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ID 42649
フルテキストURL
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タイトル(別表記)
The Characteristics of Staphylococci Isolated from Lesions in Human Mouth Part 1. Production of Hemolysins
著者
安井 立彌 岡山大学医学部微生物学教室
抄録
Using 4 strains considered to belong to Staphylococcus aureus and albus, selected from various bacteria isolated from the human mouth as test bacteria and one strain each of the standard-strain bacteria kept in our laboratory as the control, the author made comparative studies of the productivity of hemolysins of both growing bacteria and resting cells as well as investigated effects of various conditions on the production of hemolysins. The results are presented in the following. 1. By passage through the animal the productivity of hemolysin increases markedly in the case of standard strain of aureus while with albus the increase is only slight. 2. On the whole the productivity of hemolysin of the bacteria belonging to aureus strain is greater than those belonging to the albus, and No.2 and standard strain of aureus presents the hemolyzat the highest degree. 3. Nitrogen source is required in the production of hemolysins by resting cells, and the most effective one is pepton; while among amino acids, glutamate, aspartate, alanine and glycine are effective, but there is no amino acid known to be indispensable to the hemolysin production. Though hemolysin production does not occur when carbon source alone is added, when C-source is added in combination with N-source, the hemolysin production is enhanced. However, in the case of sugars, pH is lowered during the oxidation so there is a tendency to inhibit the hemolysin production. 4. Hemolysin production is inhibited by such metal ions as Fe(++), Mg(++), Co(++) and Cu(++), and it is likewise inhibited by monoiodoacetate, aureomycine, and chloromycetine. 5. Hemolysin produced by the resting cells are all unstable against heat with exception of standar strain of albus.
発行日
1957-10-31
出版物タイトル
岡山医学会雑誌
出版物タイトル(別表記)
Journal of Okayama Medical Association
69巻
10号
出版者
岡山医学会
出版者(別表記)
Okayama Medical Association
開始ページ
2485
終了ページ
2495
ISSN
0030-1558
NCID
AN00032489
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
オフィシャル URL
https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/joma1947/69/10/69_10_2485/_article/-char/ja/
関連URL
http://www.okayama-u.ac.jp/user/oma/
言語
Japanese
著作権者
Copyright© 岡山医学会
論文のバージョン
publisher
査読
有り
Eprints Journal Name
joma