JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/51867
フルテキストURL 67_5_311.pdf
著者 Nishida, Keiichiro| Hashizume, Hiroyuki| Matsukawa, Akihiro| Hashizume, Kenzo| Shimamura, Yasunori| Torigoe, Yasuyuki| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
抄録 We report a case of 4th metacarpal head collapse of a 19-year-old healthy man. MRI revealed T1 low and T2 high regions in the collapsed 4th metacarpal head, as well as in the right 3rd and left 4th metacarpal head. Our initial diagnosis was occult compression fracture due to avascular necrosis, known as Dieterich's disease. However, pathological findings of surgically resected right 4th metacarpal head were compatible with transient osteoporosis and metacarpal head fracture followed by active tissue repair. The autologous osteochondral transplants from costchondral junction survived and maintained their size and shape even at 10-year follow-up.
キーワード occult compression fracture metacarpal head avascular necrosis osteochondral autograft
Amo Type Case Report
発行日 2013-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
67巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 311
終了ページ 317
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2013 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 24145731
Web of Sience KeyUT 000325836100005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/49255
フルテキストURL 67_1_35.pdf
著者 Watanabe, Masutaka| Arita, Seizaburo| Hashizume, Hiroyuki| Honda, Mitsugi| Nishida, Keiichiro| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
抄録 The purpose of this study was to quantitatively evaluate Akahori's preoperative classification of cubital tunnel syndrome. We analyzed the results for 57 elbows that were treated by a simple decompression procedure from 1997 to 2004. The relationship between each item of Akahori's preoperative classification and clinical stage was investigated based on the parameter distribution. We evaluated Akahori's classification system using multiple regression analysis, and investigated the association between the stage and treatment results. The usefulness of the regression equation was evaluated by analysis of variance of the expected and observed scores. In the parameter distribution, each item of Akahori's classification was mostly associated with the stage, but it was difficult to judge the severity of palsy. In the mathematical evaluation, the most effective item in determining the stage was sensory conduction velocity. It was demonstrated that the established regression equation was highly reliable (R=0.922). Akahori's preoperative classification can also be used in postoperative classification, and this classification was correlated with postoperative prognosis. Our results indicate that Akahori's preoperative classification is a suitable system. It is reliable, reproducible and well-correlated with the postoperative prognosis. In addition, the established prediction formula is useful to reduce the diagnostic complexity of Akahori's classification.
キーワード cubital tunnel syndrome ulnar nerve Akahoriʼs classification multiple regression analysis
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2013-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
67巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 35
終了ページ 44
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2013 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 23439507
Web of Sience KeyUT 000316829900005
関連URL http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/50647
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32855
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Shimamura, Yasunori| Nishida, Keiichiro| Imatani, Junya| Noda, Tomoyuki| Hashizume, Hiroyuki| Ohtsuka, Aiji| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
抄録 <p>We biomechanically evaluated the bone fixation rigidity of an ONI plate (Group I) during fixation of experimentally created transcondylar humerus fractures in cadaveric elbows, which are the most frequently observed humeral fractures in the elderly, and compared it with the rigidity achieved by 3 conventional fixation methods:an LCP reconstruction plate 3.5 using a locking mechanism (Group II), a conventional reconstruction plate 3.5 (CRP) with a cannulated cancellous screw (Group III), and a CRP with 2 cannulated cancellous screws (CS) in a crisscross orientation (Group IV). In the axial loading test, the mean failure loads were:Group I, 98.9+/-32.6;Group II, 108.5+/-27.2;Group III, 50.0+/-7.5;and Group IV, 34.5+/-12.2 (N). Group I fixations failed at a significantly higher load than those of Groups III and IV (p0.05). In the extension loading test, the mean failure loads were:Group I, 34.0+/-12.4;Group II, 51.0+/-14.8;Group III, 19.3+/-6.0;and Group IV, 14.7+/-3.1 (N). Group IV fixations showed a significantly lower failure load than those of Group I (p0.05). The fixation rigidities against mechanical loading by the ONI plate and LCP plate were comparable. These results suggested that an ONI system might be superior to the CRP and CS method, and comparable to the LCP method in terms of fixation rigidity for distal humerus fractures.</p>
キーワード distal humerus fracture biomechanics internal fixation elderly
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2010-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
64巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 115
終了ページ 120
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 20424666
Web of Sience KeyUT 000276996900005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32019
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Yamakawa, Seigo| Hashizume, Hiroyuki| Ichikawa, Norikazu| Itadera, Eichi| Inoue, Hajime|
