JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54987
フルテキストURL 71_2_179.pdf
著者 Nosaka, Nobuyuki| Tsukahara, Kohei| Knaup, Emily| Yabuuchi, Toshihiko| Kikkawa, Tomonobu| Fujii, Yosuke| Yashiro, Masato| Yasuhara, Takao| Okada, Ayumi| Ugawa, Toyomu| Nakao, Atsunori| Tsukahara, Hirokazu| Date, Isao|
抄録 Newly published clinical practice guidelines recommend intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring in critical care for the management of pediatric acute encephalopathy (pAE), but the utility of ICP monitoring for pAE has been poorly studied. We recently performed direct ICP monitoring for two patients. We observed that although the direct ICP monitoring had clinical benefits with less body weight gain and no vasopressor use in both cases, this monitoring technique is still invasive. Future studies should determine the utility of non-invasive ICP monitoring systems in pAE to further improve the quality of intensive-care management.
キーワード cerebral perfusion encephalopathy child intracranial pressure neurological intensive care
Amo Type Short Communication
発行日 2017-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
71巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 179
終了ページ 180
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2017 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 28420900
著者 Nosaka, Nobuyuki| Okada, Ayumi| Tsukahara, Hirokazu|
発行日 2017-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
71巻
1号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54819
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54805
フルテキストURL 70_6_435.pdf
著者 Yamashita, Miho| Hasegawa, Kosei| Higuchi, Yousuke| Miyai, Takayuki| Okada, Ayumi| Tanaka, Hiroyuki| Tsukahara, Hirokazu|
抄録 The urinary cross-linked N-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (uNTx) levels in infantile osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) have not been well studied. Here we investigated the levels of uNTx in infants with OI and healthy infants. We collected spot urine samples from 30 infants with OI (male/female, 14/16; Sillence classification, I/II/III/IV: 15/3/6/6; age, 5.2±4.4 months) and 120 healthy infants (male/female, 75/45; age, 5.1±4.1 months) for the measurement of uNTx levels. The uNTx levels of the OI infants were significantly lower than those of the healthy infants (mean±SD, 1,363.7±530.1 vs. 2,622.2±1,202.6 nmol BCE/mmol Cr; p<0.001). The uNTx levels of the infants with type I OI were significantly lower than those of the age-matched healthy infants, although an overlap was observed between the 2 groups. Among the 1-month-old infants, the uNTx levels of the infants with types I, III or IV OI were significantly lower than those of the healthy infants, without overlap (1,622.5±235.8 vs. 3,781.0±1,027.1 nmol BCE/mmol Cr; p<0.001). These results indicate that uNTx levels are significantly lower in infants with OI than in healthy infants, and they suggest that uNTx might be useful as a reference for diagnosing OI.
キーワード bone resorption marker bone turnover bone mass
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2016-12
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
70巻
6号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 435
終了ページ 439
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 28003667
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54500
フルテキストURL 70_4_255.pdf
著者 Nosaka, Nobuyuki| Fujiwara, Takeo| Knaup, Emily| Okada, Ayumi| Tsukahara, Hirokazu|
抄録 Estimation methods for pediatric weight have not been evaluated for Japanese children. This study aimed to assess the accuracy of mothersʼ reports of their childrenʼs weight in Japan. We also evaluated potential alternatives to the estimation of weight, including the Broselow tape (BT), Advanced Pediatric Life Support (APLS), and Parkʼs formulae. We prospectively collected cross-sectional data on a convenience sample of 237 children aged less than 10 years who presented to a general pediatric outpatient clinic with their mothers. Each weight estimation method was evaluated using Bland-Altman plots and by calculating the proportion within 10 and 20 of the measured weight. Mothersʼ reports of weight were the most accurate method, with 94.9 within 10 of the measured weight, the lowest mean difference (0.27kg), and the shortest 95 limit of agreement (-1.4 to 1.9kg). The BT was the most reliable alternative, followed by APLS and Parkʼs formulae. Mothersʼ reports of their children ʼs weight are more accurate than other weight estimation methods. When no report of a childʼs weight by the mother is available, BT is the best alternative. When an aged-based formula is the only option, the APLS formula is preferred.
