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ID 31636
JaLCDOI
フルテキストURL
著者
Hong, Kui Okayama University
Kusano, Kengo Fukushima Okayama University
Morita, Hiroshi Okayama University
Fujimoto, Yoshihisa Okayama University
Wang, Xian Okayama University
Yamanari, Hiroshi Okayama University
Ohe, Tohru Okayama University
抄録

Ischemic preconditioning has been acknowledged as a powerful method of decreasing ischemic injury. However, the antiarrhythmic mechanism of ischemic preconditioning during ischemia is unclear. We studied the effects of ischemic preconditioning on arrhythmias and cardiac electrophysiology during ischemia in Langendorff rat hearts (n = 44). In the non-preconditioned group (PC(-); n = 24), the hearts underwent 5-min zero-flow global ischemia without any prior ischemic preconditioning. In the preconditioned group (PC(+); n = 20), the hearts were preconditioned by three cycles of 3-min zero-flow global ischemia and 5-min reperfusion before undergoing 5-min global ischemia. Ischemic preconditioning reduced the incidence of ischemia-induced arrhythmias (PC(-); 38.9%, PC(+): 8.3%, p < 0.05), shortened monophasic action potential duration (MAPD, P < 0.05), attenuated conduction delay (conduction time; PC(-): 234.2%, PC(+): 173.4%, P < 0.05) and increased the ventricular fibrillation threshold. Although the shortening of MAPD in PC(-) hearts was not influenced by the presence or absence of arrhythmias, conduction time prolongation at 3-min was more obvious in PC(-) hearts with arrhythmia than in PC(-) hearts without arrhythmia (PC(-) with arrhythmia: 220.2%, PC(-) without arrhythmia: 190.7%, P < 0.05). We concluded that ischemic preconditioning could protect the rat hearts from ischemia-induced arrhythmias and postulated that attenuation of conduction delay during ischemia might be an important factor in the antiarrhythmic action of ischemic preconditioning.

キーワード
preconditioning
ischemia
arrhythmia
Amo Type
Article
発行日
1999-10
出版物タイトル
Acta Medica Okayama
53巻
5号
出版者
Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ
233
終了ページ
238
ISSN
0386-300X
NCID
AA00508441
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
言語
English
論文のバージョン
publisher
査読
有り
PubMed ID
Web of Sience KeyUT