抄録 <p>A prospective study was performed to determine the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compared with operative findings in the evaluation of patients associated with rotator cuff tears. Fifty-four of 60 shoulders (58 patients) examined by MRI were confirmed as full-thickness tears and 6 as partial-thickness tears at the time of surgery. The oblique coronal, oblique sagittal, and axial planes of T2-weighted images with the 0.5 tesla MRI system were obtained preoperatively and compared with operative findings. MRI correctly identified 46 of 54 full-thickness rotator cuff tears and 5 of 6 partial-thickness tears. A comparison of MRI and operative findings in full-thickness cuff tears showed a sensitivity of 85%, a specificity of 83%, and a positive prospective value (PPV) of 99%. A comparison of partial-thickness tears showed a sensitivity of 83%, a specificity of 85%, and PPV of 39%. Linear regression analysis showed an excellent correlation between the MRI assessment and measurement at the time of surgery (r = 0.90, P &#60; 0.01). MRI was useful in evaluating large and medium-sized rotator cuff tears, but less useful in distinguishing small full-thickness tears from partial-thickness tears.</p>
キーワード rotator cuff tear magnetic resonance imaging diagnosis
Amo Type Article
発行日 2001-11
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
55巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 261
終了ページ 268
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 11688948
Web of Sience KeyUT 000171635400001
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31644
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Takahiro, Hirooka| Hashizume, Hiroyuki| Senda, Masuo| Nagoshi, Mitsuru| Inoue, Hajime| Nagashima, Hiroaki|
抄録 <p>Forty-one hands of 37 patients with idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome treated by endoscopic carpal tunnel release (ECTR) were followed up for more than one year after surgery. Surgical results were evaluated using Kelly's criteria, the Semmes-Weinstein test, the static and moving 2-point discrimination tests, tip-pinch strength, and motor and sensory nerve conduction studies. Clinical results, according to Kelly's criteria three months after surgery, were excellent or good in 36 hands, and fair or poor in five hands. No recovery was evident at six months and 12 months after surgery in fair and poor hands. Based on these findings, we conclude that a neurolysis of the median nerve and release of constriction of the thenar muscle branch should be performed using the conventional open technique for patients with poor results three months after ECTR if the patients are dissatisfied with ECTR results</p>
キーワード carpal tunnel syndrome endoscopic carpal tunnel release idiopathic
Amo Type Article
発行日 1999-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
53巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 39
終了ページ 44
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Web of Sience KeyUT 000078897700007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31628
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Masaoka, Shunji| Hashizume, Hiroyuki| Senda, Masuo| Nishida, Keiichiro| Nagoshi, Mitsuru| Inoue, Hajime|
抄録 <p>Seventy-nine shoulders suspected of rotator cuff tears were examined by ultrasonography (US) and forty-three received surgery. Long and short axis scans were performed and findings of each were separately classified according to a five-grade system, and the results were correlated with the actual extent of tear observed during surgery. Internal echogenicity and subacromial impingement were analyzed before and after surgery. A accuracy of US in detecting rotator cuff tears was analyzed. In addition, the correlation between cuff shape observed by US before surgery and actual shape observed during surgery was assessed. It was noted that cuff thinning and abnormalities in shape did not recover to normal after surgery. However, in the cases of discontinuities observed by US before surgery, US findings indicated that the torn cuff was anchored to the greater tuberosity and functional during active motion. Although post-operative US findings were not normal, clinical results were good in most cases. Sensitivity of US for detecting rotator cuff tear was 100% and specificity 94%. US is non-invasive, cost effective and allows the physician to examine the joint while it is in motion. Therefore, at this time, we use US as a screening method for detecting rotator cuff tears. Furthermore, US allows us to check for re-tears while the joint is in motion, which is essential for accurate diagnosis.</p>
キーワード rotator cuff tear ultrasonography diagnostic image
Amo Type Article
発行日 1999-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
53巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 81
終了ページ 89
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Web of Sience KeyUT 000080058700004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31614
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Hasegawa, Kenya| Hashizume, Hiroyuki| Senda, Masuo| Kawai, Akira| Inoue, Hajime|
抄録 To evaluate the usefulness of endoscopic carpal tunnel release (ECTR) on patients with idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome, multiple aspects of the results of 44 hands (42 patients) treated by ECTR and 40 hands (40 patients) treated by open carpal tunnel release (OCTR) were compared. Results of ECTR were compared with those of OCTR to study not only recovery rate and surgical safety but also cost-effectiveness. Although ECTR was much less invasive than OCTR, recovery of median nerve palsy in the ECTR group was not as good as that in the OCTR group one month after the surgery. Three months after surgery, the palsy of patients treated by ECTR had improved to almost the same extent as in those treated by OCTR. There were no major surgical complications in both ECTR and OCTR groups. The cost and time needed for ECTR treatment was 1/3 of those needed for OCTR. ECTR reduced both cost and treatment time, which is beneficial for both doctors and patients.
