JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54192
フルテキストURL 70_2_131.pdf
著者 Ohuchi, Hideyo| Taniguchi, Kaori| Miyaishi, Satoru| Kono, Hitomi| Fujita, Hirofumi| Bando, Tetsuya| Fuchizawa, Chiharu| Ohtani, Yuko| Ohtani, Osamu|
抄録 Human congenital anomalies provide information that contributes to the understanding of developmental mechanisms. Here we report bilateral optic nerve aplasia (ONA) with microphthalmia in the autopsy of the cadaver of a 70-year-old Japanese female. The gross anatomical inspection of the brain showed a cotton thread-like cord in the presumed location of the optic nerve tract or chiasm. Histologically, no neural retina, optic nerve bundle or retinal central vessels were formed in the eye globe, and the retinal pigment cells formed rosettes. The cornea, iris, and lens were also histologically abnormal. Immunohistochemically, no retinal cells expressed beta III tubulin, and Pax6-immunoreactive cells were present in the ciliary non-pigmented epithelial cells. This case of ONA could be attributed to the agenesis of retinal projection neurons as a sequel to the disruption of neural retina development. The neural retina formation would coordinate the proper development of ocular tissues.
キーワード eye development human congenital anomalies optic nerve aplasia microphthalmia neural retina
Amo Type Case Reports
発行日 2016-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
70巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 131
終了ページ 137
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 27094838
Web of Science KeyUT 000377626300008
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/51064
フルテキストURL 67_4_203.pdf
著者 Ohuchi, Hideyo|
抄録 A central issue of evolutionary developmental biology is how the eye is diverged morphologically and functionally. However, the unifying mechanisms or schemes that govern eye diversification remain unsolved. In this review, I first introduce the concept of evolutionary developmental biology of the eye with a focus on photoreception, the fundamental property of retinal cells. Second, I summarize the early development of vertebrate eyes and the role of a homeobox gene, Lhx1, in subdivision of the retina into 2 domains, the neural retina and retinal pigmented epithelium of the optic primordium. The 2 retinal domains are essential components of the eye as they are found in such prototypic eyes as the extant planarian eye. Finally, I propose the presence of novel retinal cell subtypes with photosensory functions based on our recent work on atypical photopigments (opsins) in vertebrates. Since human diseases are attributable to the aberration of various types of cells due to alterations in gene expression, understanding the precise mechanisms of cellular diversification and unraveling the molecular profiles of cellular subtypes are essential to future regenerative medicine.
キーワード eye development evolution opsin photoreceptor
Amo Type Review
発行日 2013-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
67巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 203
終了ページ 212
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2013 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 23970318
Web of Sience KeyUT 000323470100001
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/50408
フルテキストURL 67_3_153.pdf
著者 Yamamoto, Masanao| Fujita, Hirofumi| Katase, Naoki| Inoue, Keiji| Nagatsuka, Hitoshi| Utsumi, Kozo| Sasaki, Junzo| Ohuchi, Hideyo|
抄録 Ever since protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) was discovered to accumulate preferentially in cancer cells after 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) treatment, photodynamic treatment or therapy (PDT) has been developed as an exciting new treatment option for cancer patients. However, the level of PpIX accumulation in oral cancer is fairly low and insufficient for PDT. Ferrochelatase (FECH) and ATP-binding cassette transporter G2 (ABCG2) are known to regulate PpIX accumulation. In addition, serum enhances PpIX export by ABCG2. We investigated here whether and how inhibitors of FECH and ABCG2 and their combination could improve PpIX accumulation and PDT efficacy in an oral cancer cell line in serum-containing medium. ABCG2 inhibitor and the combination of ABCG2 and FECH inhibitors increased PpIX in the presence of fetal bovine serum (FBS) in an oral cancer cell line. Analysis of ABCG2 gene silencing also revealed the involvement of ABCG2 in the regulation of PpIX accumulation. Inhibitors of FECH and ABCG2, and their combination increased the efficiency of ALA-PDT even in the presence of FBS. ALA-PDT-induced cell death was accompanied by apoptotic events and lipid peroxidation. These results suggest that accumulation of PpIX is determined by the activities of ABCG2 and FECH and that treatment with a combination of their inhibitors improves the efficacy of PDT for oral cancer, especially in the presence of serum.
キーワード 5-aminolevulinic acid protoporphyrin IX oncology photodynamic therapy apoptosis
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2013-06
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
67巻
3号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 153
終了ページ 164
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2013 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 23804138
Web of Science KeyUT 000320747900004
関連URL http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/50681