著者 Babazono, Akira| Tsuda, Toshihide| Yamamoto, Eiji| Mino, Yoshio| Une, Hiroshi| Hillman, Alan L.|
発行日 2003-8
出版物タイトル International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
19巻
3号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
著者 Babazono, Akira| Miyazaki, Motonobu| Imatoh, Takuya| Une, Hiroshi| Yamamoto, Eiji| Tsuda, Toshihide| Tanaka, Kiyoshi| Tanihara, Shinichi|
発行日 2005-4
出版物タイトル International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
21巻
2号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32288
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Kubota, Masayuki| Babazono, Akira| Aoyama, Hideyasu|
抄録 <p>The purpose of this study was to verify the differences in women's anxiety in old age, the expected long-term care provision, and the expected final location for terminal care for the women themselves and for their parents. In addition, we examined factors that related to their anxiety and needs. The subjects were 1,000 women of the Seikatsu Club customer cooperative association in Chiba; 539 responded to our survey. The subjects were more anxious for their parents than for themselves. They more strongly expected long-term care for their parents to be provided by their family than they expected the same for themselves. Although no differences were observed in the expected location for terminal care, most subjects expected their home to be the terminal location. Analysis by the multiple logistic regression model indicated that the following factors were significantly related to the anxiety in old age: age odds ratio [OR = 1.81], employment [OR = 2.25] for women, and planning to live with parents [OR = 2.42], housing conditions [OR = 0.56] for parents. The following factors were significantly related to the expected long-term care provision: age [OR = 2.22] for women, and age [OR = 2.15], living with parents [OR = 3.58], and employment [OR = 2.33] for parents. Age [OR = 2.14] for women, and planning to live with parents [OR = 2.09] for parents were significantly related to the expected final location of terminal care. This survey showed that women expected long-term care for their parents to be provided by their family, while many expected public long-term care services for themselves. This is the biggest difference in women's outlook on long-term care for their parents and for themselves. Multivariate analysis suggested that women aged 40 years or over, who will need long-term care in the future, tended to expect public home care services for themselves. It is virtually certain that the demand for public home care services will increase in the future.</p>
キーワード long-term care terminal care family burden puburic home care public long-term care insurance
Amo Type Article
発行日 2000-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
54巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 75
終了ページ 83
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 10806528
Web of Sience KeyUT 000086735900004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31088
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Uchida, Hayato| Mino, Yoshio| Babazono, Akira| Ogawa, Takanori| Aoyama, Hideyasu|
抄録 <p>To clarify the influence of the introduction of metal bats on the physique and batting records of the players in the National Summer High School Baseball Tournaments, a comparative analysis was conducted between height, body weight, body-weight ratio (body weight/height), batting average and home run average of the best four teams' players (n = 493) and those of the other teams' players (n = 4,590) in three periods: the period of the use of wooden bats, that of the use of both wooden and metal bats and that of the use of metal bats. In the period of metal bat use, the mean values of physique of the best four teams' players were significantly larger (P &#60; 0.05) and their average number of home runs was significantly higher than those of the other teams' players (P &#60; 0.01). The only significant differences between the two groups in those indices for each time period were for height in the wood and metal/wood periods. This study demonstrated that the differences between the home run average and physique, including height, body weight and body-weight ratio of the best four teams and the rest of the teams were the greatest after the use of metal bats. These findings suggest that the importance of the home run average increased and was associated with large-size of physique after the use of metal bats in the National Summer High School Baseball Tournaments.</p>
キーワード male high school students baseball players height body weight body-weight ratio batting records
Amo Type Article
発行日 1994-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
48巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 217
終了ページ 223
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 7817777
Web of Sience KeyUT A1994PE51400007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30938
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Babazono, Akira| Kitajima, Hiroyuki| Nishimaki, Shigeru| Nakamura, Tomohiko| Shiga, Seigo| Hayakawa, Masahiro| Tanaka, Tahei| Sato, Kazuo| Nakayama, Hideki| Ibara, Satoshi| Une, Hiroshi| Doi, Hiroyuki|
抄録 <p>We evaluated the infection risks in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) using data of NICU infection surveillance data. The subjects were 871 NICU babies, consisting of 465 boys and 406 girls, who were cared for between June 2002 and January 2003 in 7 medical institutions that employed NICU infection surveillance. Infections were defined according to the National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance (NNIS) System. Of the 58 babies with nosocomial infections, 15 had methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection. Multiple logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the odds ratio for nosocomial infections was significantly related to gender, birth weight and the insertion of a central venous catheter (CVC). When the birth weight group of more than 1, 500g was regarded as the reference, the odds ratio was 2.35 in the birth weight group of 1,000-1,499g and 8.82 in the birth weight group of less than 1,000g. The odds ratio of the CVC () for nosocomial infection was 2.27. However, other devices including artificial ventilation, umbilical artery catheter, umbilical venous catheter, and urinary catheter were not significant risk factors. The incidence of MRSA infection rapidly increased from 0.3% in the birth weight group of more than 1,500g to 2.1% in the birth weight group of 1,000-1,499g, and to 11.1% in the birth weight group of less than 1,000g. When the birth weight group of more than 1,500g was regarded as the reference, multiple logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the odds ratio was 7.25 in the birth weight group of 1,000-1,499g and 42.88 in the birth weight group of less than 1,000g. These odds ratios were significantly higher than that in the reference group. However, the application of devices did not cause any significant differences in the odds ratio for MRSA infection.</p>
キーワード risk factors nosocomial infection neonatal intensive care unit JANIS
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2008-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
62巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 261
終了ページ 268
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 18766209
Web of Sience KeyUT 000258680900006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30478
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Uchida, Hayato| Mino, Yoshio| Tsuda, Toshihide| Babazono, Akira| Kawada, Yuichi| Araki, Hidetoshi| Ogawa, Takanori| Aoyama, Hideyasu|
抄録 <p>A cross-sectional study was conducted to quantitatively evaluate the relationship between the instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) and various physical fitness tests in elderly women living at home. The study focused on the total population of those women aged 65 years and over living in Y Town, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan, who visited a nursing home for day services. A total of 128 subjects were divided into two groups: dependent in IADL group (n = 49) and independent in IADL group (n = 79). The magnitude of the relation was evaluated by the odds ratio (OR). The following tests showed a significant decrease in IADL: knee-raising test [age-adjusted OR = 4.23, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.81-9.87], height (age-adjusted OR = 4.09, 95% CI 1.75-9.56), grip strength (age-adjusted OR = 3.68, 95% CI 1.57-8.60), sit-and-reach test (age-adjusted OR = 2.76, 95% CI 1.20-6.34), and standing on one leg with closed eyes (age-adjusted OR = 2.56, 95% CI 1.09-5.97). Multivariate analysis using Hayashi's quantification method I indicated that knee-raising was the test most highly correlated with decreased IADL. These results suggest that measurement of knee-raising ability, muscle strength of the lower extremities and flexibility of hip joint could be the most useful factors to assess the level of instrumental self-support ability.</p>
キーワード elderly women living at home instrumental activities of daily living physical fitness test kneeraising ability
Amo Type Article
発行日 1996-12
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
50巻
6号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 325
終了ページ 333
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 8985470
Web of Sience KeyUT A1996WA04500007