キーワード body weight child estimation techniques mothers, parents
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2016-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
70巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 255
終了ページ 259
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 27549669
Web of Science KeyUT 000384748600004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/46630
フルテキストURL 65_3_185.pdf
著者 Watanabe, Kumi| Okada, Ayumi| Okabe, Nobuyuki| Onishi, Masaru| Morishima, Tsuneo|
抄録 The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychological needs of children and adolescents with eating disorders (ED) directed toward their mothers. Patients with ED have low self-assertion and various abnormal eating behaviors. Therefore, mothers face difficulty in understanding their children's psychological needs, and the mother-child relationship is sometimes strained. We developed a One-Message Question (OMQ)-structured interview. The OMQ was easy to answer, and it helped the patients with ED. We examined the relationship between psychological needs and illness phase of the children and adolescents, and we discuss the viability of implementing the OMQ in clinical settings. The subjects were 23 patients and their parents. Their parents were just asked about the patients' background. The mean age of the patients was 15.8 years, and the average age of ED onset was 13.5 years. The EDs were anorexia nervosa (n=20) and bulimia nervosa (n=3). The phases of patients' illness were identified as anorexic (n=5), bulimic (n=7), chronic (n=3), and stable (n=8). All subjects provided specific responses to the OMQ-structured interview. Data analyses revealed the following seven categories of patients' psychological needs directed toward their mothers:attachment, cooperation in meeting their goals, longing for love, changing attitude toward family members, respect for self-reliance, expression of apology, and expression of appreciation. These findings suggested that the OMQ-structured interview may prove useful for mothers to understand their children's psychological needs and may encourage positive interactions as a foundation for future recovery.
キーワード family support mother-child relationships eating disorders in children and adolescents interview methods team approach
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2011-06
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
65巻
3号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 185
終了ページ 192
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2011 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 21709716
Web of Science KeyUT 000292017500005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32899
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Hosogi, Mizuho| Okada, Ayumi| Yamanaka, Eriko| Ootyou, Keiko| Tsukamoto, Chiaki| Morishima, Tsuneo|
抄録 Self-esteem is the evaluative feelings one holds for oneself and the sense that one has essential worth. It is evaluated as the difference between the actual self and the ideal self. Healthy self-esteem supports psychological stability and positive social activity and is an essential element in the psychological development of children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate self-esteem in children with psychosomatic symptoms and elucidate a strategy for using such evaluations in therapy. We evaluated self-esteem in 56 patients at the Department of Pediatrics of Okayama University Hospital who were undergoing outpatient therapy for psychosomatic symptoms, using Pope's 5-scale test of self-esteem for children. We examined patient attributes, course of therapy, and social adjustment. Patients with low self-esteem on multiple scales at the first visit were all female, and these patients had a significantly higher frequency of family function problems, such as a family member with a psychiatric disorder, economic hardship, or experience of child abuse. Moreover, the prognosis for these patients was poor regardless of their social adjustment at the first visit.
キーワード self-esteem psychosomatic symptom family function child abuse 5-scale test of self-esteem
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2007-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
61巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 271
終了ページ 281
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 17971844
Web of Science KeyUT 000250431700005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32896
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Okada, Ayumi| Tsukamoto, Chiaki| Hosogi, Mizuho| Yamanaka, Eriko| Watanabe, Kumi| Ootyou, Keiko| Morishima, Tsuneo|
抄録 Phagophobia is a disorder characterized by a conditioned excessive fear of eating and is initiated by an event such as vomiting or choking. During childhood, vomiting often occurs as a result of infection or overeating, and painful experiences bring about maladaptive eating behavior like food refusal. There have been few reports of phagophobia, and patients have sometimes been misdiagnosed with anorexia nervosa (AN). The objective of this study was to elucidate the psycho-pathology and current treatment of patients with phagophobia by analyzing case studies. We describe 6 cases with phagophobia. Patients with strong obsessions were refractory to treatment, indicating that evaluation of premorbid personality is crucial to the prognosis. It is important to classify this disorder according to psycho-pathology into "post-traumatic type" and "gain-from-illness type" to make a treatment plan. A solution focused approach is also effective for patients and their family. Paying close attention to these conditions and to the diagnostic concept referred as "hagophobia" is useful in achieving these aims.
キーワード phagophobia functional dysphagia eating disorder premorbid character solution focused approach
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2007-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
61巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 261
終了ページ 269
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 17971843
Web of Science KeyUT 000250431700004