キーワード carpal tunnel syndrome surgical treatment endoscopic carpal tunnel release open carpal tunnel release
Amo Type Article
発行日 1999-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
53巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 179
終了ページ 183
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 Copyright© Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 10488404
Web of Sience KeyUT 000082334300003
関連URL http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/5223
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31338
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Takagoshi, Hidekazu| Hashizume, Hiroyuki| Nishida, Keiichiro| Masaoka, shunji| Asahara, Hiroshi| Inoue, Hajime|
抄録 <p>The fibrous components of the metacarpophalangeal (MP) joint including the palmar plate, the collateral ligament and the dorsal plate were studied with particular attention paid to the fibrous structure of the fibrous tendon sheath and the deep transverse metacarpal ligament. The tough fibrillar structure around the MP joint, especially the force nucleus, consisted of three types of mixed fibers: the fibrous tendon sheath of the A1 pulley, the deep transverse metacarpal ligament, and the palmar plate. The tendon sheath was located on the ulnar side in the index and middle fingers, on the central position in the ring finger, and on the radial side in the little finger. These fibrous connections among the fingers formed a transverse arch in the hand. The palmar plate of the MP joint was relatively rigid and appears to function as a cushion when flexed. A fold-like protrusion of the synovial layer of the palmar plate of the MP joint had a meniscoid function, which was larger than that of the proximal interphalangeal joint. The capsule of the MP joint was thicker at the dorsal area, forming a dorsal plate, which is a sliding floor of the extensor mechanism and has a meniscoid function for joint congruity. The main lateral stabilizer consisted of collateral ligaments and accessory collateral ligaments anchored to the palmar plate. These structures act together as a &#34;phalangeal cuff&#34;, connecting the proximal phalanx to the metacarpal head and sta</p>
キーワード metacarpophalangeal joint collagen framework
Amo Type Article
発行日 1998-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
52巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 19
終了ページ 26
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 9548990
Web of Sience KeyUT 000072264100003
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31135
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Takahashi, Yuhiko| Hashizume, Hiroyuki| Inoue, Hajime| Ogura, Takashi|
抄録 <p>Excised extensor retinacula of the first compartment and tenosynovium from 35 patients (6 men and 29 women) with de Quervain's disease were examined by light and electron microscopy to investigate the pathogenic mechanism. The patients, aged from 22-78 years, averaging 50 years, comprised the study group. Two hundred and thirty-two specimens from cadavers of 95 men and 75 women were macroscopically examined as the control. In the study group, the extensor retinaculum and tenosynovium were macroscopically thickened, and were histologically classified into 4 groups based on presence or absence of septum, and the location of retinacular thickening. Morphologically, the thickening of the tenosynovium and retinaculum was due to fibrosis in every layer, although fibroses were seen mainly in the middle layer. The ratios of proliferation of fibroblasts, myxoid changes and/or hyaline degeneration, and vascular proliferation were varied between layers. Minimal round cell infiltration was found in the retinaculum as well as in the tenosynovium. The results also indicate that the Iwahara-Nozue test can be used to accurately predict relatively greater thickening of the retinaculum on the extensor pollicis brevis side. Based on clinicopathological analyses, it appears that de Quervain's disease is induced not only by extrinsic factors such as superficial friction but also by intrinsic factors.</p>
キーワード de Quervain's disease stenosing tenosynovitis ultrastructural study histopathology
Amo Type Article
発行日 1994-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
48巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 7
終了ページ 15
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 8191920
Web of Sience KeyUT A1994MY85100002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31111
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Akagi, Takeshi| Hashizume, Hiroyuki| Inoue, Hajime| Ogura, Takashi| Nagayama, Noriyuki|
抄録 <p>Stress is a proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint model was analyzed by the two-dimensional and three-dimensional finite element methods (FEM) to study the onset mechanisms of the middle phalangeal base fracture. The structural shapes were obtained from sagittally sectioned specimens of the PIP joint for making FEM models. In those models, four different material properties were given corresponding to cortical bone, subchondral bone, cancellous bone and cartilage. Loading conditions were determined by estimating the amount and position of axial pressure added to the middle phalanx. A general finite element program (MARC) was used for computer simulation analysis. The results of the fracture experiments compared with the clinical manifestation of the fractures justify the applicability of the computer simulation models using FEM analysis. The stress distribution changed as the angle of the PIP joint changed. Concentrated stress was found on the volar side of the middle phalangeal base in the hyperextension position, and was found on the dorsal side in the flexion position. In the neutral position, the stress was found on both sides. Axial stress on the middle phalanx causes three different types of fractures (volar, dorsal and both) depending upon the angle of the PIP joint. These results demonstrate that the type of PIP joint fracture dislocation depends on the angle of the joint at the time of injury. The finite element method is one of the most useful methods for analyzing the onset mechanism of fractures.</p>
