JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30391
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Lotsu, Dela Kwasi| Imamura, Teisuke| Takamine, Fusae|
抄録 <p>The incidence of nosocomial infections with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is of great concern in Japan and the developed world as a whole. Simple typing techniques like coagulase and phage typing are quick and useful for monitoring and evaluating these organisms. In view of this, the current status of antimicrobial susceptibility in Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) isolates in Okinawa typed by coagulase and phage typing was studied. Of 508 isolates, methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) comprised 54.3% (minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) &#62; or = 16 micrograms/ml). Coagulase type II and phage group III were the most prevalent, comprising 65.2% and 38%, respectively. These were followed by phage non-typable group and coagulase type III with 36.6% and 12.7%, respectively. Compared to a previous study conducted in 1989, there has been an increase of about 17% in the MRSA isolation rate with a concomitant increase of about 11% in the coagulase type II MRSA isolation rate and a decrease of about 27% in the isolation rate of coagulase type III MRSA. Using a panel of 16 antibiotics, coagulase type II MRSA were resistant to all except Arbekacin and Vancomycin. Arbekacin and Vancomycin were the sole antibiotics to which resistance was not expressed by any of the isolates. With regard to the methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA), coagulase type III and phase group III were the most prevalent, comprising 25.9% and 32.3%, respectively.</p>
キーワード coagulase type phage type antibiotic MRSA MSSA
Amo Type Article
発行日 1995-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 81
終了ページ 89
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 7618492
Web of Sience KeyUT A1995QV69800004