|| We investigated the prevalence of and risk factors for the progression of upper cervical lesions (UCLs) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). A retrospective analysis of 49 patients with RA (4 males, 45 females) was conducted. The UCLs included atlanto-axial subluxation and vertical subluxation. We investigated the clinical factors including the Disease Activity Score 28 based on C-reactive protein (DAS28-CRP) and the modified Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index as well as radiographic changes between the baseline (at May 2010 to April 2013) and final follow-up. Forty patients (81.6%) were classified as the non-progressive group, and the other 9 patients (18.4%) comprised the progressive group. The progressive group’s final CRP values, baseline or final MMP-3 levels, DAS28-CRP, and rate of pre-existing lesions at baseline were all significantly higher than those of the non-progressive group (p=0.017, p=0.043, p=0.002, p=0.008, p<0.001, and p=0.008 respectively). A multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that DAS28-CRP at baseline was a risk factor for radiographic progression (p=0.018, odds ratio: 2.54, 95% confidence interval: 1.17-5.51). Our findings indicate that higher disease activity might influence the progression of UCLs in patients with RA.
|| rheumatoid arthritis
upper cervical spine lesion
|| Original Article
|| Acta Medica Okayama
|| Okayama University Medical School
|| CopyrightⒸ 2019 by Okayama University Medical School