キーワード finite element method stress analysis computer simulation fracture experiment proximal interphalangeal joint fracture dislocation
Amo Type Article
発行日 1994-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
48巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 263
終了ページ 270
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 7863798
Web of Sience KeyUT A1994PP23600006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31103
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Watanabe, Hiroyoshi| Hashizume, Hiroyuki| Inoue, Hajime| Ogura, Takashi|
抄録 <p>The functional roles of the three-dimensional fibrillar ultrastructure of the proximal interphalangeal joint volar plates of human fingers were studied by light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The results revealed that the volar plate consists of three layers of fibers. The first layer forms an intracavity wall with two parts, the proximal &#34;membranous portion&#34;, and the distal &#34;meniscoid protrusion&#34; that is separated from the middle phalangeal base by a &#34;recess&#34;. The second layer contains the &#34;check ligament&#34;, which lies parallel to the fibers of the tendon, anchors tightly into the middle phalangeal base, and protects the joint from hyperextension. The third layer connects to the fibers from the accessory ligament and ligamentous tendon sheath of the A3 pulley, perpendicularly crosses the fibers of the tendon, becomes the periosteum of the middle phalangeal base, and functions as a hanging support for the volar plate and as a gliding floor for the flexor tendon.</p>
キーワード human finger proximal interphalangeal joint volar plate collagen framework
Amo Type Article
発行日 1994-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
48巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 101
終了ページ 108
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 8042533
Web of Sience KeyUT A1994NJ77500006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30794
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Nagoshi, Mitsuru| Hashizume, Hiroyuki| Nishida, Keiichiro| Takagoshi, Hidekazu| Pu, Jean| Inoue, Hajime|
抄録 <p>Sixty-seven trigger fingers of 58 idiopathic and hemodialysis patients were treated by percutaneous A1-pulley release technique. Severity of triggering was classified into five grades for treatment selection and prediction of possible results. Results were excellent in 41 fingers, good in 9, fair in 7, and poor in 10, requiring additional treatment. The results of the lower grades were better, and those of the higher grades were poor. Excellent or good results appeared to depend on the proper selection of the patients according to the grading system and confirmation of triggering disappearance just after the release. There were neither infections nor neuro-vascular deficits after treatment. Compared to conventional open release, this treatment was found to be more useful from the standpoints of ease and safety of the technique, and the patients' quick return to normal life.</p>
キーワード trigger finger percutaneous release idiopathic hemodialysis
Amo Type Article
発行日 1997-06
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
51巻
3号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 155
終了ページ 158
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 9227795
Web of Sience KeyUT A1997XJ12700007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30792
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Shigeyama, Yukio| Inoue, Hajime| Hashizume, Hiroyuki| Nagashima, Hiroaki| Senda, Masuo|
抄録 <p>Accurate assessment of elbow function is important to determine the total ability of the arm. The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between isometric muscle strength of the elbows of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and Larsen's X-ray evaluation. Fifty-six elbows of 45 RA patients aged 47 to 77 years (mean age, 63 years) were tested. Muscle strength was measured with an isometric torque-cell dynamometer. Test-retest reliability of the dynamometer was proven by measuring 12 elbows of 6 healthy young men. In RA patients, elbow flexion and extension strength decreased in proportion to increases in the severity of Larsen's grades from Grade 1 to 4. However, Grade 5 elbows had greater muscle strength than those in Grade 4. Forearm pronation and supination strength also decreased in proportion to increases in the severity of Larsen's grades from Grade 1 to 5. This quantitative study made it clear that the muscle strength of RA patients' elbows almost completely correlates to X-ray finding according to the grade of Larsen's evaluation based on X-rays. With regard to muscle strength of postoperative elbows, both flexion strength and supination strength after total elbow replacement (TER) were about two times greater than before TER, and after synovectomy it was as great as those in non-operative RA patients of Grade 2.</p>
