchial asthma.
キーワード カンジダ (Candida) lgG抗体 (IgG antibodies) IgG(4)抗体 (IgG(4) antibodies) アトピー (Atopy) 気管支喘息 (Bronchial asthma)
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1993-06
64巻
開始ページ 116
終了ページ 124
ISSN 0918-7839
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307381
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15332
タイトル(別表記) 気管支肺胞洗浄液中リンパ球増多と患者年齢およびIgE系アレルギー反応との関連について
フルテキストURL 064_097_104.pdf
著者 谷崎 勝朗| 貴谷 光| 御船 尚志| 光延 文裕| 木村 郁郎|
抄録 The proportion and number of lymphocytes in the airways were analyzed in 15 patients with a high proportion of lymphocytes in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid (more than 30%) and in 17 patients with less than 20% of BAL lymphocytes. 1. Both atopic and nonatopic asthma patients with a high proportion of BAL lymphocytes were aged more than 50 years. In contrast, the age of patients with less than 20% of BAL lymphocytes ranged widely, from 29 to 63 years, in the two asthma types. 2. Age at onset of the disease, serum IgE levels, and ventilatory function test were not related to the proportion of BAL lymphocytes. 3. In patients with a high proportion of BAL lymphocytes, the mean proportion of these cells was 47.3% in atopic patients and 36.4% in non-atopic patients, i. e., there was no significant difference between the two asthma types. The absolute number of BAL lymphocytes in these patients was significantly higher in atopic (5.62×10(6)) than in nonatopic asthma (0.77×10(6)) (p<0.01). These findings show that an increased number of lymphocytes in the airways is clearly related to patient age and IgE-mediated allergic reaction.
抄録(別表記) 気管支肺胞洗浄(BAL)液中のリンパ球頻度が30%以上の15例および20%以下の17例の気管支喘息患者を対象に,BAL液中リンパ球頻度と年齢およびIgE系反応との関連について検討を加えた。1.BALリンパ球が高頻度(30%以上)を示す症例は,アトピー型,非アトピー型を問わず,50才以上の年齢層に多い傾向が見られた。一方,BALリンパ球20%以下の症例の年齢は,29-63才まで幅広く分布していた。2.発症年齢,血清IgE値,換気機能とBAL液中リンパ球頻度との間には関連は見られなかった。3.BAL液中リンパ球頻度が高い症例では,アトピー型では平均リンパ球頻度は47.3%,非アトピー型では36.4%であったが,両群間には有意の差は見られなかった。しかし,BAL液中のリンパ球の絶対数は,アトピー型(5.62×10(6))において,非アトピー型(0.77×10(6)) に比べ有意に高い値を示した(p<0.01)。これらの結果は,気道内リンパ球の増加は,患者年齢とIgE系反応と密接に関連していることを示唆している。
キーワード BAL lymphocytes patient age IgE-mediated allergic reaction bronchial asthma
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1993-06
64巻
開始ページ 97
終了ページ 104
ISSN 0918-7839
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307637
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15327
タイトル(別表記) Inhibitory effect of furosemide on histamine release from human basophils
フルテキストURL 063_095_098.pdf
著者 貴谷 光| 草浦 康浩| 本家 尚子| 谷水 将邦| 光延 文裕| 御舩 尚志| 岡崎 守宏| 谷崎 勝朗|
抄録 furosemideは利尿剤として知られているが,吸入することにより気道収縮に対して抑制的に作用することが近年報告されている。その抑制作用の機序を明らかにする目的で,furosemide添加による末梢血好塩基球からのヒスタミン遊離に対する抑制効果を検討した。健常人4例,アトピー型気管支喘息患者8例を対象として全血法で抗ヒトIgE刺激によるヒスタミン遊離を観察した。なお,furosemideの最終濃度は0,1,10,100μg/mlに調整して添加実験を行った。健常人,気管支喘息いずれにおいても,furosemide添加による末梢血好塩基球からのヒスタミン遊離に対する抑制効果はみられなかった。
抄録(別表記) Inhibitory effect of furosemide on histamine release from basophils induced by anti-IgE was examined in 4 healthy subjects and 8 patients with atopic asthma. The experiments of basophil histamine release were carried out by using whole blood method. The mean values of histamine release after 15 min preincubation with furosemide at various concentrations were not significantly decreased, in both healthy and asthmatic subjects compared to those of histamine release without furosemide. The results obtained here show that furosemide does not inhibit histamine release from basophils by the whole blood method.
キーワード 気管支喘息 (Bronchial asthma) フロセミド (Furosemide) ヒスタミン遊離 (Histamine release)
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1992-06
63巻
開始ページ 95
終了ページ 98
ISSN 0913-3771
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307119
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15326
タイトル(別表記) Clinical evaluation of an endoscopic image filing system, Olympus SDF-3
フルテキストURL 063_074_078.pdf
著者 越智 浩二| 三宅 啓文| 松本 秀次| 妹尾 敏伸| 田中 淳太郎| 原田 英雄| 光延 文裕| 谷崎 勝朗|
抄録 光ディスクとパーソナルコンピュータを組み合わせた内視鏡画像ファイリングシステムは電子内視鏡の画像の保存・管理,検索・再生などに威力を発揮する。今回,われわれはオリンパス社製内視鏡ファイリングシステムSDF-3を使用する機会を得たので,その有用性や問題点の検討を行った。有用性としては,①内視鏡画像を検査終了後直ちに再生し,再検討できる,②多数の項目についての検索や統計処理が可能である,③限られたスペース内で大量の画像データの一括保存・管理が可能であるなどが挙げられる。一方,問題点としては,①内視鏡再生画像は画質が劣化する,②検索機能を十分に活用するにはかなり煩雑な人力操作を必要とする,③光ディスクの清掃が必要であるなどがあげられる。本内視鏡ファイリングシステムに今後必要な改良点やその展望についても合わせて考案を加えた。
抄録(別表記) Olympus SDF-3, an endoscopic image filing system using an electronic endoscope in conjunction with a personal computer and an optical disk, has been recently developed. We evaluated the usefulness of this filing system with 449 cases of gastroduodenal endoscopy. As a result, we have found that this filing system has following advantages : (1) one can review endoscopic images immediately after endoscopic examinations ; (2) previously documented endoscopic image can be searched and reviewed in a short time ; (3) statistical analysis of documented cases is facilitated. However, it has some disadvantages as well to be improved : (1) quality of endoscopic images is deteriorated in the process of filing ; (2) putting patients' data into the filing system is time-consuming ; (3) frequent cleaning of an optic disk is required. This endoscopic image filing system needs to be further developed and refined.
キーワード 画像ファイリングシステム (image filing system) 電子内視鏡 (electronic endoscope)
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1992-06
63巻
開始ページ 74
終了ページ 78
ISSN 0913-3771
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307278