JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/57711
フルテキストURL 73_6_479.pdf
著者 Suganami, Yu| Oka, Kosuke| Hanayama, Yoshihisa| Honda, Hiroyuki| Hamahara, Jun| Obika, Mikako| Kariyama, Kazuya| Kishida, Masayuki| Otsuka, Fumio|
抄録 To clarify the potential relevance of patients’ chief complaints at a general medicine department to their self-rating depression scale (SDS) and frequency scale for symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) (FSSG) scores, we analyzed data of 478 patients who visited our general medicine department. The chief complaints (553 symptoms of 447 patients) were categorized into major symptom-based groups: respiratory (31%), circulatory (3%), gastrointestinal (GI) tract (26%), neurology (8%), orthopedic and skin (10%), and systemic (22%) symptoms. The SDS score tended to be higher in females and younger patients. The FSSG score did not differ by gender but was higher in younger patients. The patients receiving social welfare had higher SDS and FSSG scores. A close inter-relationship between the FSSG (including both degrees of reflux and dysmotility) and SDS was observed in all patients. Although the averages of the SDS and FSSG scores were not significantly different among the symptom-based categories, we observed significantly positive correlations between the FSSG and SDS in each category, suggesting that depressive status may be closely related to GERD-related symptoms regardless of the patients’ chief complaints. An initial checkup of patients’ psychological condition and/or GERD-like symptoms could help screen for latent disorders in outpatients with uncertain complaints.
キーワード chief complaints frequency scale for the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (FSSG) self-rating depression scale (SDS) welfare
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2019-12
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
73巻
6号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 479
終了ページ 486
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2019 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 31871329
Web of Sience KeyUT 000503431400002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/56372
フルテキストURL 72_6_553.pdf
著者 Omura, Daisuke| Sato, Asuka| Oka, Kosuke| Hanayama, Yoshihisa| Ogawa, Hiroko| Obika, Mikako| Otsuka, Fumio|
抄録 To clarify potential relationships between chief complaints of patients and laboratory data with a focus on aging-related changes, we retrospectively analyzed the data of 843 patients who visited a general medicine department for the first time. Their chief complaints were classified into 8 major symptoms: visceral pain, somatic pain, fever, cough, dizziness, fatigue, appetite loss, and edema. We compared the laboratory data obtained from the patients with complaints with the data of symptom-free (control) patients. The serum sodium and potassium levels in the fever group were decreased compared to those in the control group. In the fever group, the serum sodium level was inversely correlated with age. The ratio of serum urea nitrogen to creatinine (UN/Cr) was increased in the appetite-loss group. There were significant age-dependent increases in the UN/Cr ratio in the appetite-loss and edema groups. Of note, serum levels of free thyroxin were lower in the dizziness group compared to the control group. In addition, the free thyroxin level was inversely correlated with age in the dizziness group but not in the asymptomatic control group. Collectively, the results indicated that osmolality-related laboratory data are strongly associated with individual primary symptoms at the first visit regardless of the final diagnosis. The consideration of age-dependent changes of these markers is helpful for diagnosing latent disorders based on various primary symptoms.
キーワード dizziness fever osmolality serum sodium thyroid dysfunction
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2018-12
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
72巻
6号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 553
終了ページ 562
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2018 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 30573909
NAID 120006545157
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/56242
フルテキストURL 72_5_447.pdf
著者 Oka, Kosuke| Hanayama, Yoshihisa| Sato, Asuka| Omura, Daisuke| Yasuda, Miho| Hasegawa, Ko| Obika, Mikako| Otsuka, Fumio|
抄録 We retrospectively analyzed the cases of 148 febrile patients whose body temperature (BT) was ≥ 37.5°C at our hospital. We categorized them into seven groups; those with bacterial and viral infection, nonspecific inflammation, neoplasm, connective tissue disease (CTD), drug-induced disease, and unidentified causes. Our analysis revealed that the patient’s BT at the 1st visit (BT-1st visit) and highest BT during the febrile period (BT-max) differed significantly among all categories except neoplasm. The greatest difference between BT-1st visit and BT-max was highest in the CTD group (1.5°C). Positive correlations of heart rate and C-reactive protein (CRP) level with BT-max and a negative correlation between serum sodium level with BT-max were uncovered. The serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level and the ratio of TSH/free thyroxine were negatively correlated with BT-max, especially in the viral infection group, suggesting the existence of occult thyrotoxicosis in accord with a febrile condition, possibly leading to febrile tachycardia. A febrile gap between BT-1st visit and BT-max (except in the neoplasm group) was shown, in which BT-max was correlated with thyroid function. Clinicians should recognize the fluctuation of BT when diagnosing febrile patients, and tachycardia in such febrile patients may be, at least in part, associated with subclinical thyroid dysfunction.
キーワード body temperature C-reactive protein fever of unknown origin tachycardia thyroid dysfunction
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2018-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
72巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 447
終了ページ 456
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2018 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 30369601