キーワード elbow rheumatoid arthritis muscle strength Larsen's X-ray evaluation
Amo Type Article
発行日 1997-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
51巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 267
終了ページ 274
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 9359924
Web of Sience KeyUT A1997YD65300005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30786
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Ishikawa, Satoshi| Tanaka, Hiroyuki| Mizushima, Mutsue| Hashizume, Hiroyuki| Ishida, Yutaka| Inoue, Hajime|
抄録 <p>A study was conducted to examine the relationship of testicular atrophy to bone metabolism in male leprosy patients. The study consisted of 31 leprosy patients (mean age: 62.0 years) and 31 healthy control men (mean age: 60.0 years). Measurements were made of their serum levels of free testosterone (FT), estradiol (E<sub>2</sub>), luteinizing hormone (LH) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25 OHD). Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured at radial sites and the lumbar vertebral bodies (L2-L4) by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry using a Hologic QDR-2000 densitometer. FT and E<sub>2</sub> levels were significantly lower and LH levels higher in leprosy patients than in controls. This represents a primary hypogonadal pattern. A value of 7.20pg/ml of FT (= Mean -1 SD of control) was used as a cut off value, and the subjects were subdivided into a hypogonadal group (HG) and a non hypogonadal group (non-HG). When the subjects were compared for differences in age, age at onset of disease, duration of disease, body mass index and BMD, only the duration of disease and BMD were significantly different between the two groups. Furthermore, BMD of the forearm significantly correlated with FT levels (r = 0.689, P &#60; 0.0001). Low BMD may be due to orchitis and testicular atrophy.</p>
キーワード osteoporosis testicular atrophy testosterone leprosy male
Amo Type Article
発行日 1997-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
51巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 279
終了ページ 283
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 9359926
Web of Sience KeyUT A1997YD65300007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30783
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Hashizume, Hiroyuki| Nanba, Yoshifumi| Shigeyama, Yukio| Hirooka, Takahiko| Yokoi, Tadashi| Inoue, Hajime|
抄録 <p>Carpal tunnel syndrome is diagnosed by clinical symptoms, Tinel's sign, Phalen's test and electromyography. Carpal tunnel pressure measurement can also aid in the precise identification of excessive pressure sites that indicate locations for release. In this study, pressure measurements made during endoscopic carpal tunnel release at 5 points were significantly higher anywhere in the carpal tunnel than outside the tunnel and decreased markedly after release. We concluded that our measurement technique can improve the reliability of endoscopic carpal tunnel release by decreasing the likelihood of missing any nerve entrapment sites.</p>
キーワード carpal tunnel syndrome endoscopic carpaltunnel release carpal tunnel pressure
Amo Type Article
発行日 1997-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
51巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 105
終了ページ 110
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 9142348
Web of Sience KeyUT A1997WX19600008
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30778
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Kinugasa, Kiyoto| Hashizume, Hiroyuki| Nishida, Keiichiro| Shigeyama, Yukio| Inoue, Hajime|
抄録 <p>The results of the histological examinations of specimens of the tenosynovium of the flexor tendon, the epineurium and the transverse carpal ligament from two groups of Japanese patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (idiopathic and hemodialysis) were compared. Amyloid deposits, positively identified as &#946;<sub>2</sub>-microglobulin, appeared in all patients in the long-term hemodialysis group, but in no patients in the idiopathic group. Although the pathogenesis differed between the two groups, both resulted in nerve compression in the carpal tunnel. Therefore, surgical release is considered beneficial for both groups.</p>
キーワード carpal tunnel syndrome histopathology clinical results idiopathic hemodialysis
Amo Type Article
発行日 1997-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
51巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 63
終了ページ 70
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 9142342
Web of Sience KeyUT A1997WX19600002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30769
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Ikawa, Harutomo| Hashizume, Hiroyuki| Inoue, Hajime|
抄録 <p>Two rare cases of carpal tunnel syndrome caused by calcification in the carpal tunnel are reported. One case involved a tumorous calcification consisting of basic calcium phosphate, and the other involved a diffuse calcification consisting of a mixture of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate and basic calcium phosphate. These cases suggest that the shape of carpal tunnel calcifications is influenced by the nature of calcifying substance itself, i.e., whether it is heterogenous or homogenous.</p>
キーワード carpal tunnel syndrome calcium deposition disease
Amo Type Article
発行日 1997-12
