JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54596
フルテキストURL 70_5_377.pdf
著者 Kawakami, Yoshio| Katayama, Takashi| Kishida, Masayuki| Oda, Wakako| Inoue, Yasuro|
抄録 A 71-year-old man presented with a high fever, polyarthralgia, petechiae and palpable purpura accompanied by livedoid change on his legs and feet. Histopathological findings of the purpura revealed perivascular infiltration of neutrophils, mononuclear cells, and nuclear debris, and extravasation of red cells mainly in the upper dermis: all signs consistent with leukocytoclastic vasculitis. Small vessel thrombi, which are characteristic features of septic vasculopathy, were also observed. Direct immunofluorescence showed negative results. Blood culture revealed the growth of gram-negative bacilli. Subsequently, 16S rRNA sequencing of DNA confirmed the organism as Streptobacillus moniliformis, which is the causative pathogen of rat-bite fever. He had frequently encountered wild rats in his house although there was no evidence of rat bite on his body. Empiric therapy with intravenous administration of ceftriaxone in combination with azithromycin hydrate led to a prompt resolution of the symptoms. Precise history-taking related to contact with rats and detection of skin eruptions suggestive of leukocytoclastic vasculitis on the extremities, especially on the feet, can be clues to Streptobacillus moniliformis infection. Familiarity with its cutaneous features is important for early diagnosis; the evidence herein may also help in understanding its underlying pathogenesis.
キーワード livedo vasculitis rat bite fever polyarteritis nodosa septic vasculopathy
Amo Type Case Reports
発行日 2016-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
70巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 377
終了ページ 381
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 27777430
Web of Science KeyUT 000388098700007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32097
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Koirala, Tirtha Raj| Hayashi, Kazuhiko| Jin, Zaishun| Onoda, Sachiyo| Tanaka, Takehiro| Oda, Wakako| Ichimura, Koichi| Ohara, Nobuya| Oka, Takashi| Yamada, Masao| Yoshino, Tadashi|
抄録 <p>Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related herpesvirus (Si-IIA-EBV) was serially transmitted for 3 passages from rabbit to rabbit of the opposite sex by blood transfusion, which subsequently induced virus-associated rabbit lymphomas. The virus could be transmitted by transfusion with 15-20 ml of whole blood (7/7) or irradiated blood (1/6) from the EBV-related virus-infected rabbits, but there was no transmission with transfusion of cell-free plasma (0/6) from the infected rabbits. Passive anti-EBV-VCA IgG (x 20 approximately x 10) titers decreased during the first 1-2 weeks in the transfused rabbits. The virus-transmitted rabbits showed a gradual increase in antibody titers ranging from peak titers of x 640 to x 2560 after 3 weeks of transfusion. The recipient origin of malignant lymphoma that developed in the first rabbit transfused by infected blood was confirmed by chromosomal analysis. This rabbit model thus shows that EBV-related herpesvirus is serially transmissible by blood transfusion and that transmission can not be completely prevented by irradiation of blood, but removal of blood cells is the best way to prevent transmission of EBV-related virus. Therefore, this animal model provides a convenient in vivo system for studies of the prevention and therapy of transfusion-related transmission of EBV and EBV-associated lymphoproliferative diseases in immunocompromised human beings.</p>
キーワード ?Epstein-Barr virus(EBV) rabbit lymphoproliferative diseases blood transfusion
Amo Type Article
発行日 2004-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
58巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 67
終了ページ 74
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 15255507
Web of Science KeyUT 000221043700002