JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32623
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Furuno, Katsushi| Gomita, Yutaka| Yoshida, Toshiko| Oishi, Ryozo| Saeki, Kiyomi| Araki, Yasunori|
抄録 <p>The plasma concentration of indomethacin was measured after the rectal administration of water-soluble and fatty base suppositories in rats. The results were compared with the in vitro indomethacin release from suppositories determined by Paddle method using three different types of membranes: cellulose membrane, artificial sausage membrane and natural sausage membrane. The plasma concentrations of indomethacin during the first 4h after the rectal administration were higher in rats that received water-soluble base suppositories than in those that received fatty base types. When either a cellulose membrane or an artificial sausage membrane of cow protein was used in the Paddle method, the amount of indomethacin released from fatty base suppositories was significantly higher than that from water-soluble base ones. However, the results were reversed when a natural sausage membrane of pig colon was used. The discrepancy in the in vitro experiments using water-soluble base suppositories seemed to be due to the difference of pore size of membrane used. Careful consideration should be given to the membrane used in the Paddle method especially when this method is employed to examine the release of poorly soluble drugs like indomethacin in both water-soluble and fatty base suppositories.</p>
キーワード indomethacin suppository in vitro cellulose membrane sausage membrane in vivo bioavailability
Amo Type Article
発行日 1992-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
46巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 223
終了ページ 231
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 1442146
Web of Science KeyUT A1992JL44200001
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32222
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Yoshida, Toshiko| Itoh, Yoshinori| Gomita, Yutaka| Oishi, Ryozo|
抄録 <p>The release of indomethacin from fatty-base suppositories, which had been stored at a low (4 degrees C) and a high (25-30 degrees C) temperature for about one month, was examined in vitro and in vivo. In the in vivo experiments, the plasma indomethacin levels after administration of suppositories stored at different temperatures were measured in conscious and anesthetized rats. In the in vitro release test using a dialysis cell method, much lower amounts of indomethacin were released from the suppositories stored at a high temperature than from those stored at a low temperature. The melting point of suppositories stored at a high temperature was higher by approximately 2 degrees C than those stored at a low temperature. In conscious rats, the plasma indomethacin levels attained after the intrarectal administration of suppositories stored at a high temperature were slightly lower than those after the animals were given suppositories stored at a low temperature, but the difference was significant only 30 min after administration. In anesthetized rats, the plasma indomethacin levels were markedly lower than those in conscious rats, and the influence of the storage temperature on the plasma indomethacin levels was clearly observed. These results suggest that in conscious rats many factors such as a locomotor hyperactivity and enhancement of gastrointestinal motility caused by the rectal administration mask the real character of suppositories. The in vitro and in vivo results show that the release of indomethacin from fatty-base suppositories stored at a high temperature is less than the release from those stored at a low temperature.</p>
キーワード indomethacin suppository quality contyol bioavailability in vitro release test
Amo Type Article
発行日 1991-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
45巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 37
終了ページ 42
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 2063694
Web of Science KeyUT A1991FA75000005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32011
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Futagami, Koujiro| Hirano, Naofumi| Iimori, Emiko| Motomura, Kenichi| Ide, Michiko| Kataoka, Yasuhumi| Araki, Hiroaki| Gomita, Yutaka| Oishi, Ryozo|
抄録 <p>Non-traumatic rhabdomyolysis associated with organophosphate intoxication has not been generally reported. We report here in a severe case of fenitrothion poisoning complicated by rhabdomyolysis. A 43-year-old woman ingested approximately 100 ml of fenitrothion emulsion (50%) in an attempt to commit suicide. On day 3 after admission, her creatine phosphokinase (CPK) peaked at 47,762 IU/L. She received supportive treatment included sodium bicarbonate and fluid resuscitation. However, muscarinic symptoms including excessive miosis and salivation developed on day 5 when her CPK levels decreased. The delay in cholinergic symptoms might have been due to the trihexyphenidyl she took with the antipsychotic drugs. Fortunately, the present patient recovered from the acute cholinergic crisis, and acute renal failure was prevented by early diagnosis. This is a case of organophosphate poisoning complicated by rhabdomyolysis in a psychiatric patient. The masking of acute cholinergic symptoms should be taken into consideration in such patients.</p>
キーワード fenitrothion organophosphate poisoning rhabdomyolysis psychiatric patient
Amo Type Article
発行日 2001-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
55巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 129
終了ページ 132
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 11332199
Web of Sience KeyUT 000168195700009
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31109
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Yamori, Motoo| Oishi, Ryozo| Gomita, Yutaka| Saeki, Kiyomi|
抄録 <p>Effects of acute (15h) and chronic (15h x 7 days) immobilization (IM) stress on plasma levels of nicorandil [N-(2-hydroxyethyl) nicotinamide nitrate (ester)] administered orally were examined in rats. The maximum plasma level was reached 30 min after administration. Acute IM stress significantly reduced plasma nicorandil levels both in the absorption and elimination phases (15 min and 2-6h after administration, respectively). Chronic IM stress further intensified the reduction of nicorandil levels in the absorption phase, but attenuated the influence of acute stress in the elimination phase. No significant difference was observed one day after removal of chronic IM stress. These results suggest that chronic IM stress markedly inhibits the absorption of nicorandil, but the distribution, metabolism and excretion were influenced more by acute IM stress.</p>
キーワード immobilization stress nicorandil plasma level absorption elimination rat
Amo Type Article
発行日 1994-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
48巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 113
終了ページ 115
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 8042535
Web of Science KeyUT A1994NJ77500008
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30398
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Moriyama, Masahiro| Domoto, Haruyo| Yamashita, Syoichi| Furuno, Katsushi| Oishi, Ryozo| Kawasaki, Hiromu| Gomita, Yutaka|
抄録 <p>We examined the pharmacokinetics of phenobarbital before and during pregnancy in rats. Animals were divided into four groups: (a) control, (b) pregnant, (c) phenobarbital-treated, and (d) phenobarbital-treated pregnant groups. The increase in body weight of nonpregnant or pregnant rats was not influenced by long-term phenobarbital treatment. Plasma phenobarbital concentrations during the period of long-term phenobarbital treatment with a fixed dosage by body weight were not significantly affected by pregnancy. Furthermore, pregnancy did not affect pharmacokinetic parameters of phenobarbital between 0.25 and 24h after administration. These results suggest that pregnancy does not influence on the pharmacokinetics of long-term phenobarbital treatment at a fixed dosage by body weight.</p>
キーワード phenobarbital pharmacokinetics pregnancy plasma concentrations
Amo Type Article
発行日 1995-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
49巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 237
終了ページ 240
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 8585393
Web of Science KeyUT A1995TC51800002