JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31645
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Maeda, Yasuhiko| Matsumoto, Kengo| Mizumatsu, Shinichiro| Tamiya, Takashi| Furuta, Tomohisa| Ohmoto, Takashi|
抄録 <p>The effect of intracarotid infusion of etoposide on the permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and brain-tumor barrier (BTB) was investigated using a model of rats injected with C6 glioma cells. Fifty four glioma-bearing rats were divided into 3 groups and treated with 0, 3, or 15 mg/kg of etoposide infused into the internal carotid artery. BBB or BTB permeability was evaluated qualitatively by the leakage of Evans blue (6 animals in each group) or quantitatively by the diffusion of carboplatin [cis-diammine (1,1-cyclobutane-dicarboxylato) platinum(II); CBDCA] (12 animals in each group) into the normal brain or the tumor tissue. BBB and BTB disruption augmented significantly in proportion to the dose of etoposide. The degree of disruption of BTB was greater than that of BBB, but the rate of disruption of BBB in proportion to increasing the dose of etoposide was higher than that in the BTB. Histopathologically, no obvious changes were observed in the animals of either the control group or the 3 mg/kg group but degenerative changes in the neurons of the hippocampus of the infused hemisphere were seen in the 15 mg/kg group. This change is thought to be caused by apoptosis because of the positive reaction with TdT-mediated dUTP-biotin nick-end labeling (TUNEL) method. Our results suggest that intracarotid infusion of etoposide can increase drug delivery of concurrent antitumor agents into tumor tissue, but cerebral parenchymal cell damage is expected with a higher dosage of etoposide. Therefore, the dosage of etoposide for intracarotid infusion should be lower than 15 mg/kg in order to reduce neurotoxicity of both etoposide and concurrent anticancer drugs.</p>
キーワード etoposide intracarotid infusion blood-brain barrier blood-tumor barrier apoptosis
Amo Type Article
発行日 1999-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 5
終了ページ 11
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Web of Sience KeyUT 000078897700002