JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/53560
フルテキストURL 69_4_237.pdf
著者 Nanba, Shintarou| Ikeda, Fusao| Fujioka, Shin-ichi| Araki, Yasuyuki| Takaguchi, Kouichi| Hashimoto, Noriaki| Seki, Hiroyuki| Takaki, Akinobu| Iwasaki, Yoshiaki| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
抄録 The effectiveness of extending treatment duration as response guided therapy was previously reported for chronic hepatitis C (CHC) genotype 1, but is still controversial for genotype 2. The present study is a retrospective cohort study to investigate the effectiveness of extending treatment duration in therapy with pegylated interferon and ribavirin for patients with CHC genotype 2 by focusing on the timing at which patients obtained undetectable HCV RNA. A total of 306 patients who obtained undetectable HCV RNA by week 24 of treatment and completed 24 weeks of treatment were enrolled. Rapid virological response (RVR) to standard therapy was achieved by 122 patients (51オ), and 89オ of them obtained sustained virological response (SVR), while 69オ of non-RVR patients achieved SVR. Non-RVR patients with undetectable HCV RNA at week 8, and insufficient adherence<80オ pegylated interferon and ribavirin during the first 24 weeks, significantly improved their SVR rate by extended therapy. Among patients receiving extended therapy, drug adherences did not differ between SVR and non-SVR patients, indicating that extending treatment duration might compensate for insufficient antiviral effects due to insufficient drug adherences. This finding might be useful in creating a guideline for extending treatment duration for patients with CHC genotype 2.
キーワード hepatitis C virus interferon genotype 2 response-guided therapy
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2015-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
69巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 237
終了ページ 244
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2015 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 26289915
Web of Sience KeyUT 000365519100007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/52139
フルテキストURL 68_1_17.pdf
著者 Moritou, Yuki| Ikeda, Fusao| Iwasaki, Yoshiaki| Baba, Nobuyuki| Takaguchi, Kouichi| Senoh, Tomonori| Nagano, Takuya| Takeuchi, Yasuto| Yasunaka, Tetsuya| Ohnishi, Hideki| Miyake, Yasuhiro| Takaki, Akinobu| Nouso, Kazuhiro| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
抄録 The impact of hepatic steatosis on interferon therapy for patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) has been associated with single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of IL28B, patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3 (PNPLA3), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor. Whether this holds true for Japanese patients, however, remains unresolved. The present study prospectively enrolled 226 Japanese patients with CHC, and investigated the impact of hepatic steatosis and its related SNPs, including rs8099917 of IL28B, rs738409 of PNPLA3, and rs14158 of LDL receptor, on outcomes of peg-interferon and ribavirin therapy. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, significant factors affecting the severity of hepatic steatosis were high body mass index and the minor alleles of IL28B SNP (p=0.020 and 0.039, respectively). The risk alleles of PNPLA3 SNP also showed weak association (p=0.059). Severe steatosis and the minor alleles of IL28B SNP were significantly associated with null or partial virological response in patients with HCV genotype 1, as were female gender, and low LDL cholesterol (p=0.049, and <0.001, respectively). The SNP genotype of PNPLA3 and LDL receptor did not have a significant impact on therapeutic outcomes. With respect to the SNP sites examined, the SNP of PNPLA3 has a weak association with severe hepatic steatosis, but not with the outcome of interferon therapy.
キーワード hepatic steatosis genetic polymorphism interferon HCV
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2014-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
68巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 17
終了ページ 22
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2014 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 24553484
Web of Sience KeyUT 000331592800003