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
51巻
6号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 333
終了ページ 337
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 9439776
Web of Sience KeyUT 000071183400007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30545
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Hashizume, Hiroyuki|
抄録 <p>The three-dimensional architecture of the collagen framework of human lumbar intervertebral discs was studied with scanning electron microscopy and polarized light microscopy concentrating on the fibrillar interconnection between the intervertebral disc and the vertebral bodies. The fibrillar framework of the annulus fibrosus and the cartilage end-plates encircled the nucleus pulposus as a closed-pack system in the adult. This closed-pack system developed in the seventh embryonic month and was completed by the tenth month. In general, fibrils composing the framework in the fetus were thinner than in the adult. There was no fibrillar interconnection between the cartilage end-plate and subchondral bone. In the inner one-third of the annulus, obliquely oriented fibrillar lamellae interconnected with the cartilage end-plate. In the outer two-thirds, the fibrillar bundles of the lamellae were firmly anchored into the vertebral bodies. This fibrillar anchoring system was already present in the full-term fetus although the vertebral rim was not ossified.</p>
キーワード intervertebral disc scanning electron microscopy collagen fibril.
Amo Type Article
発行日 1980-11
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
34巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 301
終了ページ 314
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 6449129
Web of Sience KeyUT A1980KT96800002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30474
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Takahara, Yasuhiro| Senda, Masuo| Hashizume, Hiroyuki| Yagata, Yukihisa| Inoue, Hajime|
抄録 <p>We observed differences in the capillary architecture of the skeletal muscles that have different fiber metabolism. The soleus, the vastus intermedius and the tibialis anterior muscles of adult Wistar rats were prepared using two different techniques. Samples for adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) staining were prepared following Dubovitz's method, and the distributions of fiber type, Types 1, 2A and 2B, were analyzed. Then, corrosion casts of capillary architecture of these muscles prepared following Murakami's method were observed with a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and compared with the fiber distribution. The fiber type composition of the soleus muscle showed Type 1 (slow-twitch) dominance and that of the vastus intermedius and the tibialis anterior muscle showed Type 2 (fast-twitch) dominance. The capillaries of the soleus muscle were tortuous, and this was thought to be advantageous for blood supply. In contrast, the capillaries of the vastus intermedius and tibialis anterior muscles had a relatively parallel pattern. Additionally, two different patterns of capillary architecture that appeared to correspond to certain metabolic characteristic of different muscle fiber types were preserved with corrosion casting. In conclusion, comparative studies on capillary architecture of the skeletal muscles are useful for analyses of its function. </p>
キーワード skeletal muscle ATPase staining muscle fiber type corrosion cast capillary architecture
Amo Type Article
発行日 1996-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
50巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 211
終了ページ 218
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 8874583
Web of Sience KeyUT A1996VE60800005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30414
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Shi, Qilin| Hashizume, Hiroyuki| Inoue, Hajime| Miyake, Toshiyuki| Nagayama, Noriyuki|
抄録 <p>Stress distribution in the first carpometacarpal joint was analyzed in 49 cadaveric hands using the finite element method to clarify the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis in the joint. The results of the finite element method analysis were compared with those of the contact pressure distribution in the first carpometacarpal joint of cadaveric specimens using pressure-sensitive film, and with the simple roentgenographical and microradiographical manifestations of spur formation, and with histological findings of osteoarthritis to verify the accuracy of the models of computer simulation models. The comparison of these results showed that osteoarthritic changes of the first carpometacarpal joint were found in areas where stress was concentrated during movement of the joint. The saddle shape of this joint is essentially well-designed for the dispersion of normal stress, however minimal displacement due to instability could easily induce osteoarthritis. Furthermore the shallow trapezial configuration may contribute to the high incidence of osteoarthritis changes. The finite element method helped clarify the relationship between stress patterns and osteoarthritis response.</p>
キーワード carpometacarpal joint onset mechanism of osteoarthritis stress distribution analysis twodimensinoal finite element method pressure-sensitive film
Amo Type Article
発行日 1995-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
49巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 43
終了ページ 51
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 7762409
Web of Sience KeyUT A1995QK32500007